The Content Of The Article:
- Location in spring and summer
- to water
- To cut
Lavish bellflowers, spectacular fruits, and a biblical life expectancy are the outstanding attributes of a pomegranate tree. If expert care is given to the Mediterranean ornamental and fruit trees, its picturesque flower magic unfolds north of the Alps. Even the harvest of furious pomegranates is close enough to touch. This guide will familiarize you with all aspects of perfect cultivation in the tub. So cultivate and overwinter the pomegranate properly.
Location in spring and summerThe range of the pomegranate tree extends over Central and Western Asia as well as the sun-drenched regions on the Mediterranean. Consequently, a Punica granatum has not learned to thrive in winter conditions. This circumstance requires special conditions on the site, so that the beautiful flowers and unmistakable fruits appear in large numbers. How to properly place the bucket in the garden and on the balcony:
- Full sun, warm location with at least 3 to 4 hours of sunshine
- Ideally protected from wind and rain
- Temperatures not lower than 5 degrees Celsius even at night
Tip: In mild climate regions of hardiness zones 7 and 8, you can plant a pomegranate tree in the field. Assuming that it is a sunny and sheltered location, the plant survives temperatures up to - 10 degrees Celsius in a sheltered location. Also indispensable is a transparent, breathable protection against winter endurance due to snow and rain.
substratumIn its Asian, subtropical and Mediterranean distribution areas, the pomegranate tree prefers to grow on well-drained, sandy and nutrient-rich soils. The better the substrate in the bucket simulates this soil quality, the more vital the growth and flowering will turn out to be. We recommend a high-quality, peat-free potting soil as substrate. A high proportion of peat is highly questionable not only for environmental protection reasons. In addition, peat-containing potting soil loses a lot of water power once it has dried. By using a substrate mix of green waste compost, wood fibers and bark humus, you can provide your exotic flowering shrubs with ideal living conditions.
Tip: Pomegranate trees from the hardware store or garden center are often in normal, peat-rich potting soil. For the perfect start in your new home, top up your freshly purchased Punica granatum quickly into the substrate recommended here.
- Water abundantly and regularly as soon as the substrate surface has dried
- Water penetrate penetratingly to ensure a constant moisture inside the root ball
- Pour out coasters after 10 minutes to avoid damaging waterlogging
- Let the soil dry until the next pouring pass
FertilizeThe summer nutrient requirement is as high as the water requirement. Therefore, apply a pomegranate weekly from March to September. For this purpose, add a liquid fertilizer to the irrigation water according to the manufacturer's instructions. If the substrate is dry, first pour with clear water. This care prevents the salts contained from causing damage to the dried-on roots. Commercially available fruit and berry fertilizers as well as special citrus fertilizers in liquid form are ideally suited for the supply of nutrients.
Should the ornamental tree signal a weakened constitution by means of leaf shedding or brown leaf margins, stop taking fertilizer. Disruptions in the metabolism affect the uptake of nutrients, so that accumulates in the substrate, an excess of salts, resulting in root damage. Only when problems in the cultivation are remedied, the nutrient supply begins again.
To cutCharacteristic of the pomegranate is the growth of its pretty bell flowers in terminal clumps. This feature implies that pruning causes serious consequences. In the summer, cut off the branches and end all hopes for the desired pomegranates in autumn. If you pick up the scissors in the spring, most of the buds fall victim to this year's flower festival. Under which premises a cut makes sense, we have summarized below:
- Best time is during the hibernation between December and March
- Cut back too long shoots by up to two thirds
- Cut just above a leaf knot or bud
- Defrost dead branches at the base
- Too tight, intersecting and inward shoots remove
Tip: A pruning in the midst of winter time is accompanied by the increased risk of pest infestation. Therefore, disinfect the blades of the tool carefully. Contaminated scissors and saws are the most common causes of infections of all kinds on the pomegranate tree.
Do not give too earlyThe pomegranate tree is one of the illustrious circle of Mediterranean plants that for a short time get over temperatures below freezing. Therefore, there is no hurry when autumn arrives. On the contrary, you significantly impair the plant's resilience by prematurely moving to winter quarters. The longer a Punica shrub can refuel fresh air and sunlight, the better he is prepared for the hardships of the dark season. Please do not bring in the bucket until the mercury column drops below the zero-degree mark at night. Remove the remaining leaves first, if they have not fallen off yet.
Winter care on a low flameIn the ideal winter quarters, there is a combination of cool and light. Please do not allow your pomegranate to hibernate in the well-heated, dimly lit living room. Even the seemingly cool, unheated bedroom can still be too warm. Rather choose a bright location with temperatures between 5 and 10 degrees Celsius. How to care for a pomegranate tree in winter:
- Do not fertilize from October to February
- Pour in sips in winter, so that the root ball does not dry out
- Check regularly for pest infestation
Do not clear out too lateProper clearing of pomegranates runs under the opposite sign than the granting. The sooner your exotic winter guests leave the house, the better for growth, health and flowering. To determine the optimum time, again a minimum-maximum thermometer is used. Here you can read in the morning, at which low point the mercury column stopped the night before. If the nightly temperatures in March / April do not drop significantly below freezing over the course of a week, clear out the plant. Due to the mobility as a container plant, if necessary, you can bring the shrub or tree into the house overnight, provided that the meteorologists announce a delayed onset of winter.
- Using a long knife, loosen the root ball from the bucket wall
- Lay the bucket on its side to cut out grown roots
- Hold the pot with one hand while the other hand covers the root neck
- Slowly pull the plant out of the bucket
- Shake off the old soil, remove any rough chunks with your fingers if necessary