The Content Of The Article:
- Pour peppermint and fertilize
- Harvest and cut back peppermint
- Overwinter peppermint
- Treat peppermint rust
Peppermint is easy to grow, but still needs some care. Only if you water it properly, fertilize it, cut it back and hibernate it thrives magnificently.The peppermint (Mentha × piperita) is not only delicious, but also easy to cultivate. However, it only thrives splendidly if you properly cultivate the popular medicinal and spice plant. For a careful treatment, the peppermint will then thank you with a rich harvest of wonderfully fresh, aromatic leaves. You can then make delicious teas or scented bags. Of course, but also food can be wonderfully round off with it.
Pour peppermint and fertilize
Peppermint appreciates loose, moist soils in bright locations. With short drying times, the plants get along well. However, you should definitely prevent persistent drought. Therefore, pour your peppermint regularly at intervals of a few days. In summer, the peppermint needs daily and in dry heat over 30° C twice daily water. Moisture deficiency can be quickly detected on hanging leaves, which then rise up again just as quickly after casting.
If your peppermint grows in humus-rich garden soil, you can do without additional fertilizer. Lean soils can be optimally supplemented with mature compost soil and horn shavings. When cultivating in the tub, it is advisable to enrich the substrate regularly or to replace it completely.
Harvest and cut back peppermint
The leaves and shoots of peppermint can be harvested throughout the growing season. It's best to only cut off as much as you need. If you want to stock up for the winter, you can also dry the peppermint. But then you have to know that part of the flavor is lost.
In order to optimally maintain the healthy growth of peppermint, you must cut back the plant at least once, but better twice a year. The best times are early spring and August immediately after flowering. In addition to the pruning, prick off all the side shoots of the plant, which is quite spreading, with a spade.
Peppermint is one of the winter hardy mints, which survive even severe frost mostly unscathed. If you want to be on the safe side in case of extremely low temperatures, cover the plants with a layer of brushwood in late autumn. The branches of coniferous trees such as fir or spruce are very suitable for this.
Treat peppermint rust
The fungus Puccinia menthae is one of the few pests that are often dangerous to peppermint. The infestation is called peppermint rust and can be recognized by spotted leaves and thickened or dried shoots. Immediately cut a diseased peppermint to the bottom and pour it over a bowl of horsetail for several days. If the new shoots and leaves continue to show symptoms, you must remove the plant to protect neighboring plants and their roots.