Pulling passion fruit plants - Passiflora edulis


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passion fruit

The fruit maracuja was there first, but the plant passion fruit was discovered rather quickly by the German gardeners - not surprisingly, it is a beautiful climbing plant from the genus of passion flowers. Quick and easy to wear, wonderfully willing to grow, easy to care for, and you only need to visit the nearest supermarket to get to seed:
Cultivation of a passion fruit plant
You can buy passion fruit seeds, but you can also buy them directly from the passion fruit you bought from the fruit grower:
  • If you halve a (yellow or purple, below) passion fruit fruit, you see the 3 - 5 mm, dark seeds distributed throughout the pulp
  • Spoon the pulp from the fruit halves and separate the seeds
  • If the pulp were to remain around the seeds, it would mold during the germination process
  • You can separate pulp and seeds by rubbing the mass between two sheets of kitchen paper (take new paper several times)
  • You can eat the pulp quite rustic, or suck off the seeds, which is much faster
  • These seeds are once again rubbed off as well as possible with or in kitchen paper
  • The remaining adherents are removed by "washing" the seeds in fine dry sand (bird's sand or similar): using your hands in a bowl of sand and seeds, perform washing strokes
  • The sand reliably frees the seeds from the remaining pulp and can be easily rinsed over a sieve of the correct mesh size
  • If you do not want to sow the seed right away, it's easier:
  • Large terry towel spread on a table
  • Separate seeds from the pulp as far as possible when fresh and streak them flat in the center of the towel
  • Allow to dry for a few days to weeks, towel to bag
  • Remove seeds by rubbing the pulp and the dry seed coat
  • Now it can be sown, in loose nutrient-poor Anzuchterde, z. B. in a mixture of Kokoshum and perlite or sand.
  • Dry seeds are soaked in lukewarm water for at least 24 hours
  • Fill plant pots with substrate slightly moistened, lay seeds 1 cm apart and press (do not cover)
  • Cover pots with glass hood or clear plastic film, the increased humidity promotes germination
  • Place in a warm and bright place with temperatures from 25° C to a maximum of 30° C
  • The windowsill, also over the switched on heating, is often not warm enough
  • Check temperature with thermometer, in case of doubt helps a heated greenhouse (from about 40 euros to buy)
  • Keep the substrate slightly damp, but not wet, preferably with a spray bottle
  • The seeds need about 4 weeks to germinate under these conditions, they are colder, it takes longer.
  • If the seedlings are good to grip with their fingers, one to three are planted in a separate plant pot
  • Planting distance at least 5 cm, same substrate as for cultivation
Further care of the Passiflora edulis

