Toxic flowers in the garden - danger for cats, dogs & Co.


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Toxic beauties in the garden
Plants protect themselves with unpleasant odors, a bitter taste or prickly thorns from being eaten. However, playfulness and curiosity often lead animals to nibble on poisonous plants. Because they can not distinguish what is good and what is bad. So many a houseplant is already a potential source of danger. Whether the parrot picks the aloe vera or the cat sharpens its claws on the rubber tree - toxic substances lurk in many beauties. Among other things in poisonous ornamental plants:
Adonisröschen

  • all plant parts
  • Contains toxic substances such as cardiac glycosides
  • general symptoms of intoxication (see below) and cardiac arrhythmias possible
Aloe vera
  • especially leaves
  • taken orally, the ingredient saponin causes irritation in the mouth and throat, as well as digestive tract
  • strong laxative effect
  • Irritation of the kidneys
  • Paralysis and convulsions
Amaryllis
  • poisonous are the onions
  • Amaryllis such as snowdrop or knight star are dangerous to dogs, cats, guinea pigs and hamsters
  • Onions contain the poison lycorin in high dose
  • general symptoms of intoxication
azalea
  • Flower nectar and leaves
  • initially cause burning sensation in the mouth
  • later, general symptoms of intoxication, irregular heartbeat, muscle weakness and loss of vision are added
boxwood
  • all plant parts
  • contains various alkaloids
  • general symptoms of intoxication
Crown of thorns
  • latex
  • Contains Ingenol esters, which irritate the skin and mucous membranes
  • causes increased salivation and abdominal cramps
  • in contact with the eyes, visual disturbances are possible
Hellebore
  • Roots and seed pods
  • contains toxic substances such as Hellbrin, saponins and protoanemonin
  • general symptoms of intoxication
yew
  • Seeds and needles very toxic
  • contains different alkaloids
  • Circulation breaks down and breathing is paralyzed
angel's Trumpet
  • all parts of the plant, especially roots and seeds are highly toxic
  • contains poisons like atropine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine
  • general symptoms of intoxication
  • Shortness of breath to circulatory and respiratory arrest
ivy
  • Stems, leaves and juice of the plant
  • highly poisonous are the bitter-tasting berries
  • not only pets, also grazing animals endangered
  • irritate mucosa
  • general symptoms of intoxication
  • Consumption often leads to death due to cardiac arrest
thimble
  • all plant parts
  • contains high levels of toxic digitaloids
  • already deadly in small quantities due to cardiac arrest
  • general symptoms of intoxication
  • strong cardiac arrhythmia
broom
  • Seeds and leaves are considered highly toxic
  • contains the toxic alkaloid Spartein
  • poisonous for domestic and grazing animals
  • general symptoms of intoxication
  • Constipation is also possible up to the intestinal obstruction
laburnum
  • ripe seeds
  • contain different quinolizine alkaloids
  • mostly dogs vomit immediately
  • general symptoms of intoxication
Autumn crocus
  • all parts of the plant highly toxic
  • contains the main poison colchicine
  • initially stimulating and then paralyzing
  • General signs of poisoning until cardiovascular failure
hydrangea
  • especially flowers poisonous - even after drying
  • Contains toxic ingredients such as saponins and hydrocyanic acid
  • general symptoms of intoxication
hyacinth
  • all parts of the plant
  • Contains calcium oxalates that damage the mucosa in the mouth and throat
  • general symptoms of intoxication
Cherry and ornamental laurel
  • especially seeds and leaves
  • Flesh almost poison-free
  • contains glycosides as a herbal poison
  • general symptoms of intoxication
  • severe poisoning causes respiratory paralysis
crocus
  • Tuber and scar legs dangerous for pets and grazing animals
  • contains the toxic substance picrococin, which is broken down into safranal.
  • can be deadly for rabbits
  • general symptoms of intoxication

