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For some Breitweger is a medicinal plant, for most gardeners only an unpleasant weed. It not only bothers the well-groomed sight, but can also damage neighboring plants that have no chance against Breitwegerich. It's about acting fast, stopping growth, removing the weeds permanently, and, ideally, making sure that it does not spread so quickly. At your disposal are several weed removal methods and intelligent prevention strategies, all of which are described in detail below.
Plantain recognitionCommon broadleaf plantain (Plantago major), also known as plantain or broadleaf, is a plant of the plantain family (Plantaginaceae) that presents itself as a weed with basal leaf rosettes. It has spoon-shaped, oval, palm-sized leaves in the middle of ährige inflorescences in an upright posture to a height of up to 30 centimeters and depending on the location, even up to 60 centimeters sticking out. Between June and October, the herbaceous plant usually blooms in white or reddish. The rosette-like leaves are initially blue-red in color and change over time into a lush green.
OccurrenceOver the past few decades weeds have spread extremely and make a lot of work with their removal, especially in their native gardens.
Especially on compacted areas, the Great Plantain feels particularly well. In vain he is not called Ackerkraut, because here too he spreads especially on bare, unvegetated places. Most common occurrence is:
- Generally on compacted grass
- Too short cut grass (under three centimeters)
- On many running tread paths or lawns
- In the joints between stone and concrete slabs on lawns adjoining the lawn
- In columns on floor-level building facades
Manual combatBreitwegerich or also called Wegeblatt, has very strong and broad and deep growing roots, so that a mere pulling out by hand rarely works. Usually only the superficial part is torn off and the roots remain in the earth, where they continue to drive their evil and quickly form new shoots. An alternative is a garden shovel or the spade dar. However, this leaves relatively large holes, which leads to bumps in the lawn and looks visually ugly.
UnkrautstecherIt is better to use a special weed cutter with claws, which is just inserted into the soil and reaches into the root trunk. In this way, the entire root can be easily pulled out in one go. The hole in the ground is kept within limits and grows quickly, especially on meadows and dense lawns.
timeThe bigger the field herb, the firmer the roots are. The mechanical removal can be correspondingly power consuming. If the soil is very dry, you also run the risk of breaking some roots with the weed claw and leaving residues in the soil. Therefore, it is generally advisable to lay the mechanical control of plantain to a time after a heavy rain shower. Here, the soil is more permeable and the roots are easier to pull in the whole.
TIP: Keeps the rain coming, just pour plenty of water on the broad-leaved plantain and wait a few minutes for the water to sink into the depths.
Mechanical combatOnce the Plantago major has made itself wide, it usually can not be beaten with manual control methods. Only certain aids help here.
fertilizerBroad-leaved plantain does not like lime, which is why it is best to work larger areas with fertilizer and a high lime content. In addition, lime fertilizer gives the thinner roots of grass more power, so that they can additionally brace against the plantain roots.
In terms of the destruction of the broad-leaved plantain, it is advantageous that, despite its robust and strong roots, it has a delicate plant structure. If you now wet this weed with high water pressure and / or boiling water, you will damage the structure and the cress will die off. After that it is easy to remove and can be disposed of on the compost pile.
Boiling water is suitable for these plants that have settled in the lawn, but you should be very sparing with the boiling water in the dosage handle. With this method, you will also damage surrounding lawns and provoke a burnt area.Therefore always pour only as much cooking water as can immediately pull into the soil, so that you avoid a lateral running of the hot water.
When combating with a pressure washer of broad-leaved plantain on lawns, should be at least 100 bar in order to destroy the plant structure can. However, it is unavoidable that the grass directly adjacent to the field cabbage is being churned up. Therefore, a careful action and an exact alignment of the water jet on the weeds is required here.
One of the oldest variations of weed killing, especially in stubborn plantain, is the fire. This method is quite effective in the fight against plantain grass weed. For this special weed burners are available in specialized stores or well sorted DIY stores. They work like a normal Bunsen burner with a gas cartridge.
However, you have to reckon with having to hold the flame on the plant for up to five minutes with such robust weeds as the plantain, to achieve combustion. If the soil is very dry, there is a good chance that you will reach most of the roots with the heat. Otherwise, unfortunately burns only the upper part. But it is particularly suitable as a quick solution if you want to prevent seed spreading.
preventionIn order not to let it come so far that the Plantago major settles down let alone wide, you can take preventive measures.
You should always cut regularly to prevent broad-leaved turf. The tailoring rhythm is usually heavily dependent on the weather conditions. When the sun and rain change, they have to be cut more often; when it is dry the lawnmower will be less needed, while when wet the lawn cutting would only damage the grass.
That's all different if you could already spot the weed in the lawn. The chance that seeds have spread is great. This can only be counteracted if you cut the entire garden season at equal intervals in wind and weather. In this way, you may collect any surrounding seeds.
But leave a minimum height of the grass of four to five centimeters. This makes it difficult for the seed to find its way into the earth.
In addition to the grass clippings, you should also maintain your lawn regularly. Scarifying is one of the main reasons for avoiding the thickening of the blades of grass in which the weeds feel particularly comfortable. Always scar in the longitudinal and transverse directions so that you extract as much of the compaction as possible.
Afterwards, the lawn can tolerate lime or a lime-containing fertilizer. Make sure that the lawn is quickly wetted after fertilizing. If there is no rain shower in sight, you should help out with a lawn sprinkler so that everything pulls quickly into the earth and keeps the plantain away because it does not like calcareous soils.
The Breitwegerich offers in ornamental gardens and on the lawn not a beautiful sight. But he is not so easy to fight, especially as he multiplies rapidly. The methods mentioned here are the most effective ones. How you can proceed, what you should avoid and how to prevent it in a meaningful way is described in detail and can be carried out easily by any lay and hobby gardener.