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A beautiful garden also includes paved paths. Whether curved or straight, made of simple washed concrete or beautiful basalt heads, they not only help to get dry feet through the garden, but also set visual accents.
Who has not once enviously fenced in a garden with a beautiful, paved path? Because craftsmen are expensive and pave a way, goes quickly into the thousands - if you forgive the order. You can also do paving work yourself. What you have to pay attention to when laying paving, which materials you need and what costs you can expect, can be found in this article.
Paving: before starting, in the hardware store
Not everything you need to pave your terrace or your way, you must immediately purchase. Most of the machinery and tools can be rented in the hardware store or construction equipment trade. What you absolutely need for the creation of a way:
- Buckets, spades, shovels, rakes, devices that every garden owner has anyway
- a wheelbarrow
- Spirit level and scraper bar
- Jogger or rammer (borrow at the hardware store)
- Rubber mallet (for knocking the stones, other hammers would leave traces)
- and of course: sand or gravel and stones or concrete slabs! (more on the quantities later)
Exactly, the working song of the 7 dwarfs who drive with pickaxe into the mountain. You do not have to dig so deep to make your way. But you have to operate a bit of civil engineering already. Mark in front of the digging exactly the course of the way with a string. Depending on the use of the way a corresponding substructure must be introduced. If it is a pure walkway, 15-20 cm of gravel under the stones enough. If the road is to be traveled, it must be already 30-40 cm. As a result, the terrain has to be dug out beforehand. An addition depending on the thickness of the stones goes without saying. When laying paving on terraces and driveways, keep in mind that a slight slope in the paving prevents flooding in the adjoining living room or on the way. 5% inclination may already be.
Step by step, stone by stone
What happens then? Begin the paving work like a puzzle: on the edge. First put the curbs just adjusted to the ground along the way. So that nothing slips, the curbs are used in a sand-cement mixture. Take a guide and the spirit level to help with the placement of the stones. It can only be corrected as long as the concrete has not hardened yet. So, if possible, look for each stone, if he sits there, where he should go. Avoid gaps between the curbs.
Now it goes to the first layer of gravel: 15-20 cm may already be it, smooth pull and shake. The shaking is not always done, but it prevents the pavement from sagging the next time it rains. If you work carefully here with the paving, this saves a lot of work afterwards. Otherwise, sagged patches must be picked up again and relocated. On the first layer of gravel is then the laying sand. This is again smoothed out and then compacted.
In the laying sand now finally the stones or plates are inserted. For slabs, the paving work is quite simple. Align the plate with the edge and tap it with the rubber hammer. Now put them in rows, row by row, like laminate. So is not worked on shock and the optics does not suffer from long joints.
The paving with stones can be challenging. If you have chosen an extravagant pattern, then the paving work must be aligned after this. Especially stars or crosses can be a real challenge. It is simpler, of course, with monochrome stones without pattern. They can be placed in rows, as well as the plates, and that gives a beautiful, even pattern.
If everything is there, where it should go, it will shake again. The stones sink about 2 cm deep in the ground. In order to fill the joints between the slabs, fine-grained sand is first filled in, then slurried (yes, missing in the list above, watering can or water hose). Make sure that the sand is washed in and not washed out again.
And what does self-paving cost?
Suppose, as ambitious laymen, we want to build a small path of 5 meters in length from the house to the garden pavilion. This should be 1 m wide, since no encounter traffic is expected here. So the example calculation (without guarantee) for 1 m x 5 m = 5 sqm:
- for the first layer gravel: 5sqm x 0.15m = 0.75 cubic meters
- for the laying sand: 5sqm x 0.05m = 0.25 cubic meters
- Curbs: there are of course in different versions; at 1 meter length per side 5, so a total of 10 pieces
- Pavement: depending on the thickness of the curbs, at 8 cm thickness remain 84 cm away from the way, so: 5m x 0.84 m = 4.2 sqm, but expect as the tiles put some waste with a.
The whole thing with current prices:
- Gravel, grain size 0/32, 0.75 cubic meters ~ 1.2 t = about 7 euros
- Laying sand, grain size 0/5 ~ 0.38 t = approx. 3 Euro
- Slime sand: about 4 euros
- Paving stones: Rectangular plaster, brown, 11,75 Euro / sqm at 4,5 sqm = 53 Euro
- Curbs: per piece. 2-3 Euro = 20-30 Euro for the way
- Sack garden and landscaping: 6,75 Euro
Those who have not yet had the courage to make paving can now figure out what he needs for his paving work. To tell the others, paving is not as difficult as it sounds here and there. Of course, there are specialists who are happy to take care of their paving work.
Craftsman prices for paving
Basically, it depends on the calculation of the costs of paving or paving on whether only the pure working time is charged or whether the operation also provides the material and of course also charged. The craftsman prices are 16 at 20 euros per square meter for the installation of natural stones and small paving. When laying concrete blocks, a price of six to 12 euros is expected. Here only the pure price of the installation, without the material, is included. In addition, usually for the substructure for work including material 200 to 350 euros due. Of course, the price for the materials comes at this cost. For example, simple concrete blocks cost between € 8 and € 20 per square meter, and high-quality concrete blocks cost between € 17 and € 32.
Cast stone is to be considered as an industrial mass product considering the pure production costs in the lower price segment. However, high-density concrete block is not so cheap and is sometimes even higher than the price of natural stones.
The cost of natural stones are u.a. depending on the format, the extraction and processing ability, and especially the skill of the seller. A disadvantage of the natural stone market is the lack of transparency, because from the price of a natural stone no quality can be derived. Thus, a single consideration of the technical data must be made taking into account the requirement profile and the personal taste. The cost of natural stones in paving construction thus vary between 14 and 80 euros per square meter.
It is important to look at a cost estimate, which work is carried out in detail. High prices often cause benefits from all types of edging such as curbs, curbs, basement lines and natural stone edging.
Additional area sealing
Some craft shops offer a Flächenentsiegelung. Here, a distinction is made between two plaster variants: the open-pored paving stones and the open-paving paving stones. Through the stone or through the joints, the accumulating rainwater can be returned to the natural water cycle. The cost of these stones or the laying method are usually much higher than in a conventional plaster, which is due to the special demands on the base layer and the paving material. However, such an investment in paving or paving usually pays for itself within a few years by saving wastewater charges.