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The Phoenix Palm, which is also called Date Palm, has been a companion of man for a long time. It has been cultivated thousands of years ago and is highly regarded by the population. The date palm, whose Latin name is Phoenix canariensis, produces very tasty fruits, with both their wood and their fronds are widely used. It is native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia. But now it can be found everywhere in the Mediterranean. The Phoenix Palm tree is also suitable for keeping indoors as a palm tree, and it thrives well in pots and on terraces. It is only slightly sensitive to frost.
Location of the Phoenix Palm
As a desert plant, the date palm needs a very sunny location, whereby the sunshine may also be intense. Nevertheless, if the date palm is in partial shade, this has a negative effect on its growth. It hardly grows then.
Pour the date palm
The phoenix palm should always be poured evenly from spring to late autumn. The root ball should be completely moisturized. However, it has been proven to wait between the Wassergaben until the uppermost layer of soil is dried. In the summer this may be the case after 2 to 3 days, but in other annual cycles this can take 1 to 2 weeks.
The amount of water depends entirely on the height of growth and the size of the plant pot. In the winter months, the casting must be severely limited. Here it has been proven to wait before the next pouring, until the nutrient substrate is dried to 2/3. Anyone who has the opportunity to plant the date palm in his garden, should remember that it reaches very low. Over the years, the Phoenix Palm tree reaches the groundwater level and can self-cater.
Frost resistance / temperature
The normal room temperature is the ideal climate for a phoenix palm. For growth it needs a minimum temperature of 10° C. During hibernation, the environment should have a temperature between 8 and 12 degrees Celsius. The date palm can also overwinter outdoors if it is ensured that the temperature can not drop below -6 degrees Celsius. Until then, it is considered frost resistant.
The phoenix palm can not tolerate humus soil or peat, as both substrates suffocate the roots. The ideal substrate mixture for a date palm consists of compost soil, sharp-edged sand or lava granules. Expanded clay or gravel can also be used to loosen up the soil so that the roots get enough air. In normal growth, this palm species should be repotted once a spring. As planters for palm trees are especially high plant pots, since the taproot takes up a lot of space. During its growth phase, the palm tolerates one dose of liquid fertilizer every two weeks. In the hibernation should be dispensed fertilization.
If the palm is in a partially shady or dark place during hibernation, it must not be exposed to bright sunlight in spring. The strong sunlight could burn the fronds, which can be recognized by brown, irregular spots on the fronds. It is best to leave for 1 to 2 weeks in a partially shaded place and then to its old location.
The pruning of a phoenix palm is very difficult, as it only grows on the tips. If the tip is capped, the plant does not grow any further. Brown leaves should not be cut back until completely dry. It should always remain a small piece of the stem on the trunk.
The date palm can be attacked by numerous pests. In the 90s of the last century, the red palm weevil strongly increased the phoenix palm trees throughout the Mediterranean. The red palm weevil places its larvae in the soft wood of the palm tree. If an infestation by the red palm weevil, unfortunately, this palm species is beyond saving and must be disposed of.
- choose a sunny spot
- Allow the soil to dry slightly before pouring
- fertilize regularly in the growing season
- Keep hibernation
- water abundantly
- makes special demands on the ground
- choose large plant pots
- frost-resistant to -6 degrees Celsius
The Phoenix Palm is a grateful roommate who does little work and can tolerate extreme temperatures. It is also suitable under certain circumstances for the garden or the terrace, where the frost plays a role in the winter. The care of a date palm is rather simple and it is ideal as a plant for beginners. Nevertheless, the beginner should also be informed about the preferences and the good care instructions for a phoenix palm, because even with such a low maintenance plant as the date palm, much can be done wrong.With the right care, however, she matures with time to a large roommate who seeks his equal.