Plum varieties: 20 old and new plum varieties

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Plum varieties: 20 old and new plum varieties: picking

Plum lovers with their own garden have a clear advantage. The delicious summer fruits are only limited shelf life, so that the variety selection on the shop shelf is sparse. The own cultivation pushes the gate far into the multi-faceted world of seductive plum varieties. Ever since genius breeders have dedicated themselves to the subject, diversity has picked up speed. This selection introduces you to 20 old and new plum varieties.

Plum and plum - what is the difference?

The plum (Prunus domestica) is a subspecies of the genus Prunus with seven subspecies, from which more than 2,000 varieties have emerged. Plums are also among the subspecies, such as plum prunes, also known as Renekloden and mirabelle plums or oat plums. Due to the rich diversity of varieties, the boundaries are now flowing. Nevertheless, from the horticultural and culinary point of view, the following differences between plums and plums can be recorded:
Plum, precious plum, Reneklode
  • round
  • without fruit seam
  • heavy stone dissolving
  • juicy
  • more susceptible to scharka infections
Plum, plum, rare plum
  • elongated
  • with fruit seam
  • good stone dissolving
  • less juicy
  • tolerant to scharka infections


With regard to the individual attributes, it becomes clear why plums are often used to prepare compotes and jams. Plums are better for the fruity cake coating. All of them are fresh from the tree.

Historic plum varieties

Count Althan's Reneklode
Since 1850 the Edelpflaume thrives with golden yellow flesh under blue-red, at full maturity blood-red peel. Gourmets among the home gardeners love this old variety, because the balanced acidity promises a sophisticated culinary experience with a sweet-spicy aroma.
  • Picking maturity: end of August to beginning of September
  • Fertilizer grade required
Wangenheimer Fr├╝hzwetschge
The historic plum variety has been an integral part of every elite selection since 1840. This is hardly surprising given their outstanding properties. Growing even in rough conditions, resistant to diseases and self-fertile, the fruit tree meets the high standards of the private gardener. The round, dark violet-blue fruits are not only a feast for the eyes, but make the heart beat faster with a fruity-sweet taste.
  • Picking maturity: end of August to beginning of September
  • self-fertile
Oullins Reneklode
This plum produces convincing evidence that yellow-colored fruits are as sweet and delicious as their blue-violet counterparts. As early as 1850, the noble variety found its way into French peasant and monastery gardens, not least because it is already ripe for harvest from mid-August. Thanks to a solid shell, the proven variety of plum can be kept for a few days longer than soft-shelled renekloden.
  • Picking ripe: Mid-August to early September
  • self-fertile
Tip: Smart house gardeners generally sell their favorite plum variety to a pollinator, even if it is described as self-fertile. The amount of yield as well as the quality of the fruits benefit from this horticultural move in any case.
Queen Victoria
As befits a royal strain, 'Queen Victoria' trumps other fruits in many ways. The yellow plums are very large and shine on the sun side in magnificent blue red to light purple. The yellow pulp is wonderfully juicy, aromatic and good stone dissolving. From a horticultural point of view, the precious plum is one of the highest yielding varieties, so that since 1844 it receives a regular place in the orchard. Since it is primarily suitable for fresh consumption, the enjoyment is reserved for the gardener and his family.
  • Picking ripe: Mid-August to mid-September
  • self-fertile

