Planting times for vegetables - what to sow in March, April and May?

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Sow vegetables

The planting times for vegetables depend on the type of vegetable. The timing of sowing and planting can have a positive or negative impact on quality and yield. However, the demands on the water and nutrient requirements as well as the light and temperature conditions of the respective varieties play a decisive role. When choosing which varieties to grow, make sure that they are compatible with each other. Mixed cultures and crop rotation can be beneficial for individual vegetables and counteract pest infestation.
Sowing and planting in March
Basically you should not start with a pre-culture in the house before the first of March. The situation is different in the cold frame or greenhouse, where the temperature and light conditions are much better, so that sowing can be started earlier. Some cold-sensitive vegetables can now be preferred on the windowsill in pots or trays or in the greenhouse.
These include z. Tomatoes, peppers, broccoli, iceberg lettuce, celery, kohlrabi and leek. You should wait about mid-month to sow tomatoes, otherwise the plants may become thin as a result of lack of light. For pre-cultures, germination temperatures of around 20 degrees are needed and after germination between 16 and 18 degrees.
Tip - Now in March, new potatoes can be driven forward. Place them in a bright place with temperatures between 10 and 12 degrees, where they form germs. They can then be planted in April.
direct sowing


In March, only early vegetables that are insensitive to cold and sometimes even tolerate a few degrees of frost can be directly sown. Although early vegetables are not as productive as summer varieties, they grow faster, so their culture time is shorter. In addition, they get along better with the cooler temperatures.
These include spring and spring onions, spinach, legumes, some root vegetables, early carrots and picking and sliced ​​lettuce, with carrots, lettuce, spinach and onions also being sown until April. Salad is the first vegetable in the year that can be sown. After sowing, salad should first be covered with fleece to create ideal conditions for the seedlings. In order to extend his harvest time, he can be replanted several times at 14-day intervals.
Root vegetables, which can be sown in March, include Mairübchen, radish and radish. Due to their low nutrient requirement Mairübchen are ideal forefoots. Radishes are sown as broad as possible and radish is best left under foil or in a cool cold frame. Legumes that are suitable for early sowing are peas or broad beans, with peas that can be sown several times a fortnight, depending on the variety, until the beginning of June. Peas and beans should be soaked in a glass of water for about a day before sowing.
Tip - For the early sowing of salads both old and new varieties are suitable, whereby a mixture of old and new resistant varieties is recommended.
Plant seedlings
  • The seedlings of robust vegetables can be planted from the end of March.
  • They are planted in the cold frame or greenhouse.
  • Suitable are red, white or cauliflower, savoy cabbage, broccoli and lettuce.
  • In addition, onion onion can in the soil, onion seeds have a very long growing time.
  • Soak onions in water for one day before planting.
  • That's how they grow better.
  • In addition, the high pressures of onions is prevented, which otherwise leads to crop losses.
Tip - When growing cabbage, keep in mind that cabbage is one of the heavy eaters, that is, it removes a lot of nutrients from the soil.
Sowing and planting April
Seedling production
In the second week of April pre-germinated new potatoes can be laid. From the end of April you can sow lettuce, both head-forming and cut and pickles, kohlrabi, and celery for young plants in the garden. With salad only summer varieties should be used now, early varieties would bloom quickly and form only very small heads.
Cucumbers, pumpkins and aubergines can now be preferred in pots in the greenhouse as well as bush and bean beans. The light requirement is now particularly high. If necessary, the young plants must be transplanted into larger pots before being planted outside. Finally they can go outside to the icy saints.
direct sowing

