The Content Of The Article:
- Location and ground
- Pouring and fertilizing
- To cut
- Harvest and process plums
- Diseases and pests
Sweet, aromatic and healthy: Anyone who has ever tasted plums from our own vineyards, will not then be satisfied with goods from the supermarket. The trees can be easily grown and cultivated, if the appropriate location selected and paid attention to a suitable substrate. Only hobby gardeners should pay attention to diseases and pests. With a good care, waiting in late summer and autumn, then a rich harvest of popular fruits.
Location and groundPlums need enough heat to develop aromatic fruits. For this reason, the fruit trees feel particularly comfortable in a warm, sunny spot; already partially shaded layers can significantly affect fruit development. In order for the plant to thrive optimally, the appropriate substrate is additionally necessary. The plum tree grows best if the soil used has the following properties:
- rich in nutrients
- sufficiently moist
- sandy-loamy composition
- good through ventilation
Pouring and fertilizingTargeted irrigation and careful fertilization are important prerequisites for a high-yield crop in addition to the optimal location. Above all, trees that have been freshly planted require a lot of water in the beginning, until the roots have formed well. Following usually does not have to be cast specifically provided that the plum tree is located in an area with an average frequency of precipitation. However, prolonged droughts in summer require additional irrigation in these areas as well. Especially suitable for casting:
- pond water
- stale water from the pipe
Basically, the hobby gardener distinguishes between three different types of plum trees:
- semirigid and
- low-seeded varieties.
Then the planting hole is dug, which should be slightly wider than the root ball and as deep that the roots disappear almost entirely in the substrate. After planting the young trees must be carefully poured. A wooden stake as additional support has also proven itself; For this purpose, a strong wooden stick is stuck in the ground, to which one binds the tree. So he is exposed in the first time less stormy winds.
multiplyPlums can be easily multiplied; This works best with the help of the fruit kernel. Anyone who opens the bowl with a hammer quickly gets to the core, which is then stored in the freezer for three to four days. In this way cracking is considerably simplified. With the help of the exposed core, the plant sprouts faster.
Then the core is planted:
- For growing a small flowerpot is sufficient.
- Suitable substrate is a mixture of garden soil and potting soil (50:50)
- The plum core is covered with two centimeters of soil.
- At consistently low temperatures, the nuclei germinate within eight weeks.
In the growing phase, the temperatures should be between 5 and 10° C; If propagation takes place in this way in the cold season, a sheltered place in the garden should be sought for this purpose. During the summer months it is necessary to put the flowerpot in the fridge for two weeks.An alternative method of cultivation consists of cultivating the core on kitchen crepe. For this purpose, a total of five pieces of wet paper are stacked on top of each other, on which one then places the core. In this way winter conditions are simulated. Once the first seedlings are visible, the move can be made in the flowerpot.
Who starts the multiplication in winter, can already look forward to a small seedling in early spring. This must then be supplied with plenty of light and a constantly moist soil. After no more frost is expected, the plantlet moves to its future location. Young plants also need winter protection during the cold season - especially when the tree is not in a protected location. Garden fleece, for example, is suitable for this purpose.
To cutPlum trees need to be cut for various reasons:
- education section
- income section
- Care cut (Auslichten)
Young plum trees initially receive an upbringing cut, but this should only be done two years after planting the tree. In this case, a possible horizontal growth of the crown branches is initiated so that the naturally vertically upwardly growing branches do not stand in the way of each other over time. Only a single vertical central drive is left on the tree. If the tree finally grows in the correct form, only the care cut of the annual care cut is to be carried out. You should keep the crown as light as possible. All branches are removed that grow too narrow, inwards or steeply vertically. Also dry and down-hanging branches are to be removed.
When cutting itself, the hobby gardener observes the following aspects:
- The cut is made from outside to inside.
- Sharp cutting tool is used for cutting.
- Root shoots that form on the trunk must be removed.
- Interfaces should be sealed with wound closure paste.
Harvest and process plumsIn the period between July and October, the fruits on the plum trees are ripe. It has proven to be the right time to harvest; the experienced hobby gardener recognizes a ripe plum on the color, which should be deep blue. It should be noted that not all fruits are ripe at the same time, as they receive different amounts of sun. This means that normally more crops are to be scheduled.
Small plum trees are harvested by hand picking the fruits. If larger quantities of plums are caught, they can also be shaken off the tree.
The best tastes of the freshly picked fruit pure. In addition, however, also offers the further processing; For example, cakes or marmalades can be made from the blue-violet fruits. Also for freezing is the fruit; but then the plums must be cut in half and pitted beforehand. Another way of preserving is to cook.
Diseases and pests
Some plum varieties are particularly susceptible to diseases and pests. A classic disease is the pocket disease, which is easily recognizable because of its typical damage pattern:
- Fruits grow banana-shaped
- on the fruits a light green coating forms
- The surface later turns gray floury
- Fruits remain hard and inedible
The most common pests that can attack plum trees include plum moths and aphids. Both should be combated in time with the help of a mild pesticide. However, those who cultivate their plum tree optimally will seldom have to contend with diseases and pests. A careful care ensures a healthy growth of the tree - and many delicious plums, with which the hobby gardener can sweeten the summer and fall.