Plum - Prunus domestica

Anna Sp├Ąth
When Anna Sp├Ąth discovered the seedling in 1870, it was the starting signal for a success story that continues today. If a plum cake tastes particularly good, the baker would usually use the dough with this old plum variety. Even the dark blue skin promises fruity pleasure that holds the yellow-green pulp. Home gardeners appreciate the pronounced tolerance to Scharka infections as well as a remarkable resistance to fruit rot.
  • Picking maturity: end of September to beginning of October
  • Fertilizer grade required
Big Green Reneklode
An old plum variety of superlatives comes under the unspectacular name 'Great Green Reneklode' therefore. Since 1490, the classic has conquered the hearts of gardeners in southern and western Europe and has not disappointed to this day. The large, green-yellow fruits score with juicy, medium-solid pulp that tastes sugar-sweet yet spicy.Fresh from the tree or from the mason jar, the honey-sweet vitamin bomb is popular with all ages. As a good pollen donor, the prickly pear is one of the best pollinators for the home garden.
  • Picking ripe: Mid-August to mid-September
  • Fertilizer grade required
Big house plush
The Great House Plum lives up to its name, both in terms of its majestic growth and its huge, blue fruit. For generations of home gardeners, this old variety was and is the first choice when planting a plum tree. Thanks to the loose, spacious arrangement of the branches, the historic plum variety is ideal for the espalier education. The sweet-aromatic pulp is good stone dissolving. Thanks to a solid shell, you can store your crop yield for up to 2 weeks, provided that it has not been completely nibbled by then.
  • Picking maturity: end of August to middle / end of September
  • self-fertile
Early Fertile
A summer plum, as it should be, has been an integral part of the orchard since time immemorial under the name 'Early Fruitful'. The small, blue fruits bear the typical plum aroma. The golden yellow flesh dissolves easily from the stone, which the housewife appreciates in the preparation. As a sweet tooth, the delicate plums are very popular with children. Home gardeners still opt for the 'early fertile' today, because despite high average growth, they provide high and regular yields.
  • Picking maturity: beginning to end of August
  • Fertilizer type recommended
Tip: Even premium varieties are not immune to the plum sawfly (Hoplocampa flava). The 5 to 6 mm small pests drive their mischief to the heyday. Madder-contaminated fruits are the unappetizing consequence. White glue traps, glue rings and protective nets have proven to be highly effective for ecological control.

Plum - Prunus domestica

Ersingers Fr├╝hzwetsche
Do you still have a sunny spot in the garden in the lee of sandy-loamy soil? Then this is the ideal location for the traditional plum variety of 1890. Where the setting is right, the tree carries a sweet load of countless fruits that can weigh up to 40 grams. Whether directly from the tree, as a compote, jam or cake topping 'Ersingers Fr├╝hzwetsche' makes a tasty contribution to the summer menu.
  • Picking ripe: mid-July to early August
  • Fertilizer grade required
Buhler Fr├╝hzwetschge
At the beginning of the 20th century, a variety of plums caused a sensation, which quickly became part of the list of the best types of fruit in Germany. The magnificent specimen was discovered in Kappelwindeck near B├╝hl. The name of the breeder could never be determined. The blue, thick fruits are still popular in home gardens. Every year in September with the 'B├╝hler plum festival' the historic variety honored. A treat is the sweet and sour fruits on yeast dough under crunchy butter crumbles.
  • Picking maturity: End of August to mid-September
  • self-fertile
The Czar
In private orchards, the historic plum variety is a welcome guest, because it prepares the gardener for cultivation and care much joy. For the commercial fruit grower 'The Czar' is not interesting, because the shelf life is limited to a few days. This increases the attractiveness for the home gardener, because he is granted the privilege to refresh fresh from the tree on the juicy, sweet and sour pulp.
  • Picking maturity: beginning to end of August
  • self-fertile

New varieties

In the race for the best bobsleigh 'Cacaks Beautiful' takes a top spot in the ranking. In breeding, special attention was paid to important attributes such as juicy pulp, good stone dissolving, large-fruited and full-bodied. The dark blue fruits are very popular with bakers, as an ideal cake topping. In addition, delicious plums and aromatic jams can be made from the plums. The wishes of the house gardener also flowed into the work of the breeders. The new variety convinces with high site tolerance, reliable earning power and low maintenance requirements.
  • Picking ripe: Mid-August to mid-September
  • self-fertile


