Pennywort, lysimachia - plants, care and propagation

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Pennywort - Lysimachia

The Pfennigkraut or even Münzkraut gets its name due to the coin-like round yellow flowers that bloom between the rich green leaves. It combines aesthetics and benefits and is easy to plant and maintain. Whether hobby gardener or garden professional, this plant is suitable for everyone.

General information

  • Genus: Lysimachia, also called Gilbweiderich
  • Family: Primrose Family
  • Subfamily: Myrsinengewächse
  • native to Europe and Asia, as an ornamental plant worldwide
  • The herb is in bloom from May to July.
  • thin creeping stems, green leaves, bright yellow flowers

The right location

The ground cover plant allows flexibility in the location. From the open space to the flower box, it can be worn. Simple lawns are spiced up by the green of the leaves and the bright yellow flowers. Also as highlights in planters and the ornament of the balcony, the pennywort is welcome. Decisive is the soil condition. The basic requirement is a nutrient-rich, fresh and clayey soil with a sufficient amount of moisture. Therefore, the plant feels in close proximity to waters, for example, at the edge of the pond, particularly well.
On the water it ensures a regulated nutrient balance. The propagation of the remaining plant species is contained. The herb is also used for ornamentation in smaller and larger aquariums.
Further notes about the location:
  • Partial shade or shade
  • sunny location only with intensive irrigation, especially for use as a balcony plant
  • Can only be used in aquaria with a water temperature of up to 25 degrees, the plant grows over the surface of the water please back down
  • In aquariums it grows vertically and up to 40 centimeters high.

Sowing and planting

The herb is available all year round in all garden centers except the first two months, and in proportion to fertility is a pretty cheap plant.
Pennywort multiplies by division. It reaches a height of 5 centimeters and 50 centimeters long foothills. Planting is best done in the fall or spring. The individual plants are buried, slightly pressed and poured. Depending on the location later, the further irrigation takes place.
After planting, the plant sinks a bit further into the soil, so do not use too much sparingly with the addition of soil and, if necessary, replenish it once more. It can be fertilized, but it is not mandatory. For planting in one area, around 5, maximum 10 plants per square meter are used. The plant is usually compatible with other plants. If not, targeted containment is possible. If this is desired from the outset, it is best to start early, as pennywort proliferates rather quickly. The growth is creeping and the plant spreads like a carpet on the floor.

The breeding

Pennywort - Lysimachia

Propagation of the plant is very easy as it does most of the work by itself. There are two different varieties for the breeding of the mint. When propagating, at least one shoot plant and a sufficient amount of root system and leaves must be present. For this purpose, individual extensions are carefully excavated without damaging the root itself. Then it can be divided carefully under just mentioned conditions. The separation should take place on young root shoots, not on already fully developed root growth. Usually, the plant is rather wich and can be pulled apart by hand. If it is too firm, the split is done with a spade, a small hoe or a knife.
A lighter variant is to cut off individual shoots and move them into the prepared soil. For this, those with very long stems are best selected.

The best care

The herb is very resistant compared to other plants and attracts neither pests nor diseases. Blooming and decay results only from a wrong or inadequate care, ie undersupply of the water balance. Visually, this is visible through a brownish discoloration and drying of flowers and leaves.
The care only requires sufficient irrigation, which depends on the lighting conditions of the location and the soil conditions. An extra fertilization is not required. With a rapid spread, especially if the plant thrives alongside other plants, pruning is recommended.
Other rules for care:
  • Fertilize (if at all) with some compost in spring or immediately after planting.
  • Possible pruning of individual stems, sufficient for dammed growth, autumn to late autumn

Safe through the winter

As an evergreen plant, the mint is hardy and winterproof. Like the rest of the care, hibernation does not require any special measures.
Caution is advised only at the nearest relatives of Felberichs.These may require extra frost protection.
Since the perennial shrubs have their origins in the temperate zones of Europe and Asia, our cold can not harm them much. Hibernate hibernate is very easy. The plant simply stays in its original place. Most foliage even retains its green color during cold times. Even in the bucket, which remains outdoors in winter, the pennywort can overwinter.
If you are looking for a fast-growing groundcover, then you are right with the pennywort. However, the otherwise undemanding plant needs a lot of water.

Use as a medicinal plant

Although the healing power of the mint is very controversial, it is used in some health conditions, as it contains, for example, silica. This is attributed a binding and anti-inflammatory effect. In particular, gastrointestinal problems, such as diarrhea complaints, are among the conditions treatable by pennywort. It is also used as an aid in rheumatic phenomena. The use takes place in dried form and is brewed as tea, for example. A small amount is enough to make a brew. When wound healing, it is used as an envelope boiled and thus accelerate the healing process.
Alleged healing properties:
  • Relief of pain, for example, spasms in the gastrointestinal area
  • antiseptic, wound healing and anti-inflammatory action

Care Tips

The term pennywort is deceptive. If you suspect that this plant is a cheap or even old-fashioned plant, you are mistaken. Perhaps the herb should be redecorated in Centkraut for this reason?
The name of the crop is due to the similarity of the leaves with coins. They are just as round, but in good conditions they are more like the size of a 2-euro piece.

Pennywort - Lysimachia

As a location for good growth is suitable for the penny both the outdoor and the container planting. Prerequisite is a nutrient-rich soil and enough moisture. Particularly suitable are edge zones on ponds and watercourses. The herb reaches a height of about 5 cm, the individual foothills are up to about 50 cm long. Pfennigkraut grows as lawn replacement and covers the soil in a short time completely. Not too often occurring entering is without damage. At the plant node, roots form, which firmly anchor themselves to the soil over time. So the penny weed conquers new territory. If the space is limited, the industriously growing herb will eventually have to be stopped.
Streams that already have roots can easily be planted elsewhere. The glorious bright flowers appear in May and June, sometimes even into July. Pennywort also thrives well in a sunny spot when constant irrigation is assured. In a prolonged drought leaves quickly turn brown or the plant dies completely. Ideal is a half-shady place for the pennywort, complete shade is also tolerated.
Pfennigkraut is also wonderful as a pot planting. The long shoots then hang down very decorative on the edge. Even in window boxes Pfennigkraut thrives with good care. Here, however, care must be taken to ensure adequate irrigation.
Even with aquarium and terrarium friends, the pennywort is popular. Outdoors, long foothills near the pond continue to grow easily in the water. It is just as easy with Pfennigkraut care within a water tank. It does not matter if the leaves are totally in the water or not, the main thing is that the roots have a reason to hold on to them and enough light is available. The leaves provide a rich, colorful contrast with their rich green and filter nutrients from the water that otherwise promote algae growth. The temperature in the aquarium should not be higher than 25° C.

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