Parsley root: Cultivation and care of healthy root parsley


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Parsley root: Cultivation and care of healthy root parsley: parsley

The root parsley (Petroselinum crispum subsp. Tuberosum) is like the traditional parsley biennial, but in contrast to this also hardy. It grows herbaceous and forms a picky and slightly grooved flower stem in the second year. This can reach a height of up to 90 centimeters and bears yellow-green umbellate blooms, which bloom in June and July. However, not the flowers are the extraordinary thing about this plant, but its tap roots, which it forms in the first year.

General information and special features

The beets are extremely popular in the local kitchen and are characterized by the following characteristics:
  • they are cone-shaped and taper downwards
  • they are 15 to 20 cm long
  • and have a diameter of up to 5 cm
  • yellowish yellow discoloration
  • transverse brown rings
  • white pulp
  • strong, spicy taste
Tip: The parsley root is ideal for seasoning soups or vegetable stews. It can be eaten either as raw food eaten raw or grated in raw salad salads.

The addition

The tuber parsley thrives best in a warm and sunny spot, but it can also handle a partially shaded spot. The substrate should be nutrient and humus rich, as well as deep and calcareous. For the cultivation are best fresh clay soils. Too much compacted or stony soils, however, are not recommended, as these can lead to a deformation of the roots. When growing, it is also important to maintain sufficient crop rotation, because the root parsley is incompatible with itself and other Umbelliferae. It should therefore be sown again at the same place after three years. When choosing neighboring plants, it is also important to note the following:
  • good neighbors: beetroot, spinach, legumes
  • bad neighbors: generally umbelliferae (anise, fennel, dill), lettuce, tarragon
  • good pre-fruits: tomatoes, potatoes, legumes, radishes
  • bad forefeet: coriander, carrots, celery

The sowing

The sowing usually takes place in March or April, because at this time the winter soil moisture can still be exploited. Sown at a later date may be at the expense of the roots. Because these usually fall smaller, which in turn makes noticeable in a lower crop yield. The sowing takes place directly into the vegetable patch, whereby it must be prepared for this.
First, the soil is loosened with the help of a spade or digging fork. After that, larger pieces of earth are crushed and any weeds are removed. Then the floor is smoothed with a rake or a cultivator. Now a layer of compost about one to two centimeters thick is spread on the floor and worked into it. The soil is thus ideally prepared for sowing, which is shaped as follows:
  • Put seeds about 1 to 2 cm deep in the soil
  • Cover with a thin layer of earth and lightly press
  • gently sprinkle with lukewarm water
  • ideally with a fine shower
  • so that the earth is not washed away

Germination of the seeds

The germination period is usually two to four weeks, the germination is very irregular. The optimum conditions are when the soil has a temperature of about 6 degrees and the ambient temperature is between 7 and 20 degrees. To optimally support germination, it is important to note the following:
  • always keep the soil evenly moist
  • best to pour in the morning or in the afternoon
  • if it is too dry, the seeds lose their germination power and do not dissolve
  • repeatedly remove the weeds
  • otherwise this overgrows the seedlings
Tip: Since the seeds germinate irregularly, it is advisable to use radishes as a marker. These germinate very quickly and thus allow the unscrupulous loosening of the earth, without damaging the seedlings.

The care

Parsley root - root parsley

The root parsley is one of the Mittelstarkzehrern and has a correspondingly average nutritional needs. Basic fertilization of the soil before sowing is usually sufficient, especially if legumes have been previously cultivated on the site. Another essential aspect of the care is the regular removal of the weeds, because the root parsley is not very competitive. Although the plant is relatively modest, it has special demands on the water supply. Therefore, when casting, consider the following:
  • watering abundantly, especially in the growth phase
  • This is from the beginning to the middle of June
  • During this time, check the soil for dryness up to a depth of 10 cm
  • however, the soil must not be too wet
  • Waterlogging is to be avoided in any case
  • is poured from below and not over the leaves
  • the best time for this is in the morning
  • because the irrigation water can dry off faster

The harvest

The harvest is usually from October to November, although this is possible throughout the winter. If the root parsley is harvested in the winter months, it is advisable to cover the plant with brushwood or foliage. The harvest of the beets is relatively simple and is as follows:
  • Fanning soil along the row
  • use a digger fork or a spade for this
  • Turn the turnip and the leaves out of the ground
  • roughly rid of the remains of the earth
  • and remove the herb
  • but do not wash the turnip
  • because that affects the durability

