Plants for facade greening: Clematis, Wilder Wein & Co


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Who does not dream of a romantically wild house? With a facade greening, this dream can be realized. A clad house wall has a lot of advantages. It keeps out noise and provides a new habitat for native animals such as butterflies, birds and many insects. For the greening of the fa├žade, hobby gardeners can choose from a wide range of climbing plants, which can be used to individually shape the fa├žade with or without a climbing aid. Whether fast or slow climbing artists - there is something for every wall and every taste.


Advantages of facade greening
The benefits of a leafy facade are obvious, which is why the dense leaf wall on house walls and walls is becoming increasingly popular. Quick and relatively cheap ugly walls and drab facades can be converted into visual eye-catcher without much space. But the vertical meadow can do even more: it protects the house from external influences such as heat and cold. In addition, harmful substances are simply filtered away and birds and other microorganisms, the leafy facade offers next food and shelter and nesting site.
Furthermore, the masonry is protected by the climbing artist from weather extremes such as storm or hail. The plants provide cooling in the summer, moisten the air and in winter they form a protective and insulating barrier.
In summary, the following advantages result:
  • Climbing plants hardly need space and lay like a protective layer on the facade
  • offer protection against wind, cold, hail, storm, driving rain, UV radiation
  • Noise, pollutants and dust are filtered out
  • Small climate is improved
  • creates new habitat for birds and microorganisms
  • complete greening and partial greening possible
Types of facade greening
Those who want to green their fa├žade primarily use climbing plants that either grow up with or without supportive help. Decisive are the climbing behavior and the optimal location. The large family of climbing plants is basically divided into two main groups. There are self-climmers, ie self-climbing plants and scaffold climbing plants. These depend on climbing aids.
Self-sounding climbing plants
Self-clingers stick to any surface using adhesive disks or adhesive roots. Particularly popular are the trumpet flower, ivy, climbing hydrangea or the wild wine. If these plants are initially tied, they can be facilitated the rise.
Scaffold climbing plants
In contrast to self-climbers, scaffold climbing plants are not able to pull themselves up to surfaces. Rather, they need supportive help in the form of scaffolding. Among the scaffolding climbing plants is again distinguished between the following types:
creepers
... climb through slinging movements of the shoots and need climbing aids such as ropes or rods, which are thin and vertically guided. The creepers include hops, knotweed, honeysuckle and wisteria.
creepers
... for example, vine or clematis, vetch and clematis use petiole or branch vines, with which they cling to the climbing aid. Suitable climbing aids are latticed climbing aids, as these climbing artists grow both diagonally and horizontally and vertically extending columns.
Spreizklimme
... are basically no climbing plants, as they cling and spread only with their spikes, hook sprouts or side shoots. As a result, they increase the contact surface. This group includes winter jasmine, blackberries or climbing rose.
Choice of plants
When choosing the right plants for the greening of facades always care, location, wind and lighting play an essential role.
direction
Each climber places different demands on the location. The general rule:
North side
are best for plants that thrive in the shade optimal. Here, the whistle and ivy can develop well. The evergreen self-climber ivy also protects against cooling and moisture, as it does not lose its leaves.
East Side
Honeysuckle, wild wine, hops or knotweed thrive on facades facing east just as well as pipe winds or clematis.
South Side
For southern facades, summer-green varieties such as wild wine, common bean, climbing rose, Clematis species, genuine wine or knotweed can be used. Some suitable varieties throw off their foliage, which heats the unshaded house wall.
West side
Since the west side is also the weather side in most cases, evergreen plants such as spindle shrub or ivy are suitable. This protects the fa├žade from wind and rain all year round.
Tip: on west facades, trimming fruit varieties such as plum, pear or apple look just as good.
Here is a short overview of the most popular climbing plants for the facades greenery:
pipevine
  • creeper
  • sunny to shady location
  • sheltered
  • fresh, nutrient-rich, moist soil
  • Growth height ten to 20 meters
  • forms dense foliage walls
  • Flowering time June / July
  • Fertilization is required
  • every one to three years Auslichtungsschnitt
Climbing
  • self-climber
  • yellow coloring in autumn
  • partially shaded to shady location (north and west walls)
  • Substrate should be humic, acidic to neutral
  • wet to wet soil
  • irrigate regularly
  • does not tolerate lime
  • Growth height up to twelve meters
  • April to October yellow to golden yellow foliage color
  • red-brown shoots in winter
  • June / July decorative flower umbels
  • Cutting in the spring promotes branching
Clematis
  • Petiole Ranker
  • different types
  • Growth height two to three meters
  • partially shaded to sunny location
  • sheltered
  • humus-rich, fresh soil with drainage
  • Auslichtungsschnitt after flowering
climbing roses
  • Spreader clippers with thorns
  • sunny to partially shaded location
  • Soil should be deep, sandy-loamy and not too humid and not too dry
  • Substrate humus-like, but not nutritious
  • Potash fertilization until early summer
  • Growth height, depending on the variety two to 15 meters
  • Flowering time is dependent on species (duration flowering, multi-flowering or once flowering)
  • often carries red rosehip fruits
ivy
  • evergreen self-immolator
  • Location full sun to partial shade
  • humus rich, nutrient-rich soil
  • Growth height up to 20 meters
  • makes fragrant flowers in September
  • Fruits serve birds as food
  • Cut possible at any time
Wisteria
  • poisonous creeper
  • full sunshine location
  • Partial shade is also possible, but less flowers
  • grow up to 20 meters
  • light-trailing growth
  • feathery light green leaves from May to November (sometimes also orange brown)
  • two main types
  • Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis)
  • Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda)
  • Regular cut, so that no damage to the trellises arise
frequently asked Questions
We have an anodized aluminum fa├žade and are looking for fast-growing climbing plants for facade greening. The plants should not root under the panels. Which ones are suitable?
Climbing plants have light-fleeting shoots. In addition, they have adherent roots that grow into the right roots. Over time, roots and shoots would pry the panels off the fa├žade, causing damage to the house wall. In that case, trellises are recommended.
How can I prevent my ivy from climbing my neighbor's facade?
First and foremost, regular cutting measures help. To stop the vegetation, a wooden beam can be attached to the facade. This calls on the plant to grow in a different direction.
As our fa├žade is being renovated, the ivy must give way. How do I remove all the adhesive roots?
Removing the remains of ivy can sometimes be very costly. It is easier with wire brush, gloves and a lot of patience. Alternatively, a sandblaster can be used.

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