passion fruit

The young plants are placed in the brightest location you have to offer. After a short period of habituation, he is also welcome to lie in the full sun all day long, which promotes the development of flowers. During the growing season, the Passiflora edulis likes to stand as warm as possible, until shortly before the first night frosts outdoors. The passion fruit needs a lot of water as a vine plant, in the growing season, the substrate should always be slightly moist. The passion fruit also does not like the passion fruit, because the roots then quickly start to rot. If your water is very hard, allow it to stand well before pouring and repast more often, to calcareous water or as a result calcareous substrate can bring the plant in the long term to enter. About one to two weeks after potting (singling) you can start fertilizing, first very little liquid fertilizer (about a quarter of the recommended amount every week), later depending on the development of the young plant more. When the young plant has completely rooted its pot, it must move into the next larger pot, again in a permeable, rather slightly acidic than basic substrate. Good is z. B. a mixture of loamy garden soil, a little Kokoshum and a lot of perlite.
Maracuja overwinter
The Passiflora edulis starts as a vine plant in their homeland, although on the dark soil with the growth, but has just developed into a climbing plant, because this light on the ground is not enough. All in all, they have such a high light requirement that they are by no means sufficient for our winter light, especially not in the living room, where once again half of the light spectrum and 90% of the already too low light intensity is swallowed by the window glass. Therefore, the passion fruit is sent to us in the winter best in the rest period, in a moderately bright, cool room with temperatures around 5 to 10° C.In the case of clearly limited irrigation (pour only so much that the root just does not dry out) and without fertilizer. If such a cool room is not available for winter accommodation, the passion fruit can also be cultivated in a light and warm location, with very little liquid fertilizer (1/4 of the amount indicated on the package once a month) and rather sparse irrigation.
The Passion Fruit: One of the most popular exotic indoor plants, but not alone in its genus
Indoor plants are always exotic indoor plants, because the houseplants began their careers as an import from foreign countries and as a status symbol on the farm or in the homes of rich citizens. The first plants, brought by the sailors in the Age of Discoveries, were followed by many more from all countries of the world. In the meantime exotic houseplants are being offered in abundance. Which does not mean that each of these exotic indoor plants can survive well in the German climate, many tropical plants thrive in their home under intense equatorial light and at a humidity of more than 90%. They suffer from chronic lack of light (even in summer) and too dry air, pleasant conditions for such plants can only be offered in the greenhouse in this country - if you try this at home, create a climate in the dense turf of molds not will be long in coming. Some exotic plants are much less choosy and therefore have the prospect of a long life in Germany. Of course, these exotic indoor plants are among our most popular exotic plants - who likes to see a plant dying slowly. These rather frugal exotics include many plants that are cultivated in their own homeland by man and bring rich crops, probably the crops are often very robust plants that endure a lot. These are z. As avocado and aloe, fig and pomegranate, orange, other citrus and mango, and just the passion fruit, this is about. Or the passion fruits, whose genus Passiflora comprises more than 500 different species, of which two forms of passion fruits and some other species are cultivated as ornamental plants:
  • Passiflora affinis, North American passion flower, frost-tolerant down to -15° C
  • Passiflora alata, red flowering passionflower or giant granadilla, the flowers are among the most striking of the entire species, houseplant from Brazil
  • Passiflora arida (formerly Passiflora foetida var. Arizonica), passion flower from Arizona and the only species that should bring a significant harvest in Germany, if the plants kept in large containers and get much (artificial) sun, fertilizer and water
  • Passiflora caerula, Blue Passiflora, well-known houseplant whose fruits are considered inedible (edible they would be), frost resistance down to -15° C, can be planted under favorable conditions in the open
  • Passiflora coccinea, red flowering passion flower, popular houseplant with eye-catching bracts
  • passion fruit

    Passiflora edulis forma edulis, purple passion fruit, is self-fertile and produces purplish fruits
  • Passiflora edulis forma flavicarpa, yellow passion fruit, cross-pollination necessary, bears yellow fruit, tolerates cold slightly better than the second passion fruit form, but is less cold-tolerant than P. caerula
  • Passiflora incarnata, North American passion flower, frost-tolerant down to -15° C, climbing plant up to 10 m high, old medicinal plant against insomnia, cramps and restlessness
  • Passiflora ligularis, sweet granadilla, edible fruits, easy to pull, heart-shaped leaves should not be as decorative as those of the other species (viewpoint: tropical.theferns.info/plantimages/82e879c480678f2a56ee69092c27c2eaec150e1d.jpg)
  • Passiflora lindeniana, a small tree growing passionflower from Venezuela
  • Passiflora lutea, North American passion flower, frost-tolerant down to -15° C
  • Passiflora macrophylla, a passionflower growing as a tree with leaves up to one meter in length, comes from Ecuador
  • Passiflora murucuja, red flowering passion flower, small and easy to care for, indoor plant or summer decorations for the garden
  • Passiflora x piresii, Red Passiflora with large flowers, infertile hybrids
  • Passiflora quadrangularis, Giant Granadilla from the West Indies, produces the largest edible fruits
  • Passiflora racemosa, red flowering passionflower from Brazil, popular indoor plant
  • Passiflora tucumanensis, passionflower from the province of Tucumán in Argentina, frost resistance is given as low as -15° C
  • Passiflora × violacea, passionflower (Passiflora) 'Violacea', a hybrid of P. caerulea and P. racemosa, well-known and popular potted plant
  • Passiflora vitifolia, red flowering Passiflora Vine-leaved Passiflora, smells, fronds and blooms bright red, houseplant from Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama
If that's not enough for you: In the 20th century, hundreds of hybrid varieties were bred from all of these Passiflora, which can be purchased via the Internet, at least as a seed.
Conclusion
Passion fruit not only tastes good, but also belongs to the not very numerous plants that can be kept pretty easily in the German living space. Only with the amount of light could it be a bit narrow, but with a plant light over the Passiflora you can even harvest fruits...

Video Board: How to Pollinate Passion Flowers, Tempe Arizona. Passion Fruit Abundance..

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