The Content Of The Article:
The fern family is diverse. You can find them all over the world. With a few exceptions of their kind, the ferns love shady, damp places in woods, crevices, ravines or cracks in the walls. Even on the damp stream banks feel comfortable. Not surprisingly, most species come from the tropics. Even the world's largest ferns, the tree ferns, have their origins in the tropical rainforest. The small spotted fern 'Polypodium vulgare' is native to Europe, North America, Asia and South Africa.
The most diverse ferns have long been a permanent habitat in our gardens. One of the most popular ferns is the Tüpfelfarn. He got this name because of its dark, feathery and winter green fronds, which show red dots on the underside. Because he is not strong and only 20 to 40 inches high, garden designers and hobby gardeners appreciate him. The botanical name 'vulgaris' means common or common and refers to the simplicity of the spotted fern. The daffodil loves it half shady to shady. That's why it fits perfectly in or among trees. It is wintergreen, always fresh and moist and gives the shady areas of the garden a beautiful and picturesque nuance.
Characteristics of the Tüpfelfarns, bot. Polypodium vulgare
- German names: Tüelfelfarn, Ordinary Tüpfelfarn, Engelsüß
- Plant Family: Spotted Fungus Family, Polypodiaceae
- Origin: Tropical forests of South America
- Leaves: simply pinnate
- Leaf decoration: yes
- Fruit: spores
- Foliage: wintergreen
- Foliage color: dark green
- Flowering: no flowering, the speckled ferns multiply by spores
- Plant requirements: 3 to 5 plants per square meter
- Planting distance: 30 to 40 centimeters
- Habitat: Partial shade to shade
- Growth height: 20 to 40 centimeters
- Growth: flat, carpet-like
- Hardy: yes
- Perennial: yes
- Soil requirement: well drained, low nutrient requirement, high humus requirement
- Use: Planting under bushes and trees, stone joints, rockeries, natural gardens
Location & ground
The ideal location for the Tüpfelfarn is in the partial shade to shade. 'Polypodium vulgare' needs well-drained soils for healthy growth. The nutrient requirement of the plant is low. Humus for powerful growth.
The spotted fern feels good on fresh soil that should not dry out. In case of long drought, regular watering is required. In spring, the fern needs compost or horn shavings. Well-incorporated into the soil, this fertilizer provides a healthy, powerful growth.
'Polypodium vulgare' loves to be in the same location for many years. If this location of the plant provides the optimal conditions, the fern needs little care.
The spotted fern can be easily multiplied. This is done by dividing the plant. The best time to divide is spring or fall.
'Angel sweet' is persistent and perennial. The fern is good frost hardy. In autumn, the plant should not be cut back. The fronds are a good winter decoration and at the same time a frost protection for the eyrie of the fern.
'Polypodium vulgare' finds its optimal location in partial shade to shade on stone beds, in stone columns, dry stone walls, under bushes and trees and on riparian zones. He is often selected as a leaf ornamental shrub and provides greenery for picturesque bouquets. An impressive visual spectacle offers a plantation of ferns and grasses. Here graceful appearance and decorative leaves combine to make a visual eye-catcher. Even in front of tall flowering shrubs and roses as well as the border of a bed of semi-shade the spotted fern is the right choice.
Tip: Snails do not like ferns. To protect other plants from them, simply place a ring of spotted fern around the endangered plant.
The Tüpfelfarn as a houseplant
'Angel Sweet' (Tüpfelfarn) is also suitable as a houseplant and as such very popular. Also in the room the Tüpfelfarn prefers a partially shaded place. East or West windows are ideal, but it also thrives in the shade. A full sunnier window seat, however, the Tüpfelfarn can not stand in the room. The highest possible humidity at temperatures of about 20° Celsius is optimal. In winter, temperatures range from about 16° Celsius. Dry air does not harm the plant, but on hot days for additional moisture by spraying thankful.
As with all ferns, keeping the earth moist is especially important. In the spring, the plant can be repotted. Unit earth in shallow pots is sufficient. Even a planting in hydroponic tolerates the Tüpfelfarn without complaint.
Keep 'angel sweet' regularly, even in winter, slightly damp. Room-warm, lime-poor water is the right thing. On particularly warm days or during heating season, occasional spraying with lukewarm water will make the stinging fern look good.
It has been proven to fertilize the fern all year round, but at least from spring to autumn. The fertilizer is given every 14 days. However, half the dose indicated on the package is sufficient.
A repotting is only necessary if the planter is overgrown by the roots. The right time for repotting is the months of March and April. Optimal is a plant substrate made of peat or a mixture of Lauberde and sharp sand. The new planter only slightly larger than the old choose. If, after a few transplanting operations, the pot has reached a size of 20 to 25 centimeters, the time has come to divide the plant.
Share & multiply
The easiest way to divide and multiply the spotted fern during repotting. The fern is removed from the old planter and the rhizome can be split. All parts get a size-appropriate plant pot and will continue to grow well and thrive.
Tip: Cut over the edge grown root parts before repotting.
Diseases & pests
The spotted fern is not very susceptible to disease. Only irregular casting he resents. Withered leaf margins are the first unmistakable sign.
Even for pests, the plant is not susceptible. However, when the air is too dry, insect lice sometimes appear. An increase in humidity and a prompt collection of scale insects helps.
Frequently asked questions
Can I also plant the spotted fern in a dry location in front of a high wall? The place is in partial shade.
Yes, provided it is watered regularly. Because drought does not tolerate 'Polypodium vulgare'.
At the time of purchase, I was told that the simple spotted fern is not susceptible to pests. My Zimmerfarn got however Schildläuse. What happened and how do I fight the scale insects?
If the fern has been attacked by scale insects, the room air in the location is too dry. Remedy the careful collection of scale insects and an increase in humidity.