The Content Of The Article:
- Wanted poster "Cats and poison"
- For cats poisonous plants A-K
- Poisonous plants M-Z
- The cat-borne household
- New poison = new danger for cats?
- Toxic threats to free-fallers
"Cats naturally know what's good for you or not" - but many a velvet paw has forgotten why the cat owner should know the poisonous plants for cats. Below you will learn about the really dangerous houseplants for cats and a few other home poisons. In addition, you will learn why some poisons are not even and what even experienced free-range cats should be aware of.
Wanted poster "Cats and poison"Cats initially respond to the same poisons as all mammals. Therefore, many of the same named poison plants also appear in poison plants lists for humans, dogs, cattle. It should be noted, however, that the 4 kg cat is much more sensitive than 30 kg dog or 75 kg human.
Furthermore, there are species-specific sensitivities in every mammal. Currently a field of ongoing discoveries and new differentiations. For cat owners, freshly published articles on "cats and poison" are therefore required reading.
However, new poisons (on "Internet Cat Pages") should be treated with caution. Maybe it is neither new nor dangerous for cats, but only "reader poison" (= not / bad / wrongly researched information).
For cats poisonous plants A-K
There are so many poisonous plants that it would not be possible to see the list fast enough in an emergency. Therefore, below are listed only plants that your cat really should not snack on:
- Aloe, Aloe spec., Medium poison
- Cyclamen, Cyclamen persicum, medium poisonous
- Amaryllis, Hippeastrum spec., Medium poisonous
- Aralia, Aralia spec., Medium poisonous
- Aronkelch, Zantedeschia aethiopica, medium poisonous
- Avocado, persea gratissima, toxic, gastrointestinal symptoms + pancreatitis
- Azalea, see Rhododendron, highly toxic
- Belladonna ally, Amaryllis belladonna, highly poisonous
- Birch fig, Ficus benjamina, medium poisonous
- Bow hemp, Sansevieria trifascata, medium poisonous
- Brunfelsie, Manaka, Brunfelsia sp. medium poisonous
- Buntwurz, Caladium bicolor, medium poisonous
- Dieffenbachie, Dieffenbachia senguine, highly poisonous
- Dragon tree, Dracaena drago, medium poisonous
- Efutute, Scindapsus spec., Medium poisonous
- Leaves, Spathiphyllum floribundum, medium poisonous
- Window leaf, Monstera spec., Medium poisonous
- Ficus, Ficus spec., Medium poisonous
- Flamingo flower, Anthurium spec., Medium poisonous
- Flaming Katy, Kalanchoe spec., Medium poisonous
- Rubber tree, Ficus elastica, medium poisonous
- Celestial bloom, Duranta erecta highly poisonous
- Cocoa tree, Theobroma cacao, highly toxic
- Kaladie, Caladium bicolor, medium toxic
- Kalanchoe, Kalanchoe spec., Medium poisonous
- Camellia, Camelia sp., Tea plant leaves contain caffeine, toxic in amounts
- Klivie, Klivia miniata, medium poisonous
- Piston thread, Aglaonema commutatum, medium toxic
- Coral trees, Solanum pseudocapsicum, medium poisonous
- Croton, Codiaeum variegatum, highly toxic
Poisonous plants M-Z
- Macadamia, Macadamia integrifolia, Toxic, Unknown Mechanisms of Action, Muscular tremors, Lameness, Joint stiffness, High fever
- Cycads, Cycas spec., Medium poisonous
- Palmlilie, Yucca elephantipes, medium poisonous
- Philodendron, Philodendron spec., Medium poisonous
- Greater Lily, Gloriosa superba, highly poisonous
- Purple Turkey, Syngonium podophyllum, medium poisonous
- Belt blade, Clivia miniata, medium poisonous
- Ritterstern, Hippeastrum spec., Medium poisonous
- Glory Crown, Gloriosa rothschildiana, highly poisonous
- Clam tree, Thevetia peruviana highly poisonous
- Skewed leaf, Begonia spec., Medium poisonous
- Pigeon berry, Duranta erecta highly poisonous
- Tropical oleander, Thevetia peruviana, highly toxic
- Poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima, highly toxic, the existing non-toxic varieties can not be distinguished from the toxic ones.
