Pomegranate tree care from A to Z + so overwinter the pomegranate

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Pomegranate tree care from A to Z + so overwinter the pomegranate: tree

Lavish bellflowers, spectacular fruits, and a biblical life expectancy are the outstanding attributes of a pomegranate tree. If expert care is given to the Mediterranean ornamental and fruit trees, its picturesque flower magic unfolds north of the Alps. Even the harvest of furious pomegranates is close enough to touch. This guide will familiarize you with all aspects of perfect cultivation in the tub. So cultivate and overwinter the pomegranate properly.

Location in spring and summer

The range of the pomegranate tree extends over Central and Western Asia as well as the sun-drenched regions on the Mediterranean. Consequently, a Punica granatum has not learned to thrive in winter conditions. This circumstance requires special conditions on the site, so that the beautiful flowers and unmistakable fruits appear in large numbers. How to properly place the bucket in the garden and on the balcony:
  • Full sun, warm location with at least 3 to 4 hours of sunshine
  • Ideally protected from wind and rain
  • Temperatures not lower than 5 degrees Celsius even at night
The pomegranate tree is said to tolerate short-term minus temperatures of - 10 degrees Celsius without damage. However, a sample test is not recommended, especially in young, less hardened potted plants. Please do not empty the tree until spring night temperatures have been shown to be around the 5 degree mark. A minimum-maximum thermometer at the designated location indicates when the plant can take its place under the open sky. Since the crown is still without leaves at this time, a previous acclimatization in half shady place is unnecessary.
Tip: In mild climate regions of hardiness zones 7 and 8, you can plant a pomegranate tree in the field. Assuming that it is a sunny and sheltered location, the plant survives temperatures up to - 10 degrees Celsius in a sheltered location. Also indispensable is a transparent, breathable protection against winter endurance due to snow and rain.


In its Asian, subtropical and Mediterranean distribution areas, the pomegranate tree prefers to grow on well-drained, sandy and nutrient-rich soils. The better the substrate in the bucket simulates this soil quality, the more vital the growth and flowering will turn out to be. We recommend a high-quality, peat-free potting soil as substrate. A high proportion of peat is highly questionable not only for environmental protection reasons. In addition, peat-containing potting soil loses a lot of water power once it has dried. By using a substrate mix of green waste compost, wood fibers and bark humus, you can provide your exotic flowering shrubs with ideal living conditions.
Tip: Pomegranate trees from the hardware store or garden center are often in normal, peat-rich potting soil. For the perfect start in your new home, top up your freshly purchased Punica granatum quickly into the substrate recommended here.

to water

Pomegranate - Punica granatum

Long before flowering begins in June, the pomegranate shines with a thick dress of soft, lush green leaves. The degree of evaporation is correspondingly high at full sun. Regular casting is therefore one of the key functions in the care program. How to do it right:
  • Water abundantly and regularly as soon as the substrate surface has dried
  • Water penetrate penetratingly to ensure a constant moisture inside the root ball
  • Pour out coasters after 10 minutes to avoid damaging waterlogging
  • Let the soil dry until the next pouring pass
Use mainly filtered rainwater or stale tap water. Under the influence of blazing midday sun, a pomegranate tree should be watered only in exceptional cases, as long as it is threatened by acute drought stress and throws off its leaves. Instead, water in the early morning and, if necessary, in the evening. Do not overspray the plant, but allow the water from the watering can to run directly onto the root ball.


The summer nutrient requirement is as high as the water requirement. Therefore, apply a pomegranate weekly from March to September. For this purpose, add a liquid fertilizer to the irrigation water according to the manufacturer's instructions. If the substrate is dry, first pour with clear water. This care prevents the salts contained from causing damage to the dried-on roots. Commercially available fruit and berry fertilizers as well as special citrus fertilizers in liquid form are ideally suited for the supply of nutrients.
Should the ornamental tree signal a weakened constitution by means of leaf shedding or brown leaf margins, stop taking fertilizer. Disruptions in the metabolism affect the uptake of nutrients, so that accumulates in the substrate, an excess of salts, resulting in root damage. Only when problems in the cultivation are remedied, the nutrient supply begins again.

