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Basic cleaning in the spring
After the winter months, dead plant parts and leaves have settled on the bottom of the pond, where they rot. The resulting toxins bring flora and fauna in and in the pond system in danger. For this reason, thorough cleaning is advised in the spring. For this, the rule of thumb applies to every hobby gardener: Working from the bottom up! If there are no fish in the pond, drain all the water from the garden pond. This is done with pump and hose. A quarter of the old amount of water should remain in the pond when fish are settled, as a complete renewal of the water can cause shock to the fish. With the help of this amount of water, the pond system regenerates itself automatically and returns to its original quality.
When sucking in the three-quarters of water, a sieve should be used in front of the hose, so that smaller fish are not sucked in. Once the water level has been reached, first check the plants and their outgrowths. Any over-cut plants should be cut and cut into shape. Old shoots are to be removed, as they like to rot. To clean the pond liner, we recommend a high-pressure cleaner, which quickly and efficiently removes algae and sludge. After cleaning the edge attachment of gravel or stones then the dirty residual water is pumped out. Leaves and parts of plants should also be disposed of before the pond is slowly refilled with fresh water. Due to the slow inflow of fresh water, plants and animals can get used to the new water composition and the temperature, so any remaining dirt particles settle on the bottom of the pond.
To preserve the beautiful sight
A sea of plants around the pond, clear water overlooking the fish, crabs and shells, pleasant scents around the pond - so optimal garden design with water garden. Unfortunately, it is often not the case when the autumn leaves are blown into the pond, plant parts die off the edge of the river and the rain showers in the autumn flush earth and mulch into the pond. So it comes naturally to impurities and evil odors. In the worst case, the fish and plants die around and in the pond. On the one hand, because decomposition of the plant residues produces fermentation gases which in winter, with closed ice cover, do not permit gas exchange and, on the other hand, because the nutrients of the dead plants reach the pond water, which in turn favors algae formation.
The best precautionary measure before the fall is a pond protection net, which keeps inwehendes leaves away from the water. Also, the plants around the pond should be generously cut back, so that the dying parts can not get into the water. If parts are already visible in the water, a so-called pond gripper helps. With its long stalk you can also get already sunken plant parts and can remove them. In autumn and winter flowering grasses and plants cut back after flowering and remove dead plant parts, so you have a beautiful sight in winter and flora and fauna will thank the hobby gardener.
Winterizing the pond system
Before winter, the water should be drained with the pump or the pond vacuum cleaner, because many small animals are looking in the mud of the soil protection from the cold. The required gas exchange can be done with the help of an ice separator. This provides a piece of free ice in strong winter months. Reeds and blades of grass as well as perennials that protrude out of the water at the edge provide for this gas exchange. Like a straw, fresh air can get under the ice. In low pond systems, which may eventually freeze completely in heavy frost, the fish in an aquarium filled with pond water to overwinter. Aquatic plants that are highly prone to frost, such. As the water lily, should overwinter in a bucket of pond water. In addition to the endangered plants and animals, the pond pump is at risk in a strong winter.
If this is not between 60 and 80 cm deep in the soil and the water reaches a constant temperature below 12° C, remove the pump and filter. In addition one should know that under this permanent temperature of 12° C the pond bacteria no longer remove nutrients from the water. Only a skimmer, surface aspirator, which can be operated with a pump, can remain connected until the risk of the ingress of leaves and plant remains into the pond water in the late autumn or early winter is banned.
Pond cleaning during the year
Unfortunately, the hobby gardener can not just sit back when he owns a pond. The summer and winter months, however, are not so labor intensive. Only the conversion of fish and sensitive plants is in winter. In addition, there should always be a hole in the ice cover of the pond to allow the foul gases to escape and allow small animals to breathe.Also here and there plant remains and leaves have to be removed all year round.
... and possibly chemical or biological algae removers.
Worth knowing about pond cleaning soon
The pond cleaning of the garden pond is an integral part of the pond care. An absolute must should be the pond cleaning in the spring. After the winter, the water is very rich in nutrients, as they are hardly consumed in winter. An ideal condition for algae, which can then quickly become a plague.
The result should be the same in all cases: the pond mud has been carefully removed. To clean the pond should also include the care of aquatic plants. This in turn includes the removal of dead or damaged parts, so that they do not immediately contaminate the pond again.
As a pond cleaning should be done in the autumn, in the context of derer as further care for the aquatic plants is preparing for the winter with. This manifests itself in cold-sensitive plants with the removal from the garden pond and the accommodation in winter quarters. If the plants have become too big, autumn is the best time to share them. Tip: In autumn, to protect the pond, it is recommended to stretch a net over it, so that not too much foliage can fall in and the cleaning process is not unnecessarily prolonged.
Video Board: How to Clean Murky Pond Water without Chemicals | Full Version.