Phlox - Phlox

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Type / Family: Perennial. Belongs to the family of the Sperrkraut or Himmelsleitergewächse (Polemoniaceae)
Maintenance: Medium. Delicate perennial that wants to be cared for
Foliage: Narrow egg-shaped in fresh green. For some varieties rather needle-like. From the bottom already densely leafy
Growth: Taut upright, Horst growth
Height / width: 10 to 150cm high and on average 50 to 60cm wide
Location: Sunny to partially shaded, species-dependent. Nutrient and humus rich, well drained, deep, moist soil (see location and soil conditions below)
Planting time: cold germ. Best planting time is the fall. Many species and varieties can be grown from seed in the field from March to May. Germination duration 15-25 days at 18-25 degrees Celsius
Cut: pruning of 1/3 of the shoots in June prolongs flowering time. In late autumn or better in the spring before re-emergence near-ground pruning
Partner: Beautiful in Tuffs with several Phlox species
Propagation: division in the fall. Cutting cuttings in spring. Sow yourself at suitable locations quickly, when the blooming is left standing. This, however, rapid displacement of the originally planted noble varieties
Care: Apply compost in spring and organic fertilizer in April or use as an alternative long-term fertilizer. Requires watering on hot dry days, soil should not dry out
Wintering: Requires winter protection in rough areas. Should be protected against frosts (frosts without snow)
Illnesses / diseases:
If the shoots are deformed and / or grow bad, mostly nematodes are guilty. Remove infected shoots immediately and plant tagetes to protect against soil organisms
Is prone to mildew in wet summers (especially some varieties). Since this fungal disease is difficult to get a grip on, you should separate yourself from the vulnerable varieties better. When watering do not pour over the leaves
Wildart comes from North-East-America
He was elected perennial of the year 2006 by the Bund Deutscher Staudengärtner
In white and pink popular butterfly and bee pasture, also very popular with moths
In the trade mostly hybrids are to be found
Can be cut well for the vase (see cut flowers below)
Also suitable for container planting
Extra tip: Carefully detach individual flowers from the inflorescence and suck the sweet nectar at the base (as with lilac blossoms)
Species (selection from over 60 species)
Big phlox
See the species High Perennial Phlox below
Great perennial phlox
See the species High Perennial Phlox below
High Perennial Phlox (Phlox paniculata)
Often also offered only as perennial phlox, as a large phlox or as a large perennial phlox. Best known and most popular classic. Height 30-120cm. Flowers from June to October in white, red, purple or pink. Tolerates sunny or partially shaded location
Moss Phlox Carpet Phlox - Polster Phlox - Dwarf Phlox (Phlox subulata)
Height 10-15cm. Flowers from April to June with many small star-shaped flowers in purple, white, red or pink. Wintergreen. Needle-shaped, small, stiff, rich green leaves. Ground cover, which forms quickly broad and flat upholstery. Like sunny with a bit of sandy bottom. Flowers in partial shade later and shorter. Is native to North America. Good for the rock garden, as a roof garden planting or bed enclosure. Can hide wall edges by overgrowth nicely
Summer phlox (Phlox x arendsii, Phlox drummondii)
Flowers from June to July. Often offered as seed
Perennial phlox
See the species High Perennial Phlox above
Carpet Phlox
See above the species moss phlox
Forest phlox (Phlox divaricata)
Height 40cm. Blooms from April to June in blue-violet or white. Likes half shady location. Compatible with sufficient soil moisture and full sun
Meadow phlox (Phlox maculata)
Height 80-150cm. Prefers sunny location, but also copes with partial shade
Varieties (selection)
'Aida: High Perennial Phlox. Height 90cm. Blooms in purple-red
'Alpha: meadow phlox. Height 150cm. Bloom from June to September in purple-pink
'Amethyst: High Perennial Phlox. Height 80-120cm. Blooms from June to August with intense violet-colored flowers with a slight light purple color
'Blue Paradise: High Perennial Phlox. Height 100cm. Newer hybrid breeding with striking blue flowers
