Park roses in the garden - varieties, plants and care

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Hobby gardeners with a penchant for naturalness, will welcome park roses in the garden. Under this term, rose experts summarize varieties that were subject as wild species only a small influence by the hand of the breeder. This classification concerns first and foremost historical roses from the period before 1867. Park roses thus combine the robust constitution of a wild species with the enchanting charm of a noble shrub rose. Discover the most beautiful varieties here. In addition, you benefit from practical tips on planting and care.
This classic impresses with large, creamy-white flowers, half-filled and delicately pink. The first flowering is only in the second year, but then appears reliable again and again.

  • Growth height up to 200 cm
  • Highest resistance to blackspot and mildew
Pink Grootendorst
The magnificently filled, carnation-like fringed flowers shine in glorious pink several times from June to August. This park rose is recommended for low hedges, with its numerous spines to keep uninvited guests away.
  • Growth height up to 150 cm
  • Taut upright habit
This variety is one of the most popular park roses, because it exudes an incomparable fragrance. Not to forget the intensely filled, violet-red flowers.
  • Growth height up to 200 cm
  • More flowering from June
The ideal rose for the natural garden has been cultivated since the 19th century. Planted to hedge, this variety enriches the appearance with deep red flowers from June to September. During the winter, the birds of the garden enjoy the countless rose hips and find here a safe retreat.
  • Growth height up to 200 cm
  • Flowering more often
A rarity among the park roses, because Hugonis shines with bright yellow flowers. Therefore, she also carries the title 'Chinese Gold Rose'. As early as April, it carries its lush flowerbeds into June.
  • Growth height 150-200 cm
  • Apart feathery foliage
Best planting time for the Parkrosen used by hand or acquired from the hand of the grower is autumn. The soil is still warm to the sun and until the first frost, the young plants have enough time to establish themselves well. This requirement applies primarily to bare root roses, while container ware may be planted throughout the year, provided it does not freeze.
All roses are sun children, because only if at least 4 hours of sunshine are available daily, they unfold their flowers in perfection. Of course, this attribute alone is not enough to make park roses feel good in the garden. This is how the location should be:
  • Sunny, warm and luftumsp├╝lte location
  • Humous, nutrient-rich soil
  • Deep loose until at least 50 cm deep
  • Fresh-damp and without waterlogging
In the choice of the perfect location, the soil fatigue plays into it. If rose plants were already cultivated in the bed, this circumstance partly affects the growth of young plants considerably. Avoid these situations for 3-5 years, to settle there Tagetes or a green manure, before you plant roses again at this point.
Put park roses
Before you plant the roses at the selected location, they are watered extensively. Root-bare plants come for 12-24 hours completely into a bucket of water. Previously, the shoots are shortened to 10 centimeters. The roots are cut off a maximum of 1-2 centimeters, so that numerous fiber roots can develop. Container roses can be placed in water with their root ball without previous pruning until no more air bubbles rise. Then continue like this:
  • Loosen the planting area thoroughly with the rake
  • Meticulously remove stones, roots and weeds
  • Dig a plant hole with 1.5 times the volume of the root ball
  • Enrich the excavation with cattle manure, compost and horn shavings
  • At the bottom of the pit create a drainage of grit, expanded clay or potsherds
  • Spread a layer of substrate over the drainage and insert the patched rose
Fill the planting hole with soil so far that the processing area is covered about 5 centimeters. After you have grounded, pour generously.
Tip: Mineral fertilizer is not added to the planting pit of roses. In contrast to organic fertilizer, the saline preparations attack the delicate root system.
Subsequent to the planting, a sufficient water supply dominates the care of young park roses. Pour regularly and abundantly until the plants have been expelled about 10 centimeters. In this way, a rose signals that it has grown well. Then you enter the normal care protocol.
Pouring and fertilizing
A well-established shrub rose requires a balanced water balance. It follows that the flower does not tolerate rashes in one direction or the other.
  • Keep the soil evenly moist
  • Dries the earth surface, is poured
  • Preferably water in the morning or evening hours
  • Do not sprinkle roses over the top
A thin mulch layer keeps the soil warm and longer moist. Well-suited mulch material is sifted compost or clay soil. Although bark mulch offers a beautiful appearance, it nevertheless has the disadvantage that this material extracts important nutrients from the soil and promotes fungal infections. For park roses to develop their lavish flowering and the beguiling fragrance in the garden, they are dependent on a regular supply of nutrients. For this purpose, a wide range of mineral and organic fertilizers is available for selection. Special rose fertilizers score here with an efficient mineral-organic combination.
  • Roses planted in May receive fertilizer for the first time in June
  • In the following years, the nutrient supply starts in March
  • Organic fertilizer, such as compost or cattle manure every 2-3 weeks work into the soil
  • Lastly, at the end of July / beginning of August, apply a potassium-stressed fertilizer, such as Patentkali
In order for historic park roses to develop their legendary winter hardiness, they will no longer receive fertilizer from August. Thus, the shoots have enough time to fully mature until the first frost.
Especially in the year of planting an additional winter protection is recommended. Although the queen of flowers is endowed with a robust frost-hardiness, it is the frequent temperature fluctuations that disturb her. Experienced rose gardeners prevent this strain with the following measures:
  • Park roses before the first frost pile with beetroot, compost or Lauberde
  • Cover with spruce or surrounded by reed mats
  • Protect tall shrub roses with a jute or fleece hood
If the winter temperatures persist for a long time in the deep minus range, while the snow cover is missing, drought threatens. In the frozen ground, even the deep-rooted roses do not get water. Therefore, water the plants on a frost-free day.
To cut
With an annual pruning in the late winter, experienced hobby gardeners create their historic shrub roses the most important basis for a vital growth. The beginning of the forsythia blooms gives the signal for the ideal appointment. This is what matters when cutting:
  • Cut off dead or overgrown twigs near the ground
  • Inward or intersecting shoots remove
  • In total, shorten the rose bush by one third, one half or two thirds as needed
  • Make each cut 1-3 mm diagonally above a sleeping eye
During the year cutting work is limited to repeatedly cleaning out withered flowers and leaves. In addition, wild shoots from the pad are immediately torn off with a jerk.
Tip: A radical rejuvenation cut to 2-3 shoots with a length of 30 centimeters does the Parkrose every 4-5 years.
Park roses carry a touch of nostalgia and originality in the garden. These varieties score with the robust resilience of wild roses, paired with the enchanting beauty of 19th-century historical breeds. As a result, the imposing rose bushes are uncomplicated in terms of plants and care. Located in the sunny, profound location, ideally in the sun-warm autumn soil, the course is set for a vital growth. A well-balanced water and nutrient supply as well as an annual pruning in early spring fully meet the requirements.

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