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Peppermint grows very well in Central European gardens. The herb is not as demanding as it may be humid and airy, does not necessarily need a sunny spot and is just as satisfied with fertilizers as with naturally nutrient-rich soil in the field. Winterfest and throughout the year by division to multiply, the peppermint is very easy to keep. Only the expansive behavior of the plants bothers some hobby gardeners - if you do not block the peppermint, you soon only have peppermint in the garden. The herb can be dried and used fresh, is quite fine as a tea, seasoning and decoration.
Location and light
Peppermint does not like sunny weather, it prefers a semi-sunny spot or a place with lots of shade. The plants need a lot of air because they like moist soil. It does not rain or rain, as long as the leaves dry well in the fresh breeze and do not stay wet for long. The latter leads to rot. If the peppermint is kept in the tub, the location should also be chosen accordingly - on the balcony, on the terrace, in the conservatory and on the windowsill, the plant needs no blazing sun, but she likes the soft sun in the morning and in the evening. Removals can be handled easily, so it can be brought indoors in cool weather or extremely hot weather without being damaged.
Peppermint needs nutrients, on poor soil the plant does not thrive so well. Too much fertilizer is not good either. In the field, a nutrient-rich mixed soil is optimal, in the bucket or pot the peppermint wants to be occasionally (sparingly) fertilized. The soil should be moist, but not muddy, waterlogging is not good. A humus-rich soil, sandy or slightly loamy soil is fine. In the bucket or pot a lot of soil (herbal soil is well suited) must be present, because peppermint grows fast and likes to take up a lot of space. In the field, this can be annoying - if growth is not contained, all neighboring plants are quickly displaced. In pots and pails, it means that the peppermint is repotted every year and possibly shared, otherwise they simply sprout shoots over the pot and look for a new home in neighboring pots. In the field, this can be prevented with a root barrier.
Neighboring plants - good and bad conditions
Peppermint works well with other mintwort in the neighborhood. Since the plants of this group are all very expansive and like to conquer new territories, they keep each other in check. Chamomile and peppermint, on the other hand, should never sit side by side, they are not compatible.
In the pot as in the field, the peppermint is transplanted every two to five years to regenerate the soil. The soil in which the peppermint has sat should not be used for labiates for the next four or five years, even in the field. If the peppermint is to be propagated while transplanting, this can be done by simply dividing the plants.
Propagation - parts or cuttings
Peppermint is very easy to propagate, even without seeds. The plant can be easily shared year-round, this is just like that or when transplanting. It grows easily at the new site, and there are usually no problems even with split plants. However, cuttings are only used in spring.
Pouring and fertilizing
On warm summer days, the peppermint must be poured in the field. The plants need moisture, not only in the soil, but also on the leaves. There should always be enough moisture in the pot and bucket. However, the peppermint does not like waterlogging, and permanently moist leaves lead to rot.
Peppermint does not need to be fertilized often, it does not need strong nutrient-rich soils. Occasional fertilizer gifts are therefore sufficient. Since the peppermint is a culinary herb and consumed or brewed as tea, an organic fertilizer is advised. Horn shavings, natural guano (also available in organic quality) or nettle juts are quite well suited. However, may not be overfertilized.
In the pot and in the bucket the peppermint needs a drainage layer in the soil, so that excess moisture can run off. That's something you have to think about when potting. This is also important in propagation and repotting.
Winter cut and wintering
In autumn, the peppermint is cut close to the ground, stems and leaves are almost completely removed. This second "harvest" does not have to be thrown away but can be dried in an airy place away from direct sunlight and used for infusion drinks. The plants are generally winter proof and do not need to be taken indoors. But if the winter gets too rough, the pots and tubs can be put in a cool room.It is important that the peppermint is not warm in winter, the plants need the winter rest period. In the field, the plants can be covered with gauze or fleece on particularly frosty days, but as a rule this is not necessary. Pots and tubs can be wrapped with bubble wrap, placed on a polystyrene plate and covered with fleece.
