Pelargonium - popular varieties, care and tips for wintering

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Geranium - Pelargonium pelargonium

Propagation by cuttings is an easy and quick way to get new plants. However, the mother plant should be strong and healthy so as not to unnecessarily burden it. After a few weeks, the first roots usually form, then the cuttings can be individually moved into a planter and gradually poured more. When raising cuttings in autumn, they should be kept in a cool, but frost-free place. Keep the plant substrate much drier than cuttings in spring. At the beginning of spring, the young plants again brighter and warmer, after the last late frosts move outside.
  • Both in spring and autumn possible
  • Cut cuttings below the leaf node
  • Approximately 5-10 cm long, without flower bud
  • Remove lower leaves, flower stalks and buds
  • Get above 2-3 leaves
  • Put cuttings about 2 cm deep in potting soil
  • Ample space for neighbors
  • Carefully press substrate and pour lightly on
  • To begin with, keep the soil moderately moist
  • Ideal is bright east and west windows as location
  • Avoid direct sunlight
  • Overwinter at 5-10° C


In the case of perennial pelargoniums, a division of the mother plant is possible, but only if it has a healthy and strong growth.
  • Share about every 4-5 years
  • Perform in April, before the start of the shoot
  • Remove substrate and gently split root
  • Replant sections with sufficient distance
  • Water regularly, but not overly
Pelargoniums are extremely versatile and offer plenty of variety in flowering, leaves and growth habit. The varieties can be subdivided into different groups, which are defined by certain properties:

Erectly growing geraniums

Geranium - Pelargonium pelargonium

The upright varieties produce fleshy leaves, with slightly hairy stems. The stature height is up to 35 cm and the flowers seduce in a true form and color.
  • Form half filled and fully filled flowers
  • Bloom in pink, purple, white, plus orange, red and pink
  • Grandeur Light Pink Splash
  • Colorful graffiti varieties
  • Stellar varieties with star-shaped flowers

Hanging geraniums

Hanging geraniums are ideal for window boxes and hanging baskets, they can be up to 1.50 m long. These pelargoniums have self-cleaning properties, meaning that faded parts of plants fall off by themselves and do not need to be removed by hand.
  • Grow strong
  • Cascade varieties
  • Ville de Paris

scented geraniums

The leaves of the fragrant geranium exude a pleasant-spicy fragrance, which can vary greatly depending on the variety. With these intense fragrances mosquitoes and wasps can be driven away. The stature height can be up to 40 cm, the flowers are either one or two-colored. However, these are quite small and play a minor role in the Duftgeranien.
  • Chocolate Peppermint smells like chocolate
  • Queen of Lemons seduces with lemon fragrance
  • Purple Unique has a flavor of wine gums
  • Bourbon smells pleasantly of roses
  • Lady Plymouth beguiles with peppermint scent
  • Orsett is peppery-lemony
  • Leaves are suitable for flavoring drinks and food

Leaf jewelry geranium

These varieties enchant with their eye-catching and colorful leaf drawings. The stature heights are between 20-30 cm.
  • White, yellow or green leaf decoration
  • Robust Pelgardini varieties

precious geraniums

The noble geraniums are usually cultivated for the keeping of the house, ideal is a bright location with year-round warm temperatures. The growth is upright and compact, the leaves are jagged on the edge.
  • Clarion Violet flowers in bright pink with a dark eye
  • Velvet Red in velvety purple violet

Diseases & pests

Geranium - Pelargonium pelargonium

With care mistakes, the geraniums become much more susceptible to diseases and pests. The causes of diseases often include permanently wet leaves. As a precautionary measure, always water the plants from below and not directly over the leaves. Extremely cool weather, a persistent lack of light and excessive fertilization also weaken the pelargonium's immune system. Pests can be combated with environmentally friendly home remedies, however, the treatment must be repeated often because they can be very persistent. If it has come to a particularly strong infestation, then the affected parts of plants are completely removed. Otherwise, the pests spread extremely fast and infest in the worst case, the neighboring plants.
  • Susceptible to aphids, thrips and whiteflies
  • Wash pests with rinsing lye
  • Lye must not get onto the substrate
  • Cover earth with foil
  • Susceptible to pelargonium rust, an infectious fungal disease
  • There are brown spots on the top of the leaves
  • On the undersides of the leaves there are brown-yellow discolored pustules
  • Dispose of infected plants, these are beyond saving
  • Gray horse can not be fought either
  • Gray-black spots form
  • In addition a gray mushroom lawn
  • Immediately remove affected parts of plants at the initial stage
  • Bactus wilt is manifested by oily stains on leaves
  • Diseased leaves wither, turn black and die
  • Same procedure as for the other diseases


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