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Hedges that protect against unwanted glances, shade donations and slow down the wind appear to be the ideal planting for the property boundary for many. But not only these can upset the neighbors, too tall trees and shrubs, aggressive roots and a high amount of leaves regularly cause quarrels and spoil the fun of the garden. Instead of sunbathing in the countryside, the participants often find themselves in marathons through offices or even in court again. Who wants to prevent that, should pay a lot.
Regulations and laws
When planting on the property line and the garden in general, most think first of decorative appearance and pleasant smell, then care and site claims - regulations and laws are less attention. But these should also be used in any case to prevent disputes in advance. It is important that there are no nationwide laws. Instead, the neighborhood or neighbor law takes effect, which varies in each state.
Tip: Neighboring law can be obtained from the Internet, the Bürgeramt or the district court, and is often a brochure here.
The most common planting on the property boundary is probably the hedge, because their benefits are obvious. It keeps eyes out, acts as a dirt trap, brakes strong winds and provides shade. In addition, it serves birds as a nesting site and protection. So that no space is lost when creating the hedge, it is often planted directly to the property boundary or the fence. How unfavorable that is, at the latest when cutting up. Branches press through the fence, in the case of deciduous species the leaves land at the neighbors and larger plants allow corrections of the outside only through acrobatic dislocations or by entering the neighboring property.
Better for care and peace, it is therefore to plant the hedge about half a meter from the property boundary away. Corrections are possible on their own property, broken branches and leaves also do not land at the neighbors.
Of course, depending on the desired height of the hedge, the neighboring right should be consulted.
trees and shrubs
Trees and shrubs can reach impressive sizes and widths, thereby quickly crossing property boundaries. Again, overhanging branches and foliage can be a problem. In addition, there are often regulations in which the mandatory distance depends on the height of the crop. For example, a shrub that is only one meter high may stay closer than a tree five meters high.
As a rule of thumb, at least half of the maximum height should be kept as the distance to the property boundary. In some federal states, however, the mandatory distance is considerably smaller. Nevertheless, it makes sense in the long term to keep as much distance as possible. Forced blends, an overly intense shadow on neighbor's sun-loving flowers or fall outside the border are thus effectively avoided.
The slightly larger distance also does the bushes and trees good in the long run. If they are too close to the border, they would have to be permanently cut down. Not all species tolerate this in the long run, and they rarely have a decorative effect. Even a forced conversion gets many older plants no longer, the planning in advance is therefore better and with less effort connected on the whole line.
Raised paving slabs and lawn edge stones, damage to water pipes and tripping hazards - just the roots of trees can be a tiresome problem in the garden next door. And for the tree owner expensive, because this is liable - if the victim is not to blame - in full measure. This may still go on a raised path, but if the roots grow below the neighboring house or garage and damage the foundation, it will be really expensive. Insurance companies can cover the costs, but it takes a long time.
It makes sense and especially for this reason, when planting a tree to pay attention to the underground growth direction and to use a root barrier and to maintain the necessary distance to the property boundary and the own house. If the tree already stands on the plot and it is not to be felled directly, it still does not need to be hoped and prayed that the roots do no harm. Instead, an expert should be consulted at regular intervals to identify potential problems before they expensive. Ideal are horticulturists or foresters, who can point out, for example, to breakage-prone branches.
Tip: If it is not clear which tree root causes the damage, especially a root expert should be consulted.Only this one can clearly find out where the cause lies.
Although spurs rarely cause severe damage, they can disturb the planting of the neighboring garden and deprive it of nutrients. Therefore, plants that form foothills should also be prevented from rooting in the garden next door with a root barrier. A mere distance of one meter usually does not stop them alone.
Tip: If planted near the property boundary, a root barrier is always a sensible investment. It is worthwhile to ask the neighbor whether costs and expenses are shared in half.
Light shadow, leaves and pollen
If residents of the adjacent property are allergic to pollens of their own plants, they may understandably feel disturbed by them. However, they do not have a legal handle as long as the plants are at the prescribed distance from the border.
The same applies to the shadow cast. If a hedge obscures Neighbor's flowerbed, but has been set at a sufficient distance according to its height, it does not need to be removed or further cut back. For deciduous plants whose leaves do not fall onto the adjacent property but are carried there by the wind, the same applies.
However, collusion and compromise can still make sense in order to maintain a peaceful coexistence.
Lands again fall leaves, branches and leaves of neighboring plants in their own property, because they are too close to the border and are not blended accordingly, the fault can be rectified itself. However, only after the neighbor has sufficient time to correct the problem. This deadline must be long enough so that corrections do not take place during the growth phase.
Again, apply: Dear in municipal or city council ask. Because the neighbors a supposedly sufficient deadline set and then even scissors, this can demand compensation. If this leads to an impairment of the crop.
Anyone who wants to rent and remodel the garden should in any case ask the owner and use the lease.
Anyone who keeps to the existing regulations and laws when planting the property boundary and the garden and asks the owner if necessary, will avoid any problems and substantiated disputes in advance. The initial effort can therefore save a lot of trouble.