- Wunderstrauch, Codiaeum variegatum, highly poisonous
- Desert Rose, Adenium obesum, highly toxic
- Yucca, Yucca elephantipes, medium poisonous
- Ornamental paprika, Capsicum annuum, whole plant highly toxic, fruits contain only a few alkaloids
- Zimmeraralie, Fatsia japonica, medium poisonous
- Zimmercalla, Zantedeschia aethiopica, medium poisonous
Not only substances that cats inadvertently ingest can be dangerous to the animals. But also substances that people apply to parasite defense (in too high a dose) on coat / skin. For example, two cats died of a pyrethroid-containing infusion that their owner had massaged into their fur against pests in good faith. The pyrethroids / pyrethrins (and other poisons that serve the same purpose) can also be sold to the cats as collars, shampoo, spot-on preparation, dip and ear clip.
The cat-borne household
- Avocados: toxic, gastrointestinal symptoms + pancreatitis
- Yeast dough / sourdough raw: Alcohol poisoning
- Cocoa, chocolate: highly toxic
- Garlic: poisonous in quantities
- Macadamia nuts: toxic, mechanisms of action unknown, muscle tremors, lameness, joint stiffness, high fever
- Milk: As with human rearing food, which induces vomiting and diarrhea in many adult individuals
- Raisins: highly toxic, from 2.6 g raisins per kg body weight kidney failure possible, reason unknown
- Tobacco: highly toxic, 5-25 grams of tobacco or a cigarette butt can kill a cat
- Tea tree oil: incompatible, the cat's body can barely break down the phenols and terpinene it contains
- Grapes: highly toxic, from 10 g of grapes per kg of body weight Kidney failure possible, reason unknown
- Xylitol (sweetener): Harms by increasing insulin secretion, resulting in life-threatening drop in blood sugar levels
- Onion: poisonous, also cooked in larger quantities
New poison = new danger for cats?If you find out all about toxins that could harm your cats, you will barely get past the "poisonous walnuts", which then often lead to the "poisonous Roquefort". Blame is the newly discovered, dangerous mold poison "Roquefortin", which is just on "cat pages" on the Internet makes the rounds. This "new dangerous poison" is neither new nor dangerous: The first publications on Roquefortin C are almost 30 years old, when the fungus toxin was first isolated from a Penicillium roqueforti strain. Penicillium roqueforti is the mold fungus that since 1060 (Roquefort), 11th century (Gorgonzola), 1730 (Blue Stilton), early 20th century (Danish Blue) ensures that these cheeses contain the typical blue veins, without people or Cats typically bless the temporal blessing after consuming these cheeses.
The walnut itself is not displayed on the cat's side as poisonous, the nutshell is only often affected by Roquefortin-forming Penicillium roqueforti mushrooms, according to cat pages with evil consequences: "... Roquefortin acts in vertebrates poisonous, nerve poison, leads to convulsions... in the worst Case to death ", to Roquefortin in Roquefort cheese is advised" without knowing the quantities of toxins contained "to make" to ensure that the cat never eats Roquefort cheese "(deliberately analogous and not quoted with exact text, because it's not about messing up the websites of dedicated cat friends, but poison info for cat friends who do not create unnecessary fears).
The cheese-loving Roquefort friend with a cat should be so insecure after reading these pages that he thinks about serving the next cheeseboard for the party buffet without any blue cheese or moving the cats out during the party. What a pity for the guests or for the cats would be... the whole walnut cheese poisoning cry for a few facts, with which the toxicity of walnut, cheese and Co. can better be classified.