Storage and conservation

In principle, the roots can remain in the soil until they are used and can only be dug out when needed. However, if you harvest the beets, you should never wash them, as this will affect the shelf life. Individual specimens are first removed from the foliage by this is turned off. The turnip is now wrapped in a paper and stored in a dark and airy place. The durability of this method is around three weeks. For larger quantities, storage in a box of sand is recommended. This is stored cool, and the temperature must not exceed 2 degrees. This guarantees a shelf life of about 6 months. Another alternative is the so-called Erdmiete: This is Erdloch, in the healthy and undamaged vegetables is stored. Who decides to rent the ground, the best way is as follows:
  • dig out a 30 cm deep pit
  • lay a tight mesh on the bottom and sides
  • this protects against voles
  • then insert a drainage layer
  • suitable for this is gravel or sand
  • lay a layer of straw on top
  • separate the leaves of the beets down to a few heart leaves
  • Distribute roots on the straw
  • Finally, add a 10 cm layer of earth on top
Tip: It is possible to store several layers of vegetables on top of each other!

The wintering

The tuber parsley is hardy and easily copes with the low temperatures in the winter months. Only when it is particularly cold, the plants should be equipped with a winter protection. For this purpose, for example, straw, brushwood or foliage is suitable.

Possible diseases

The health of the plant depends on many factors, because both the active soil life and the available nutrients are essential for this. Likewise, the climatic conditions and the care play an enormous role in terms of the constitution of the root parsley. The health of the plants can also be supported by the planting of good neighbors. Nevertheless, it can happen that the tuber parsley gets sick. The most common diseases include:
magnesium deficiency
  • Symptoms: yellow discoloration on the leaves
  • Action: Add magnesium, for example, rock meal
  • preventive: pour less and allow water drainage
Red leaf discolorations
  • is caused by permanently too high soil moisture
Leaf spot disease (Septoria)
  • is caused by fungi
  • Symptoms: brown, red or yellowish spots on the leaves
  • Action: Remove damaged parts of the plant, but do not compost
  • in large-scale infestation, the entire plant must be destroyed
  • Prevent: sufficient planting distance, professional care (fertilization, casting)
black rot
  • Symptoms: herb turns brown and rots, black spots on the roots
  • Measure: Destroy affected plants
  • preventive: observe crop rotation and avoid nitrogenous fertilization

pests

Parsley root - root parsley

The root parsley is attractive to many pests, whose infestation, however, can usually be warded off or prevented. Aphids, for example, are noticeable by yellowed and curled leaves. However, these can usually be washed away with a sharp jet of water. Small holes in the leaves, however, close to earth fleas. Their larvae also eat the roots, which in particular young plants are threatened.
However, the earth fleas can be expelled relatively simply by sweeping with a broom. Because of the resulting unrest the earth fleas are usually so confused that they can not find their way back. In addition, the infestation of ground fleas can be prevented by a moist soil, as these preferentially appear in dry weather. The tuber parsley is also often visited by this vermin:
carrot fly
  • Symptoms: reddish discolored herb, this dies in a further episode
  • Action: Dispose of affected plants
  • prevent: Cover plants with insect repellent fleece
Root gallbladder (nematodes)
  • Symptoms: reddish discolored leaf margins and yellowing of the leaves
  • Action: Dispose of contaminated plant, do not compost!
  • Prevent: Mixed culture with tomatoes, radish, marigolds, tagetes
Selle Rief chairs
  • Symptoms: silvery spots on leaves, leaves dry
  • Action: Remove the eaten leaves and larvae
  • fertilize with a lime fertilizer
  • Prevent: Mixed culture with cabbage, especially carfiol, broccoli, cabbage
Gierschblattlaus
  • Affects leaves and can transmit viruses
  • Symptoms: leaves turn yellow and curl up
  • Measure: spray potash-based pesticide
  • prevent: administer plant strengthening agent
Conclusion
The root parsley is a relatively frugal plant whose cultivation requires a relatively low care effort. It is also hardy and pleases the hobby gardener all year round with its spicy turnips.

Video Board: Parsley Root Nutrition Facts & Health Benefits.

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