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The pear tree is one of the classics among the fruit trees and must not be missing in any garden. Here's why it explains how it is planted and cared for.
The pear is one of the European cultivated trees, but is also native to Asia and North Africa and is a pome fruit plant. Their mostly sweetish fruits are very popular and are processed in many ways, e.g. on cake, as compote and jam, to liqueurs, etc. (Reading tip: Homemade gifts from the garden: 9 ideas presented)
In general, the pear varieties can be divided into early and late Fruchtreifen, which is why people often speak of summer and autumn pears. Among the precocious, poorly storable varieties include the yellow and red Williams Christ, the colorful Julian pear and the early morning of Trevoux. The well-stocked, late-ripe pear varieties include the Countess of Paris, Gellert's Butterbirne, Good Louise, Pastorenbirne, Condo and the Alexander Lucas. But duo pear trees are also becoming increasingly popular. This means that two species grow on a pear tree, such as Good Louise and Conference.
No matter which variety you have decided to grow and maintain, you should do this as described below.
Plant pear tree
When planting, you should be aware that many pear trees prefer a partially shaded, dry as possible, preferably also loamy location. A so-called support pile thereby promotes a straight tree growth. Simply hammer up to three plant supports around the pear tree into the ground without damaging the roots. Tie the tree evenly to the supports with a sisal pack (knit).
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Meanwhile, pear trees are even used as potted plants, e.g. for a large balcony, offered. These dwarf pear trees or pillars must be supplied with fertilizer on a regular basis. Very young plants also need light winter protection in the first year or two, for example in the form of a fleece jacket or straw mats.
Maintain pear tree properly
Pear trees are very easy to care for and robust. Only animals and the pear grid can sometimes attack the sweet fruit, which, however, is usually of little importance.
When planting (in the planting hole), pear trees should provide you with plenty of compost, which makes growth much easier. Fertilizing the trees is basically not necessary in later years. However, you may from time to time incorporate some animal manure or compost around the tree.
If you have planted a pear tree fresh, you must water it sufficiently in the first growth phase. In the following years, rainwater is usually sufficient for it to thrive. During long dry periods, e.g. In summer, you should water the root area of the pear tree by hand.
The pear tree is one of the fruit trees and must therefore be regularly cut back to then get back to a fruitful harvest. For this, it is advisable to visit a fruit tree cutting course, which is offered in many garden shops or at gardening associations.
The ideal time for a pear tree incision (main section) is usually described from late February to early March. However, even in late autumn, a first pruning of the fruit tree can be done, in which you should remove especially sick, old and damaged branches.
The pear fruits are usually harvested in late summer, when they can be easily picked from the tree. Unripe fruits may ripen in the fruit bowl. Special storage pears can be kept in a cool room (for example, in the basement) for several months after harvesting. (Reading tip: recycle fall fruit - 4 tips)