To cut

Characteristic of the pomegranate is the growth of its pretty bell flowers in terminal clumps. This feature implies that pruning causes serious consequences. In the summer, cut off the branches and end all hopes for the desired pomegranates in autumn. If you pick up the scissors in the spring, most of the buds fall victim to this year's flower festival. Under which premises a cut makes sense, we have summarized below:
  • Best time is during the hibernation between December and March
  • Cut back too long shoots by up to two thirds
  • Cut just above a leaf knot or bud
  • Defrost dead branches at the base
  • Too tight, intersecting and inward shoots remove
You are effectively preventing scaling and aging by cutting off the two oldest shoots every 2 years. This measure creates space for new growth, so that a continuous rejuvenation takes place. In the same turn, the shrub or crown can not be frosted because the light can penetrate deep into the plant.
Tip: A pruning in the midst of winter time is accompanied by the increased risk of pest infestation. Therefore, disinfect the blades of the tool carefully. Contaminated scissors and saws are the most common causes of infections of all kinds on the pomegranate tree.


Pomegranate - Punica granatum

When temperatures fall in autumn, the pomegranate tree drops its leaves. This feature makes hibernation north of the Alps much easier than for evergreen ornamental and fruit trees from southern Europe. Without the foliage, the water requirement is reduced. At the same time, the nutrient supply sinks to zero. Determining the right time to move to winter quarters is still the hardest criterion in the wintering program. How to successfully guide a pomegranate tree through the winter:

Do not give too early

The pomegranate tree is one of the illustrious circle of Mediterranean plants that for a short time get over temperatures below freezing. Therefore, there is no hurry when autumn arrives. On the contrary, you significantly impair the plant's resilience by prematurely moving to winter quarters. The longer a Punica shrub can refuel fresh air and sunlight, the better he is prepared for the hardships of the dark season. Please do not bring in the bucket until the mercury column drops below the zero-degree mark at night. Remove the remaining leaves first, if they have not fallen off yet.

Winter care on a low flame

In the ideal winter quarters, there is a combination of cool and light. Please do not allow your pomegranate to hibernate in the well-heated, dimly lit living room. Even the seemingly cool, unheated bedroom can still be too warm. Rather choose a bright location with temperatures between 5 and 10 degrees Celsius. How to care for a pomegranate tree in winter:
  • Do not fertilize from October to February
  • Pour in sips in winter, so that the root ball does not dry out
  • Check regularly for pest infestation
Where no unheated winter garden or a cool greenhouse is available for wintering, a non-heated staircase serves as a suitable alternative. Place the bucket as close as possible to a window that is not tilted to ventilate the room. Alternatively, overwinter your precious pomegranate tree in a special wintering tent with an integrated frost guard in a bright spot in the garden or on the balcony.

Do not clear out too late

Proper clearing of pomegranates runs under the opposite sign than the granting. The sooner your exotic winter guests leave the house, the better for growth, health and flowering. To determine the optimum time, again a minimum-maximum thermometer is used. Here you can read in the morning, at which low point the mercury column stopped the night before. If the nightly temperatures in March / April do not drop significantly below freezing over the course of a week, clear out the plant. Due to the mobility as a container plant, if necessary, you can bring the shrub or tree into the house overnight, provided that the meteorologists announce a delayed onset of winter.


Pomegranate - Punica granatum

At intervals of 2 to 3 years, a pomegranate tree has completely rooted its bucket. If the roots push through the substrate surface or grow out of the bottom opening, the maintenance program is extended to the change into a larger pot.The best time for the action is after a pruning or before clearing out in the spring. The new bucket should provide the root ball with two fingers of space up to the edge of the vessel. Indispensable is at least one opening in the bottom of the pot as drainage. A 3 to 5 cm thick drainage of expanded clay or pottery shards prevents waterlogging. How to expertly pomegranate a pomegranate:
  • Using a long knife, loosen the root ball from the bucket wall
  • Lay the bucket on its side to cut out grown roots
  • Hold the pot with one hand while the other hand covers the root neck
  • Slowly pull the plant out of the bucket
  • Shake off the old soil, remove any rough chunks with your fingers if necessary
If the root ball is substrate-free, this is an excellent opportunity to excise dead roots. Now pour a few handfuls of potted plant soil into the new pot and position the root ball in the center. While stabilizing the plant with one hand, gradually add more substrate with the other hand. The previous planting depth should be preserved, as well as a pouring margin of 2 to 3 cm. In the end, pour in the pomegranate tree with soft, room-warm water. Fresh substrate has a nutrient supply for about 6 to 8 weeks. Only at the end of this time does the weekly administration of fertilizer begin.

Video Board: Fruit growing on my pomegranate tree grown from seed?.

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