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Plants in boxes - not a few plants can be kept in appropriate planters both in the garden and on the balcony. With relatively little effort, the balcony and garden design can be implemented in this way and you remain flexible due to the mobility of the pots.
The perfect time
Who wants to have beautiful plants in the garden and on the balcony in planters throughout the summer, should be on the right planting time. You should not be impatient, because too early outside transported plants get in the spring may still night frosts and then go. From May, the right time has come to dedicate yourself to planting pots for garden and balcony, without the plants having to be taken back into the house at night. Especially daisies, begonias or geraniums are just as popular plants in pots as well as sensitive plants, as far as cold temperatures are concerned. Tip: If you want to be absolutely sure and may even want to use relatively sensitive plants, wait until the icy saints before the pots are finally planted, because until this time around mid-May, there may still be night frosts in our regions.
Only plant clean vessels
Before the pots are planted, they should undergo a thorough cleaning. This is a hand brush to remove coarse dirt. After the planter is freed from the coarse contaminants, a damp cloth is used for the final cleaning. Some vessels that have already been planted have relatively stubborn calcifications. To remove them, you can use a wire brush. Alternatively, the plant pot infested with calcium deposits is placed in a water bath, which is mixed with vinegar or citric acid. This makes it easy to remove even heavy limescale stains.
The right stratification when planting
It is important to put any plants in containers in the water to protect them from waterlogging. Some plants are very sensitive to waterlogging and enter, but in any case unwanted waterlogging influences healthy growth in all plants. The first layer, when the substrate is placed in the bucket, is therefore a layer of expanded clay which absorbs the excess irrigation water and keeps it away from the sensitive roots. The advantage of expanded clay is also that it slowly releases the stored water to the earth, especially on hot days.
A separating fleece is placed over the drainage layer, so that the subsequently filled soil is not washed into the drainage layer of expanded clay. Only now the appropriate potting soil is filled in the planter. It is favorable, immediately when filling the vessel with soil and a slow-release fertilizer, for example, compost, incorporate. This ensures a continuous supply of nutrients to the plant, which ensures a continuous and powerful flowering. As an alternative to compost, horn shavings that are available at the hardware store or garden center can also be incorporated into the soil. Those who take care of this need not worry about fertilizing the plants throughout the season. Layering substrate correctly means...
- first drainage of expanded clay
- then a separating fleece
- then filled with slow-release fertilizer potting soil into the bucket to fill
Before the plants are put into the pails, they are detached from the plastic cups in which they were purchased. For this purpose, the cup is covered and then compressed in some places. Thus, the root ball dissolves from the cup, without the delicate root ramifications are damaged. Now the stunk of the plant is taken between two fingers and covered by hand. Thereafter, the plant is turned and released with a light draft from the cup. If the root bales are already heavily matted, they must first be carefully plucked apart. This is important so that the plant later roots perfectly in the substrate. If the plants are in the right place in the vessel, the gaps are filled with soil, which in turn is slightly pressed. It is important that from the top edge of the earth to the end edge of the bucket still about two centimeters of space for the irrigation water remains, so that the bucket does not always overflow.
While bedding plants can create a supply of water in the soil through intensive watering, potted plants for the garden and the balcony depend on more tact. Especially during the growing season in summer, the container plants must be moderately but regularly watered.The best thing is to water in the morning and in the evening, because at cooler temperatures, the irrigation water penetrates into the ground, while it evaporates immediately on the earth's surface during the hot midday hours and does not reach the roots. Perfect is soft and lime-poor water, preferably from the rain barrel. In this case, container plants may only be poured on the ground, but not over leaves and flowers. Tip: Always pour potted plants slowly. Then the dried soil can be well absorbed by the water, while it passes through the dry soil directly into the drainage during rapid watering.
Equip thirsty plants with automatic irrigation
Special planters are equipped with a double bottom and therefore have a water reservoir for the plant. Equipped with a water level indicator, the bucket then indicates when it is time for irrigation. Alternatively, you can buy special vessels that are filled with water and inserted into the soil, sporadically release the water to the substrate. In addition, special flower boxes are available in the trade, in addition to the double bottom also have a side filler neck over which they are poured. By the way, these buckets do not need to be drained before planting. Clay pots are also very good as planters because they soak up water and gradually release it to the plant. A quick and inexpensive solution is water bottles made of plastic, which are filled with water upside down inserted into the substrate. With this solution, the plant can be supplied with water easily and without further watering for about a week - even on shorter trips this irrigation is ideal.
Select the suitable plants for the bucket
There are a variety of plants that can be used in pails and kept in the garden or on the balcony. Important for the selection is first the location of the garden or balcony, because that already determines whether it may rather be sun-hungry plants or whether even more robust plants, which manage with fewer suns, can be put into the tub. Incidentally, both garden herbs and intentionally small-bred vegetable and fruit plants, which are kept in the bucket a decorative and promise a harvest at the same time are becoming increasingly popular. Also important here is the consideration of the influence of the sun on the plants and their needs. Those who are more shady, should put on plants such as ivy, fuchsias, primroses or boxwood, chrysanthemum. By contrast, fruits and herbs, vegetables such as tomatoes or geraniums, dahlias or petunias can tolerate a lot of sun.
frequently asked Questions
- How do I overwinter my potted plants? - In general, the plant should be overwintered to its individual needs in terms of light conditions, room temperature and care. It is important for all potted plants that they are freed from leaves, weeds and even possible pests before they are sent to hibernation. Also, blooms, sick spots and deadwood are removed before the winter. Only then will the plant be healthy and powerful through the cold season.
- How do I protect my potted plants from pests? - In addition to a good care, which strengthens the plant, many hobby gardeners swear on an infusion and field horsetail, which gives the plants strength, thus protecting them from pests and diseases.
- Buddleia: The fragrant butterfly magnet is swarmed by butterflies of all kinds. Many varieties in blue, white and purple. Summer lilac is suitable for the vase.
- Sneezeweed: In numerous shades of yellow, orange and red, this approximately 100 to 140 cm tall flower miracle provides color from August. The sun bride is one of the most important colorants in the autumnal garden. Despite her name, the North American prefers sufficient moisture.
- sunflower: If you have a larger area available, you should sow the man-sized sun worshipers at different times, so that more and more flowers adorn the vase.
- coneflower: Safe beginner tree, with which one can not do much wrong. The crimson blossom stars adorn beds and vases. Attractive fruit stands.
- Phlox: The upright jewelry is the perfect flower for representative flowerbeds. Varieties in white, pink and red are up to 150 cm high. Ideal neighbors are chrysanthemums.
- blue diamond: Already in the first garden year a blue wonder. The blue lure attracts many insects and fits perfectly with her gray-furred foliage to roses. Preferably sunny, bright locations.
- Astilbe: Broad-leaved Astilves love half-shady locations. The moister the soil, the more direct sun you get. White, red and pink varieties offer a rich selection for every taste. The finely feathered foliage underlines the graceful character of this discreet shrub.
- dahlias: The selection of dahlia varieties is gigantic. They bloom reliably in any weather.In contrast to the many other spring-flowering bulbous and bulbous flowers, dahlias shine with many flowers in autumn.
- Autumn Anemones: Exquisite autumn bloomers for partially shaded locations. They also fit very well between trees and spread even on northern locations highlights. Autumn anemones will be about 100 cm, tall. They bloom until the first frost in many pinks and whites.
- chrysanthemums: Well-known farmer's garden shrubs, which organize a late flowering party in red, yellow and pink with large flower plates in bright colors. Preferably sunny locations.