Plants in miniature pond - 10 ideas for planting

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Plants in miniature pond - 10 ideas for planting: plants

As a rule of thumb, do not use more than 5 plants per square meter. The smaller the pond, the fewer plants should be used. On small areas, a clutter of plants looks less good than the same number of the same plants. Important for a good water quality are underwater floating plants, such as water plague, mill leaf, horn leaf, water feather and others. They absorb excess nutrients from the water and release oxygen to the water. Without oxygen, no plants can survive. Without these plants no mini pond comes out. It should always be an underwater plant contained, if possible, even with the specimen plants.

Single water lily

There are special water lilies that need neither a large depth nor an oversized vessel. Although a depth of 50 cm is ideal, but for some 20 cm already enough. Round vessels look a little better than angular ones, but that's ultimately a matter of taste. The root of the water lily must be weighted with stones, gravel or the like, otherwise it drives upwards, to the water surface.
Suitable water lilies:
  • Dwarf lake (Nymphaea candida) - flower diameter 8 to 10

    cm, flowering from June to August, water depth 25 to 50 cm (to 80 cm), dark green round leaves (diameter 20 cm), white flowers, can be planted from May, pressed in spring in clay globules kneaded fertilizer in the soil baskets, Hardy, quite vigorous
  • Water lily (Nymphaea x pygmaea 'Helvola') - small yellow flowers, only 2.5 cm in diameter, flowering from June to September, water depth 20 to 25 cm, not hardy, leaves dark green, may be red to reddish brown striped or spotted, fertilize in spring (as just described) ideal for Vessels, super to blue flowering perennials on the edge

  • Water lily (Nymphaea x laydekeri (Varieties) - Flowers pink (light lilac rose darker inside or strong dark red with white markings, depending on variety), up to 10 cm in diameter, flowering June to September, water depth 25 to 30 cm, plants from mid-May, weak growth, fertilizing as above described, very willing to flower, ideal for tubs

  • Square Water Lily (Nymphaea tetragona) - small flowers, only 2.5 cm in diameter, pure white and fragrant, flowering from June to September, water depth 10 to 25 cm, plantable from mid-May, petite water lily, grows even in shallow bowls, then do not overwinter outdoors (commercially often under the name: Nymphaea x pygmaea 'Alba')

Water crowfoot in glass jar

Buttercup is an underwater plant, but forms long shoots that drift on the water surface. Underwater are finely tufted, long underwater leaves to find, while over kidney-shaped floating leaves float. Between June and September numerous petite buttercups appear in white, with yellow center. They seem to float above the water level. Watercock foot forms foothills and in addition, the root can divide. The plant soon forms a dense plant carpet in a vessel. In a glass jar you can observe the plant above and below water. Of course, it is also an opaque vessel, because the nicer part grows above the water.

Swamp Calla as solitaire

The Calla Calla is a beautiful flowering plant, which, as the name implies, is most swampy. The plants are 15 to 20 cm high and just as wide. The white flowers appear between June and July and last for a long time in the right location. The ideal depth is 20 cm. The marsh calla does not need an extra planter. It is enough to simply lay the rhizome on the substrate in the vessel and to complain something, for example with river pebbles or gravel. For the winter it is favorable to store the rhizome frost-free. One must keep in mind that the plants are poisonous. This also applies to the beautiful berries that form after flowering. Who chooses the marsh calla as border planting, can of course still place floating plants.

Water hyacinth as a solitary

Water hyacinths are very decorative plants. Striking are already the fleshy, bright green leaves and the bladder-like distended petioles, but the highlight here are the flowers. The steel blue to light violet inflorescences are reminiscent of spring hyacinths. The plants do not always bloom. In addition to a lot of heat and sun, they also need a high humidity, which is why a gargoyle or a fountain in the vessel makes sense. Water hyacinths are tropical plants. They must be kept warm in winter, preferably in a hot water aquarium. Hibernation is not easy, which is why many lovers of the plant buy them again and again in the spring.

Mixed plantation of dwarf cattail, marsh forget-me-not and water-nut

Dwarf cattails look like the great representatives of this species, only they are much smaller. They are only 30 to 50 cm high and belong to a depth of 10 to 20 cm.These plants are ideal as marginal plants. In order to limit the multiplication, the dwarf cattail should be placed in a plant basket, as its rhizome otherwise spreads rapidly throughout the vessel and other plants have no chance. The marsh forget-me-not is up to 30 cm high and blooms sky blue from May to September. The plants are ideal for the marsh zone The planting depth is 0 to 10 cm.
Swamp forget-me-not are good hardy and extremely robust. They multiply abundantly, which is why they are best placed in a planting basket. So the spread can be restricted. The waterworm forms in the summer a rosette of rhombic floating leaves, which drift on reddish petioles on the water surface. At the end of summer, the leaves turn red and die. The nutty drupes sink to the ground and drift again in the spring.