Pruning and harvesting
Like all mint species, peppermint likes to grow on the whole garden if it has no root barrier. In spring and summer, before flowering in any case, the leaves of the herb are very aromatic and can be used in a pruning in the kitchen. For this purpose, individual shoots are cut directly above a pair of leaves, or the whole shoot is cut off close to the ground. If the plant is already too large, the shoot can be taken out of the ground together with the root. However, the root can not be used in the kitchen.
My personal tip: Even if it is practical in the garden to keep the labiates something in check: planting different mint varieties next to each other is not so clever. Because varieties such as chocolate mint, apple mint, Moroccan mint and peppermint (these are the main types) taste quite different. Grow the plants immediately next to each other, they intersect, are no longer distinguishable, and of course the taste mixes too. If you value the variety of taste, keep the plants in the garden strictly separated.
Frequently asked questions
- How to multiply the peppermint? - You can buy seeds and sow in spring, even in the field. Peppermint is a light germ, so the seeds are only pressed on the loose soil, not covered with earth. Otherwise, peppermint can be propagated by division and by cuttings.
- What to do if the leaves become spotty? - Peppermint is not as susceptible to diseases and pests, but if it is too moist, make fungal diseases wide. In this case, it helps to transplant the plant to a very breezy location, making sure that it is moist but not wet. Hairy leaf martens are less prone to disease than other species.
- How do you get cuttings? - In early summer, the very strong new shoots can easily be cut off - these are ideal cuttings. They should be about 15 cm long. The lower leaves are removed, the cuttings are in moist, sandy soil and may not, until they have rooted, in the blazing sun.
Cultivation in the garden
- Peppermint should be planted in a humus-rich area that is neither wet nor dehydrated.
- It is also very important that this spot is kept weed-free, as the peppermint plant builds a dense root system with very shallow roots.
- The chosen spot should also be in partial shade, but the peppermint plant has no other requirements.
- In the peppermint plant, the leaves and shoot tips can be harvested immediately after detection.
- However, the time before flowering is the most productive harvest time.
- peppermint tea
- Season to sauces and salads
- Natural remedy for abdominal pain and stomach discomfort
Peppermint as a medicinal plant?
The peppermint as "medicinal plant of the year 2004" can not only do good for your stomach. This Mentha piperita has a pungent taste (that is why it is also called "pepper" mint), which testifies to a particularly high menthol content. The essential oil is the essential ingredient, and it contains tannins, flavonoids and other substances that give the complex a warm, antispasmodic, antimicrobial and antiviral effect.
This peppermint is ideal for use against a whole series of complaints: The essential oil is praised as a soothing rubbing in migraine, headaches and nerve pain in colds the steam bath for inhalation added (the subjectively perceived cooling effect should be the gain, actually decongestant Mint has no effect), to stimulate bile flow and bile production, to help with virtually any problem in the digestive tract and even anti-inflammatory effect. The active ingredients also provide a slightly soothing effect, which is why the peppermint is found in nerve-calming and sleep-promoting teas, and as a bath additive they should cleanse the skin. Caution should be exercised in people who suffer from heartburn with strong acid reflux, which could be enhanced by peppermint. Even infants and toddlers should be kept in moderation with the strong-smelling essential oil in contact.
Caution: Peppermint tends to seize power in the garden
The mint is not only sturdy and easy to care for, but also a veritable dissemination artist: all mints like to develop subterranean root sprouts, so if it suits the ground, the mint could colonize more and more parts of your garden with unrestricted propagation over time.
But if you like this tendency to spread, because there is more and more to harvest in your garden without any work, you do not have to limit yourself to Mentha piperita: There are many types of mints, orange mint, lemon mint, basil mint, strawberry mint, spearmint mint and Japanese mint and more, all of which have their material and flavor characteristics.