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After the garden has blossomed into a summery oasis, the first shoots of fruit trees show up. For more and more gardeners small plum trees have become interesting. The aromatic fruits are in great demand, but the plum tree cut can make many mistakes. Here are some advice to keep the tree in bloom.
The first cut
A plum tree can be more elaborate than many people think. When a tree has been set and blossoms around two years later, it needs regular further treatment. A plum tree is generally set in late autumn or relatively early in the new year section. However, a plum tree branch must not start immediately. If the plant has developed more shoots after about 12 months, a first cut after the winter is important. It is important to make sure that, in addition to the main drive gradually a crown is created. This succeeds if the young tree as possible four to five stronger side branches remain. Important: These later carry more side branches with the coveted fruits and should be robust - green summer shoots best still with your hand away. This should also apply to trees that sometimes remain unattended for a long time. Woody summer shoots weaken the flowers.
The plum tree is cut continuously
Many gardens show that plums often produce few fruits. The main reason for this is the assumption that the rapidly aging branches do not tolerate a cut. However, without a continuous cut, competition drives and unfavorable, weaker branches soon sprout on the tree. Typically, this assumption also holds for the following related species:
- the mirabelles
- the plum
- the Renekloden
- the half-plush
- the Spenlings
The cut of neglected trees
As the previous steps have shown, a plum tree cut should be continuous. However, if you adopt a garden with neglected trees, a more daring technique may be appropriate. Characteristic of a plum tree cut is that the branches are not greatly shortened. This can hurt the plum tree and he may not be able to recover from the procedure. But: Old trees can, if they are appropriately healthy, exceptionally tolerate a strong cut. Especially long and superfluous branches can be sawed off to the stem. In this case, the corresponding branch should have a small residual length, so that the main trunk does not later rot. Dead wood can be cut off until new shoots appear. Even in this case, hobby gardeners should make sure that side shoots do not grow with the main trunk to the bet. If these are stronger side branches, they also need to be splayed out with strings or even wooden beams.
The cut after the harvest time
The plum tree cut can be suitable for all fruit trees of this species. After the harvest, make sure that a smaller clearing takes place. Because plum trees may no longer be cut in the frosty period, as open wounds mean a greater risk. Tip: Even branches that previously carried only plums can suddenly compete with the stronger side branches. If about two years old replacement shoots have formed, such a branch can also be removed once. Characteristic of plum trees is that good branches over age and die off. Thus, treatments for plum trees are somewhat complex, since many wild shoots can develop. But compensate for the sweetish to aromatic bitter fruits that are as suitable for a cake as for Einkochen. There are sometimes larger differences in taste between the plum varieties. Common to all, however, is the soil condition. Plum trees like it when the soil is rich in nutrients, but not dry in summer and warm at the same time.
Benefits & timing
Also, the existing heat automatically prevents fungal infections, which would otherwise be possible in dense vegetation.
As a time for cutting the plum tree, you can recommend the summer months here.While this would not be possible with many other fruit trees, it can be worked and cut back even during the warmest months.
The pruning should be done in the younger years of the plum tree by a good third of the trunk, in older plum trees, however, the cut behaves differently again: here - as already briefly mentioned - remove the older branches and ensure that still develop some main branches can when the cut is done.
Again and again, the cutting of the newly sprouting shoots in plum tree trimming is of great importance.