  • all parts, especially fruits and flowers
  • contain glycosides
  • general symptoms of intoxication
  • Cardiac arrhythmia and in the worst case cardiac arrest
oleander
  • all plant parts
  • contains toxic glycosides neroside and oleandrin
  • It causes irritation in the stomach and intestine, restlessness
  • Heart rate drops, heart failure possible
euonymus
  • all plant parts
  • especially seeds contain steroid glycosides
  • general symptoms of intoxication
snowdrop
  • toxic is the onion
  • contains different alkaloids
  • general symptoms of intoxication
belladonna
  • especially the berries
  • toxic ingredients are hyoscyamine, belladonna, apoatropin, scopoletin and scopolamine
  • Poisoning is manifested by aggressiveness, wide pupils, increased thirst, restlessness, tachycardia
  • respiratory distress and respiratory paralysis are also possible
tulips
  • every part of the plant
  • contains tuliposides, which irritate the mucous membranes
  • general symptoms of intoxication
Toxic crops
Not only ornamental plants, but also some crops are dangerous for our beloved four-legged friends. The toxic effect of different crops can sometimes be life-threatening for cats, dogs and the like. The best known among them are:
avocado
  • Pulp and kernel for grazing animals and pets toxic
  • contains the deadly toxic substance Persin
  • Poisoning leads to death
  • not treatable
Wild garlic and garlic
  • easily confused with the leaves of the autumn timeless
  • especially toxic to rodents and horses
  • contain the poisonous alliin
  • general symptoms of intoxication
  • Circulatory disorders, circulation problems
beans
  • contains Toxalbumine (toxic protein compounds)
  • Main active ingredient Phasin
  • especially dangerous for rodents and grazing animals, as well as pigs
  • general symptoms of intoxication
potato plant
  • aerial plant parts
  • Herb contains the toxic substance Solanin
  • this also increases in green and germinating potatoes
  • general symptoms of intoxication
  • sometimes the red blood cells disintegrate
tomato plants
  • Tomato herb and unripe fruits contain solanine and atropine
  • cause in animals in addition to general symptoms of poisoning and mucosal inflammation
walnut
  • poisonous are the fruit peel
  • The mushroom contained in them acts like nerve poison
  • leads to immediate death
onions
  • toxic in any form to dogs and cats
  • Ingredients destroy red blood cells, which can lead to anemia
Tip: irrigation water is especially appealing to beloved four-legged friends. If this is enriched with fertilizer, dogs and cats should be kept away when watering the garden plants.
Symptoms of poisoning
If the beloved pets have taken poisonous parts of the plant, owners can recognize this by the following signs:
  • increased salivation
  • Vomit
  • diarrhea
  • painful abdominal cramps
  • uncontrolled body control such as trembling or stumbling
  • difficult breathing
  • sinking sympathy to lethargy
  • Enlargement or narrowing of the pupils
First aid measures
Despite all precautions, it can happen again and again that dog, cat and Co. excavate flower bulbs or nibble on poisonous parts of plants. Here, the first care looks like this:
  • Remove leftovers from the mouth and rinse thoroughly with water
  • Rinse off parts of the body that have come into contact with toxic parts of the plant
  • Animal watching
  • show the above-mentioned symptoms of poisoning, the veterinarian should be contacted and visited
  • If there are any leftovers, take them with you to determine the plant
frequently asked Questions
  • Are pets allowed to snack grapes? - Grapes are harmful to pets both fresh and dried. Due to the contained oxalic acid it can lead to acute kidney failure.
  • Are stone fruit seeds harmful? - The kernels of all stone fruit varieties should be taboo for dogs and cats. They contain poisons, from which hydrogen cyanide splits off in the organism of the animal and cell division is blocked. The result is typical symptoms of poisoning that can lead to death.
Worth knowing about poisonous flowers soon
Not a few "poisonous beauties" are native to our local flowerpots and gardens. Many of them even extremely popular. Some of the most famous poison flowers in our gardens and living rooms are:
  • the lily of the valley,
  • the Snowdrop,
  • the larkspur,
  • the thimble,
  • the laburnum,
  • Oleander,
  • the autumnal season,
  • the cup primrose
  • and the Belladonna ally.
The biggest danger are the poisonous flowers, in our home or our garden, for small children dar. Finally, these are always trying to put everything in the mouth anyway or to taste. And most of the poisonous flowers look enticingly colorful and exude a pleasant scent. Therefore, it is important to watch carefully, especially with small children, which flower they pick from the meadow! But many adults rarely know exactly which plants are poisonous and what the poison of a plant can do.
Example: Laburnum
The laburnum, for example, is a beautiful shrub that makes every garden shine with its bright yellow flowers. But as beautiful as the golden rain is, so dangerous is it. The seeds of this shrub, when mature, are reminiscent of beans in their shape. And this part of the plant is also the most poisonous. The contained substance can cause nausea, vomiting and tremor even in small amounts. There are even cases where the uptake of parts of the plant has led to death. In these cases respiratory paralysis or total circulatory failure occurred.
Example: thimble
Another beautiful but poisonous inhabitant of our gardens is the thimble. And about the thimble, too, most people know that it is poisonous. But how toxic exactly, the fewest know. There are of course different types of thimble. They differ in the shape of the flowers, the stems and the leaves. However, all thimble species have one thing in common: they are all highly toxic.Even small amounts of thimble poison can cause nausea and vomiting. This condition can last for several days. Even worse, however, are the consequences that the poison has on the heart and circulation. The pulse drops continuously (down to 20 beats per minute) while the blood pressure rises. It comes to cardiac arrhythmia and this can even lead to cardiac arrest, so to death.
Example: cup primer
In indoor plants, the cup primrose is one of the most poisonous. Not for nothing she wears the appropriate nickname: Giftprimel! If you have small children or pets, you might want to refrain from putting this flower in the apartment. The primrose has small glandular hairs on its stems, over which it secretes a toxic secretion. Therefore, for example, you should be especially careful when removing dead leaves and avoid skin contact. If this toxic secretion comes to the skin, it can cause irritation, swelling, itching, blistering and pain. The symptoms even get worse each time you come into contact with the secretion.

Video Board: 13 Common House Plants Poisonous to Dogs and Cats.

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