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There are many different types of pond plants available to the pond owner, all of which differ in terms of care and, above all, winter hardiness and winter resistance. Therefore, one should select the right plant species for the garden pond precisely and intensively deal with their own care, so that even after the end of the winter enjoy the pond plants.
Above all, the planting location of the pond plants is of great importance. As even a garden pond must be divided into individual zones, there are accordingly the right plants for the special pond area. For example, floating plants, which often also enrich water with oxygen, are distinguished from deep-water plants, and these in turn from plants in the marshy part of the garden pond. And all these species of pond plants have different wintering characteristics.
Hardy pond plantsThe deepest winter hardiness is found mainly in the deepwater plants, which include the popular water lily and lotus plants in the first place. This is above all not because of the characteristics of these plants themselves, but because the highest temperatures prevail in the deep water zones of the garden pond in winter. If most pond plants are spiked into this water area, they are almost all hardy in some ways.
True winter hardiness, however, prove pond grasses and reeds. They are usually found in the swamp areas of the ponds and can remain there, provided that there is no winter with constant low temperatures in the double-digit minus range. Other plants from the marsh zone are only partially winter hardy if they remain in their area of origin.
Absolutely no hardiness can be found in special species of pond plants, the so-called tropical plants. Also, a conversion into the deep water zone can not bring them over the winter.
Winterizing pond plantsTo winterize pond plants, one must first of all deal with the characteristics of a pond and the peculiarities of the individual pond plants. As already mentioned, a pond is subdivided into the shallow wetland on the bank of the pond and the deep water in the middle of the pond.
In the wetland pond plants are found, which are usually only shallowly lapped by water. In the deep water area, however, the pond plants are rooted in the depth of the water. Different temperatures prevail in the individual water zones.
In winter, the water in the marshy zone is very cold, but in the lowlands it gets warmer the deeper you go. In order to let pond plants hibernate, so you spend them at best, as far as possible, in the low area of the garden pond. Here also the only winter hardy wetland plants survive.
At temperatures of up to minus ten degrees Celsius in winter, reeds and grasses may remain in the wetland. Their hardiness is geared to these temperatures. If a lower temperature is to be expected for a longer period of time, then these pond plants will feel just as comfortable in the deep water.
But the implementation alone is not enough to bring the pond plants well over the winter. For perfect winter protection, the pond plants are cut back well before the onset of winter and wrapped in a water-permeable foil or jute sack.
Now they can be brought to the wintering site in the garden pond, with the rule that the deeper the better.
Reconvert in the springIn order to facilitate the subsequent re-conversion for spring, the pond plants have their best place in a plant basket, which should be secured to the outside with a string. You can drain the entire plant basket and pull it out again later. Floating plants and other plant species, which are said to have an oxygen-enriching property, must be completely removed from the garden pond for winter preparation.
Only with the tropical plants a different procedure is necessarily necessary. Their winter hardiness is nil and therefore they can survive the winter only in the warm. Well packaged in a waterproof film, you can survive in a bright room in winter.