Cyprus grass, water lilies and water lettuce (shell flower)

Cyprus grass actually works very well as a solitary, but is also suitable for a background planting in a vessel. Cyprus grass grows from a rhizome. If you want to multiply, it can be easily shared. To prevent uncontrolled spreading, the rhizome should be placed in a planting basket. The bloom ranges from July to September. Cyprus grass is not hardy, but can easily be wintered indoors. Important is a continuous high humidity. The water lily is a very noble aquatic plant. There are many types and varieties, so you have almost all flower colors to choose from.

Swamp Swiftlily - Water Swordlily - Iris pseudacorus

These irises like the marsh zone, but also come with the shallow water zone. You should only use one plant so that the flowers do not steal the show from the Cyprus grass. In addition, a lower variety should be chosen so that different high plants populate the vessel. The water salad looks very similar to lettuce, except that the plant floats on the water and the leaves are a little thicker. This plant absorbs a great deal of nutrients from the water and prevents excessive algae growth. The plants form offshoots and proliferate quite quickly. In order to contain them it is enough to remove some plants from the water every now and again. Water lettuce is quite sensitive to frost and must be wintered at 15 to 20┬░ C.


Frog bite acts as a solitary, but also in community with other plants. It is a floating leaf plant, similar to the water lily. The plants prefer a slightly muddy water bottom, in which the roots can anchor. The rosettes float on the water surface. The flowers appear in midsummer, they always consist of three petals and a bract. They are white with a yellow base. In autumn, winter buds form, which detach from the plant and sink to the bottom. From April, new plants will develop. Important for the frog bite are a wind-protected location and warm water. If you plant only frog bite, soon the entire water surface will grow. This looks very nice. In between, floating candles, glass balls or similar decorative materials can be effective. Even a small fountain would be conceivable.

Herzbl├Ąttriges pike, water poppy and Schwanenblume (water vial, Blumenbinse)

The combination of these three plants is ideal for not too small and too shallow vessels. The heart-shaped pike makes itself well as a background planting or in the middle of a free-standing vessel. The plant grows upright and can be up to 60 cm high, but also requires a water depth of 30 to 60 cm. Muddy soil is ideal. The flowering period extends from June to September. The inflorescences are quite large, the single flowers blue. The heart-shaped pike is not completely hardy and should be lowered in winter to at least 50 cm. The mini pond should not freeze. The water poppy is a floating leaf plant. The yellow flowers are only briefly open, but there are always new ones. The flowering period is from April to September.
At the flower shoots, young plants form, so that this plant can soon grow over the water surface. It is best to remove some plants from time to time. Important for these plants is warm water. They like the shallow-water zone, because the water there heats up the fastest and strongest. Water Poppy is not hardy. It is best planted in a planting basket, as it can be easily removed in the fall. Hibernate at 10 to 12 degrees. The swan flower is in the background, because it is quite high. It can reach a height of 50 to 120 cm and grows upright. Particularly interesting are their white to pink flowers, which also smell of honey. The flowering period is from June to August. The ideal water depth is between 10 and 30 cm. The swan flower is best planted in a plant basket. It needs plenty of sun and many nutrients.


Horsetail is a fascinating plant. He looks great as a solitaire, but can also be socialized. The effect is achieved by the leaves, the bark and the narrow upright growth. The plants like moist soil and partial shade to shade, so they are ideal for not too sunny locations. Horsetail can grow up to 150 cm, but that takes several years. The plants form foothills and spread like this. This plant is planted to a depth of 10 cm. Horsetail does not work in small vessels. Those who have no room for a larger pool can alternatively use the dwarf horsetail. This only reaches heights of around 20 cm and also tolerates sun better, but no blazing midday sun. Horsetail is frost hardy and survives even cold winters. In order not to weaken its effect, only slightly inconspicuous plants should be planted with it, such as water poppy, water-nut, pennywort, swimming fern or frog bite.

Artificial decoration

If you do not want living plants in your miniature pond, you can also come to a nice arrangement. A flat bowl is best suited. The ground can be covered with beautiful bright stones or shells. One or more floating candles on the water surface are usually sufficient to achieve an effect. There are flower-shaped flower-shaped candles, they are doing well, and of course, water lily candles. Alternatively, floating glass containers can be used, in which a tealight is placed. Small glass figures provide highlights and variety. That's all it takes.
ConclusionPlanting a mini pond is easy. Important is the right choice of plants. They should fit together visually and according to their requirements. Decisive for the prosperity is the correct planting height. Some plants like deep water, others flat or even swampy. If you do not take that into account, you will not enjoy your mini pond for a long time.

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