These facts can be found on the Internet: A group of US scientists dealt with Roquefortin C in cheese in 2001, freely translated: "Roquefortin C content in cheeses between 0.05 to 1.47 mg / kg... low content and low toxicity of Roquefortin C ensure consumption of blue cheese for consumers "(ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11271775). A TU Munich dissertation from 2005 on the "Influence of Roquefortin C on Animal Health..." lists all the toxicity data so far investigated for Roquefortin C. In 4 studies, laboratory mice were given up to 189 mg Roquefortin C per kg body weight without any neurological changes killed (maybe not so well) laboratory mice with "only" 100 mg per kg of body weight (mediatum.ub.tum.de/doc/603663/603663.pdf).
Of course, any cautious scientist / cat lover will turn to the investigation with the lethal outcome when it comes to the amounts that cats can safely eat. These can be calculated: If your cat completely plastered a commercially available 100 g Roquefort pack, she consumes 0.005 to 0.147 mg Roquefortin C. It becomes dangerous for a normal 4 kg cat from 400 mg Roquefortin C, so the cat would have to eat 272 kilograms of Roquefort (and similar amounts of walnut shells, in the nuts itself should be much less Roquefortin C) Roquefortin-C poisoning to die. Even conservative scientists / cat lovers may assume that Roquefortin C cats can not kill because they would burst previously by too much blue cheese... and dedicated cat lovers are asked, for the benefit of all prefer not to "invent new poisons", but either to research or simply omit the substance in question.
Cats fall victim to poisoning, but statistically very rarely. More often, cats suffer from the effects of a diet consisting of only processed foods. What is sold in (expensive) mini containers with parsley on the lid, belongs in the opinion of many critics in a very different container (without parsley on the lid, also called garbage bin).It is less about only processed into animal food meat parts such as offal, heads, legs; they should share people with access to healthy meat more often with their cat, because they contain more / other ingredients than the otherwise consumed muscle meat. But it is about that meat products from conventional factory farming can also contain as "cat meat" all that increasingly spoils sensitive (cheap) meat consumption, but are metabolized in the cat by a 20-fold smaller organism. If you are informed about healthy cat nutrition without ready-made food, you can also feed your cats significantly cheaper.
Toxic threats to free-fallers
However, in today's environment there are two scenarios that require special attention and may even harm the smart cats:
1. Invasive neophytes
Even a seasoned barge, who can easily handle any cat rowdie in the area, has no scientific education in botany that prepares him for contact with plants from foreign countries.
Respectively, to avoid contact with plants from foreign countries, because every skin contact with the pretty white umbelliferous plants (Hercules shrubs) can end in bad, burn-like, poorly healing wounds. Botany classes for the cat will not do much, but it makes sense to ask your community why the dangerous stuff has not been razed to the ground yet. This also applies to Herculean shrubs on private property: property required, for example, to keep the planting in his garden in a state that does not harm passing or jumping, creeping (travelers, flying, etc.).
At the community, you can also inquire if other invasive neophytes are under special surveillance in your area, which can be dangerous to cats.
2. Aggressive citizens
If you let your cats run around outside in the spring without a bell-choker, it should be a leisurely copy of his curves, which no one can trust in a few meters of fast hunt. Otherwise, in our increasingly intolerant society, there is always the danger that an overzealous bird-fighter wants to protect the birds with cat killing.
If an overzealous bird-keeper is animated by chasing cats to (de) act, poison baits are also gladly used once. Then the first to succumb to the plump, leisurely cats that just can catch a snail... besides, all the cat owners in the area have to do properly, with cat employment instead of clearance, looking for poison baits, etc. Always watch out for cat owners. Conversations, messages, and forums in your area, when lures are laid somewhere, that usually gets around very quickly.
You do not find this intervention in the evolution so great, cats hunt birds once? Of course, that would allow the birds to handle them without any problems (the catch rates of domestic cats are statistically cat-shy low), if they were not affected by the "few thousand" human interventions... here: youtube.com/watch? v = mLByIqmvvtk explains why our songbirds die out and what you can do about it, even if domestic cats are not the problem. The songbirds definitely want to say thank you for every little bell collar.
Video Board: 13 Common House Plants Poisonous to Dogs and Cats.