Cultivation in the vegetable garden

In April, summer vegetables are sown, such as chard, broccoli, sweetcorn, zucchini, peas and leeks. Leeks are preferably sown in approx.10 cm deep furrows so that it can form long white shafts. From about the second week of April, the seeds of beets, radishes, brussels sprouts, radishes, cauliflower, storage tubes and at a soil temperature of about 7 degrees also beetroot in the ground. For a higher yield of beetroot it is advisable to sow them under foil. If radish is sown before April, it has a strong tendency to shoot. At first the covering of the seedbed with a close-meshed and air-permeable fleece is recommended, which creates a favorable micro-climate.
Tip - Seedlings of red, white and cauliflower, early kohlrabi varieties, fennel, onions and lettuce can be planted directly into the garden at the end of April.
Sowing and planting in May
direct sowing
In May, subsequent sowing of various vegetables can take place directly in the field, eg As of lettuce, radish, leek or spinach. Also Kohlrabi and other types of cabbage can still be sown and from mid-month the beans come.
Plant seedlings
From mid-May, frost-sensitive vegetables can be planted directly into the open, as long as night frosts are no longer to be expected. These include all summer salads, cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes, leeks, beetroot, Brussels sprouts, sweetcorn, broccoli, radish, fennel and preferred beans. Although cucumbers and peppers can now be released outdoors, the cultivation of these vegetables under foil or glass is recommended, with the exception of free-range cucumbers.
Mixed culture and crop rotation
Mixed cultures in the vegetable garden are always preferable to monocultures. However, there are some things to consider. It is important that the neighboring plants directly complement each other and do not harm. The root exudates or scents of some vegetables may be beneficial and protective to some neighboring plants and deadly to others.
For example, you should not plant cruciferous vegetables in the immediate vicinity because they are incompatible with themselves and attract the same pests. One and the same vegetables, grown in the same location for years, deprive the soil of important nutrients, which literally leach it out over the years. As a result, fungi, pests and pathogens can spread. Accordingly, a 3-year crop rotation is especially recommended.
This looks like that in the first year strong starters such as potatoes, pumpkin, cabbage or cabbage grows, in the second year only Mittelzehrer such as salad, carrots, chard or fennel and in the third year follow the weaker such. Onions, radishes or beans. In the fourth year then a green manure should be sown on the area concerned. In the following year you start again with the heavyweights and repeat the whole thing.
Vegetables should not be missing in any garden, because there is nothing better than vegetables from your own garden. It is already possible to sow sowing in pre-culture and partially directly from February / March or you can buy pre-grown plants in the garden trade, which you can then plant under glass or directly in the garden. However, for optimal crop success, the sowing times of the various types of vegetables must be taken into account and adhered to, as well as the crop rotation. In addition, care must be taken to good and bad neighboring plants. With all this in mind, there's nothing in the way of self-harvested, crisp-fresh vegetables.
Further tips for the winter and summer months
In January you can already sow the first vegetables in a cold frame. Spinach, lamb's lettuce, Swiss chard and winter sports powder are perfect for this. Parsley, which fits almost all types of vegetables, can already be sown. If you have a heated greenhouse, you should sow cut salad, sugarloaf, kohlrabi, radish, radishes and lots of garden cress.
February is the best month to sow endives, cauliflower, kohlrabi, peppers, tomatoes and onions in the greenhouse. But even outdoors, can already be seeded, e.g. Garden cress, spinach and broad beans. Under glass can be planted lettuce, kohlrabi and radish.
(March, April and May see above)
It can still be sown, e.g. Swiss chard, beetroot, carrots, radishes, fennel, garden cress, beans and Raddichio. Now is the best planting time for celeriac, kohlrabi, cabbage, zucchini, cucumber, tomato, pumpkin, eggplant, lettuce, pumpkin and winter leek.
July is the last month to sow broccoli. Now you plant winter cabbage, endives, savoy cabbage and spinach. Chinese cabbage and beans are sown.
Now the vegetables from the cold frame are planted in the garden beds. Because of the stretched harvest time you are now sowing field and winter salad. Radishes, radish, garlic and spinach can also be sown.
Also in September, it can be sown under glass, e.g. Head and corn salad, spring onions, garden cress, endives, radishes and garlic. Spinach, radishes and winter onions can also be found outdoors.
In October lamb's lettuce and spinach can be sown outdoors. Otherwise, sow only under glass, e.g.Carrots, radishes, radishes and endives. Cabbage, savoy cabbage, lettuce, winter onions, radish, carrots, radishes, lettuce and rhubarb are planted earlier this month.
November December
In the two months is not sown or planted. The garden rests as far as possible.

Video Board: Our Complete Spring Planting Schedule & Garden Layout (Zone 5 Season Extension).

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