'Brilliant: very fragrant
Candy Stripes: Moss Phlox. Very nice white-pink striped flowers
Cinderella: Very fragrant
'Clouds of Perfume: Forest Phlox. Height 40cm. Blue-violet flowers with a strong pleasant smell
'David: High Perennial Phlox. Height 50cm. Impressed from July to September with exceptionally large flowers in pure white
'Village joy: very fragrant
'Emeralda Cushion Blue: Moss Phlox. Particularly rich flowering variety with bright purple flowers
Eva Foerster: Very fragrant
'Countess of Schwerin: Very fragrant
'Höhnau: Very fragrant
'High Song: High Perennial Phlox. Blossom from August to September in white
Caroline: Very fragrant
Country wedding: height 120-140cm. Coming with pink flowers in which a red eye sits
Laura: Tall Perennial Phlox. Height 80cm. Bloom from June to September in dark pink with white eye
'Lilac Flame®: height 30-40cm. Blooms from July to September in dark pink-purple with star-shaped white center. Very fragrant
'Omega: meadow phlox. Height 80cm Bloom from July to August in white-red
'Orange: High Perennial Phlox. Height 80-140cm. Remarkable by flowers in bright bright orange
'Pallas Athena: Very fragrant
'Pax: High Perennial Phlox. Height 90cm. Pure white flowering variety
Peppermint Twist: High Perennial Phlox. Newer variety. Height 50-80cm. Blooms from July to September with pink and white striped flowers. Slightly fragrant
'Pink Pom: See below the variety' Pink Pong
'Ping Pong: High Perennial Phlox. Also called 'Pink Pom'. Height 80cm. Blooms from July to September with bright pink flowers and darker, pink center
'Purple Dome: Very fragrant
'Red Feelings®: High Perennial Phlox. Height 70cm. Blooms from July to October in bright red
'Rose light: very fragrant
'Scarlet Flame: Moss Phlox. Fells with scarlet flowers in the eye
'Snowman: Tall Perennial Phlox. Height 80-120cm. Blooms from June to August with pure white flowers with attractive, small, yellow center
'Sherbet Cocktail®: height 70cm. Flowers from June to September in dark pink yellow margins. Newer variety, which is considered robust
'Summer Joy: Tall Perennial Phlox. Height 90cm. Pink flowers with red eye
'Temiscaming: Very vigorous variety with flowers in bright purple
'Violet Seedling: Moss Phlox. Shows reddish-purple flowers
'If so, because: High Perennial Phlox. Height 90cm. Beautiful, purplish flowers with contrasting white eye
'White Delight: Moss Phlox. Charmed by snow-white flowers
'White Perfume: Forest Phlox. Height 40cm. White flowering counterpart of 'Clouds of Perfume, which smells just as pleasant
'Windsor: Tall Perennial Phlox. Height 80cm. Flowers radiate in bright orange-red
Probably the most famous Phlox breeder Karl Foerster said about the plants: A garden without phlox is not just a mistake, it is a sin against the summer.
Even if not everyone agrees, the Phlox are clearly among the most popular and certainly also the most beautiful summer bloomers. At that time came from America, the flaming flowers today have a permanent seat in German gardens, even if most species and varieties are breeds and not much of the wild species is left. There are already over 60 species of the plant that feel most comfortable in sunny to partially shaded, humid locations. Some species would like to have a bit more sunshine, others prefer the partial shade, so that is the right thing for most garden areas
Location and soil condition
Flame flowers are beautiful, but also delicate. They can not tolerate heat or dryness, but they also take care of long-lasting conditions.
Phlox loves cool, airy layers and loamy-humus-rich soil, which should be neutral to slightly acidic
cut flowers
As a cut flower, the phlox is moderately long-lasting and very popular. Nevertheless, one should not just snuff on it, if you want to enjoy the perennial even longer.
Plants need their leaves to absorb water and nutrients, which is known. Since the phlox carries its leaves on the pedicels, not too many may be cut off to ensure further growth. A maximum of 1/3 of the flower stalks may be cut for the vase

Video Board: Creeping Phlox - Phlox subulata - Creeping Phlox Bed in the Garden.

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