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Peonies - also called peonies - are undoubtedly among the most popular spring bloomers with their large flowers. The large-flowered beauties are available as perennials (for example the paeonia peony Paeonia officinalis) or shrubs (for example Paeonia suffruticosa hybrids). In order to enjoy years of lush flowers, there are a few important rules to consider when planting.
Paeonia suffruticosa - one of the most beautiful shrub peonies
Location and soil claims
Peonies prefer deep, sandy loam soil in full sun. At best, at noon, the location may be shaded a bit. Choose the location wisely, as shrub peonies can grow up to two meters tall and do not tolerate transplanting. If possible, you should not transplant perennial peonies either, because they are very durable even without regular division and become more beautiful every year.
Compost and bark mulch should be used sparingly. Avoid loamy soils best, because a high humus content promotes fungal diseases, especially in perennials. If the soil is very sandy, it is advisable to work in addition to a bit of compost, especially clay or bentonite. The soil must also be very permeable, as peonies are sensitive to stagnation.
Plant perennial peonies
Perennials peonies should not be planted too deep, otherwise they will not bloom
Young perennial peonies should be planted at least one meter away, because the perennials can grow rather broadly with age. Pick up about 40-centimeter-diameter planting hole that is about to go ground and improve the excavation with plenty of bentonite and some compost if necessary. At the bottom you should fill in the risk of waterlogging about five to ten centimeters high layer of expanded clay. Finally, shovel in a bit of excavated material and finally place the perennial peony flat in the planting hole. For root-bare perennials, you should shorten the long roots a little with pruning shears, so that they do not bend when inserted. The red buds may be covered with earth no more than three centimeters high. If planted too deeply, there is a risk that the perennial peony will only produce leaves for years and not a single flower. Tip: Slurry the ready-planted perennial peony well with water and pull it up a bit if it sinks too far into the planting hole with the soil. Then refill the planting hole with additional soil. Finally, you should mark the location of the new plant with a rod, as it is otherwise hardly recognizable in winter.
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Plant perennial peonies
Choose a sunny to slightly shady spot. Avoid the proximity of other high-growth perennials, as these will overgrow the slow-growing peonies. First, dig out a sufficiently deep planting hole with the spade and loosen up the bottom of the planting hole well
Deep clay soils are ideal for peonies. You can incorporate some sand or expanded clay in the planting hole to increase the permeability
Drain the perennials and place them in the planting hole as deep as they used to be in the pot. If the perennial peony is planted too deep, there is a risk that it only leaves for years and not a single flower
Finally, press the soil well and water well. As soon as the foliage turns yellowish brown in autumn, the shrubbery is cut off a hand's breadth above the ground. Once the plant has established itself at its new location, it can stay there for decades
Plant shrub peonies
Shrub peonies are used very deep and as slightly as possible
In the propagation of shrub-peony varieties, the precious rice are grafted on root pieces of wild perennial peony (Paeonia lactiflora) and cultivated in the pot for one to two years until sale. Although the precious rice grows with the root of the perennial, but this connection is not permanent, because it is a so-called nurse-refinement: The root of the Perennial Peony supplies the peony of the shrub peony only a few years, until this formed its own roots Has. As soon as the shrub peony no longer needs the perennial root, it is repelled.
This little excursion into the propagation technique is intended to illustrate the essential difference in the planting: Shrub peonies must be used so deeply that the precious rice is covered with soil at least 10 to 15 centimeters - only then it can form its own roots. Too tall plants begin to take care of after a short time and make hardly any increase. The second difference in the planting of perennial and shrub peonies is the oblique insertion of the young plants.This little trick makes the shrub peonies form more main shoots and thus grow a little bushier. To neighboring peonies you should keep about two meters planting distance.