Those who do not want to be patient until mid-August, supplement the planting plan with 'Tegera'. Just two weeks before 'Cacak's Beauty', the new variety gives you a lush harvest for fresh consumption and as a cake topping. Dark blue dangling the medium-sized plums auspiciously on the tree and exude a pleasant scent. The downer for the interested home gardener is likely to be the low Scharka resistance, so that cultivation in endangered regions is not advisable.
  • Picking ripe: late July to mid-August
  • self-fertile
High Scharka resistance paired with rich fruit hangings make the innovative 'Jojo' an interesting strain for private and commercial gardeners alike. The new breed is therefore listed in the variety recommendations of the Bavarian State Institute for Viticulture and Horticulture.The large fruits are good stone dissolving and provide a firm, sweet flesh. Important to note is the very early flowering period from March, so this plum variety is primarily recommended for warm situations without late frost.
  • Picking maturity: beginning to end of September
  • self-fertile
Are you looking for a plum variety that you can harvest from mid-July? Then we would like to recommend you the new breeding 'Herman'. The dark blue, wonderfully fragrant plums make up for their small size by a juicy, sweet-sour pulp, which can be perfectly solved by the stone. The good Scharka resistance contributes to the fact that the new variety is also highly valued in yield cultivation.
  • Picking ripe: beginning to middle of July
  • self-pollinating
Fruits of record size characterize 'Haganta'. Up to 80 grams brings a plum on the scales. Recommended for the home garden is the new breed not least because of their low susceptibility to the dreaded Scharka's disease. In the second year after planting, this variety brings you the first filled harvest baskets. The fruits turn blue very early, so the gardener should take care not to prematurely start the harvest.
  • Picking maturity: middle to end of September.
  • self-fertile
Combine 'Hanita' with 'Haganta', the Dream team of modern plum varieties thrives in your orchard. With up to 50 grams of fruit, high earning power and robust Scharka resistance, 'Hanita' has become one of the most popular varieties within a few years. Although declared as a self-fertile, both breeds promote each other in terms of taste and yield. Wait with the harvest until the fruits turn dark blue, because when fully ripe, only the right taste unfolds.
  • Picking ripe: Mid-August to early September
  • self-fertile


If you are in the mood for a new, unusual strain, 'Aprimira' comes into play. As a natural cross between Mirabelle and Hauszwetschge, the novelty has some outstanding features to offer. The yellow-orange peel shines with red-purple cheeks. The orange pulp has a high sugar content, which produces a honey-sweet taste. Although Aprimira is referred to in the trade as apricot mirabelle, the research institute Geisenheim expressly points out that apricot pollen or seeds have no part in this variety. Who tastes an aprimira, will not perceive the slightest hint of apricot aroma. Rather, the flesh caresses the palate with a blend of mirabelle and plum flavor.
  • Picking ripe: middle to end of August
  • self-fertile
This lover's variety brings color to the garden with red-violet plums and sweet enjoyment on the table. Predestined for fresh consumption, the new variety remains reserved for the home gardener, who likes to eat the delicious fruit freshly. Since the golden yellow pulp is easily detached from the stone, the morning plum harvest under the hand of the housewife turns into a delicious cake for the coffee table until the afternoon. The yield is so high that in good years additional thinning of the crown is required so that the sweet load does not break the branches. Home gardeners are happy to accept the work, because with the dreaded Scharka infection, they do not have to worry about this new plum variety.
  • Picking maturity: beginning to end of August
  • self-fertile
Geisenheim Top
The ideal plum variety for the small garden scores with a slender figure, white-pink flower fairy tales and steel-blue summer fruits. Thanks to the late flowering in April, the successful breeding of late frosts is avoided. The result is a lush harvest in early autumn, for whose wonderful aroma worth the wait. In addition to space-saving growth, breeders placed increased emphasis on robust resistance to diseases and pests.
  • Picking maturity: middle to end of September
  • self-fertile

Video Board: How To Grow Plum Trees From Seed, Just Over 5 Months Old!.

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