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The Phoenix Palm (Phoenix canariensis) is also known as the date palm and is the least demanding palm among the palm trees. She is satisfied with very little light, prefers during the summer weeks, for example, a shady location on a terrace or in the outdoor area. The Phoenix Palm has its origin in the Canary Islands and reaches there over 20 meters height. In the local climate, however, it rarely reaches more than 1.5 meters in height.
In its Canarian homeland, the Phoenix Palm often gets flower clusters on its leaf corners. These have no fragrance and their fruits are inedible. In the local climate, it rarely reaches more than 1.5 meters in height and it requires a "green thumb" or real luck, so that this palm flowers in our latitudes.
There are about 13 species of Phoenix palms. Of these, only two are suitable for keeping as a houseplant. On the one hand, this includes the "Real Date Palm" (Phoenix dactylifera), which requires a slightly warmer location than the Canarian variety for wintering. On the other hand, it is the "marsh date palm" (Phoenix roebelenii), which has its origin in Indochina. It has a more delicate and finer growth and needs throughout the year increased humidity and plenty of heat (ideally in the winter garden).
Care and location
Young palm trees of this species should:
- basically in shady places
- older palms can also be set up in sunny places after a long period of adaptation
- They tolerate very high summer temperatures and thank their sunny location for their lush growth
- The Phoenix Palm must be treated several times within a week with softened and tempered water
- In the period between April and September, ideally, it receives fertilizer approximately every 14 days.
- it should be placed in the house shortly before the frosty season (if the temperature drops to 2 to 3° C)
- In their wintering temperatures between 4 and 8° C are sufficient, with very little water needed
- However, if it is much warmer and light, it needs regular watering
- If the Phoenix palm is kept too warm in winter, scale insects can occur.
- April is particularly suitable for this because it is already light and the temperature is rising
- If the Phoenix palm has outgrown its planter in late summer or the roots are already growing out of the pot hole, it can of course be repotted
- for this species palm taller planters are better suited
- with an older palm, the roots can be taken back by about 1/4, which limits or controls their growth.
Propagating the phoenix palm by means of seeds is simple and common. The seeds need soil, which consists of a combination of peat litter, sand and normal potting soil. The germination vessel should be at a temperature between 20 and 24° C. The earth should be kept well moist. After about 4 to 6 weeks, the first leaves are already showing.
These first cotyledons do not divide. You can, if more fronds have appeared and shared, be cut off. So when the first cotyledons become noticeable, it's time to put the seedlings in individual planters. It must be ensured that the original seed is not removed under any circumstances. Once a few months have passed, the palm is once again transformed into powerful soil and larger planters.
Sometimes root saplings show up on older phoenix palms. These can be carefully removed and placed individually in a planter.Phönixpalmen are very well with optimal care, especially if they are kept in the conservatory in sufficiently large pots.
Brown leaves and withered leaf margins are usually caused by overhydration, extreme dehydration or over-fertilization. In this case, the damaged areas and leaves must be completely removed. The Phoenix Palm must now get exactly the opposite care from the previous care!
New undeveloped leaves often look withered and ugly as they cover a brown rug. This look is normal for a palm of this species and not a disease. Thin and long palm fronds are a sign of lack of light. A stay in the summer on the terrace or a balcony can do wonders here. Round, brown patches in the area of the leaf tips can be caused by a fungal disease. At intervals of 8 days, however, a fungicide should be injected several times.
Wool and scale insects can attack even the resilient Phoenix palms.This vermin can be scraped off with the help of a knife. Then the affected leaves are rubbed off with a cotton ball, which was soaked in spirit. Against annoying aphids, spraying a soft soap solution can help.
Those who have time and patience can draw a palm tree of seeds themselves. The seeds should first be soaked in water (two days) and then put in a shallow dish in sandy Sowing soil and cover everything. The vessel needs a warm location, the soil temperature should be about 25 degrees. The germination period can be two to three months. First, a seedling shows up. Only when the second sheet is visible, remove the cover and carefully repot. For safety, you can still put a bag over. When the third sheet hits the top of the bag, you remove it. Now the plant has enough power. As soil suitable normal palm soil, which is commercially available.
Location, water & fertilizer
Date palms need a sunny to partially shaded location and high humidity. The north window is not suitable. From March to September you have to provide the plants with enough water. Calcified water they can only tolerate bad. Once a week, the addition of special fertilizer is recommended. The palm likes to wipe its fronds from time to time.
In winter, moderate to low watering, but the earth must not dry out. It is not fertilized. Younger plants are replanted every two to three years, older ones every four years. If the palm is not going to grow any more, you can cut back the roots a bit. It should be noted that for two weeks, little is poured.
Phoenix palms grow very well in hydroponic culture.