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Garden and indoor plants of exotic origin or unusual appearance are popular living decorations. Especially in the garden, these are often exposed to unfamiliar and unfavorable influences and therefore require special protection. Therefore, care must be taken in the selection, whether the plants are suitable for the local climate and how they must be wintered. This point is crucial not only for plants for the garden, also in indoor plants, the hibernation can mean a significant additional effort.
Hints for exotic garden plants
Exotic garden plants - whether from Asia, America or the Mediterranean - need one thing above all: protection. The location should therefore be chosen wisely. As a rule, it has to be warm and protected from wind and rain. These properties are particularly noticeable in winter, when frost and winter sun make the plants tormented. In addition to the location, the substrate is crucial. The earth must be urgently adapted to the exotic garden plant, so that it can thrive. This is sometimes difficult to plant freely in the garden, because sooner or later it will cause blurring and mixing even with a large excavation. This is particularly problematic in terms of pH - but can be avoided by the culture in the bucket or a judicious selection. Finally, the winter must be considered. If you decide on an exotic garden plant, you should be aware that it must either be kept in the house or overwintered outdoors. There are only a few exceptions to this rule, and only if it is mild winters. The decision for exotics means in most cases therefore more effort and should be considered for this reason and the possibly increased space requirements.
Cultivating exotic plants in the garden can be difficult, but with the right choice, it's not impossible. Suitable examples are:
- prickly pear
Dry and sandy soil, which allows a quick drainage and a sunny location with protection against wind and cold - the Agave is happy. Nevertheless, the thick-fleshed plant is anything but boring or ordinary in appearance. Only in longer and harder winters does the unusual crop need some protection. Alternatively, it can be pulled in the bucket, at least initially.
Bamboo should not be missed in the exotic, Asian garden. The thin to impressively thick stems grow incredibly fast, can serve as a screen and become the backdrop for decorations. In addition, the bamboo requires very little care, but the right location.
Dry and permeable, the roots of the prickly pear cactus want to have it, then the failed plant usually thrives easily and without much effort. Initially, however, a wintering in the house is advised, because the young plants are hardly hardy and take in the cold season quickly damage.
The climbing kiwi can stand alone or be planted to several to bear fruit. In any case, she needs a climbing aid to thrive and unfold her full beauty. She is definitely an exotic in her home garden.
Hardy magnolia species are now increasingly found in the trade. And to the delight of the hobby gardeners. The lush flowering plants are real eye-catchers in the garden and do not even expect an elaborate or fancy care.
Rather known as a houseplant, new cultivars of the yucca palm are now hardy in this country too. They are therefore ideal for the palm garden or the exotic corner in their own green. Nevertheless, young yuccas should still be overwintered in the house and must first be cultivated in the tub.
Claims and peculiarities of the failed species
Due to the usually reasonably constant temperatures and the easier-to-control conditions, it is much easier to cultivate exotic plants than houseplants. Exotic plants, such as orchids or cacti, are therefore very popular. Not least because they are easy to maintain. Nevertheless, they also have special demands that want to be considered. This includes the consideration of humidity. Desert plants, such as succulents, thrive well in dry heating air. As with significant temperature fluctuations between day and night in only temporarily heated rooms. Tropical plants, such as numerous orchid species, however, require high humidity and constant temperatures. Bathroom and kitchen or a room greenhouse are therefore the better locations for them. Apart from that, many exotics can be consistently cultivated, so they do not need a separate hibernation site or changed care.Again, there are differences that should be considered when making a purchase decision.
Suitable exotics for the room
Suitable and sometimes already popular exotic indoor plants are:
- Fatsia Japonica
- room hops
Moist in summer, dry in winter but always in loose soil - the aloe or more precisely true aloe vera has only small claims and is the ideal houseplant. Not only is it decorative - its thick, slightly serrated leaves can also be easily cut and used to treat the wounds in the event of insect bites, burns, or other injuries. In summer, the succulents may also be put outdoors. However, they do not need separate wintering.
As an ingredient in salad and on the sandwich, the avocado is well known - as a houseplant, however, it is still underestimated. The plant is easy to maintain and does not require separate wintering, instead it can spend the whole year in normal room temperatures. In addition, the avocado
Testudinarie or elephant foot, this plant is visually an exotic unparalleled. Originally originating from South Africa, the rhythm has also turned out a little bit. Calm in summer, growth in winter - reversed world. The plant is richly watered and well fertilized in the cool season, whereas in summer it may only be an occasional sip of water. The holiday overcomes the interesting growing elephant foot with the thick and furrowed tuber therefore easily.
The Leuchterblume is a very modest houseplant, which is best cultivated in traffic lights or with a corresponding climbing aid. Damp or dry, 10 or 24° C - the candlestick flower is anything but picky and adapts quickly.
Even pulled or bought - the mango is a fancy and above all rare ornament, which is still hardly known as a plant. If she gets enough sunshine, she is surprisingly easy to care for as a houseplant and ideally suited even for beginners.
The care required for orchids depends on the species alone. The well-known and popular Phalaenopsis, for example, does not do much work, but it blooms with the correct culture but breathtakingly beautiful and can even be reproduced fairly easily. The Dendrobium looks different. In this case, it should be investigated in advance exactly what is required for successful cultivation.
The porcelain or wax flower is a real adornment and not just visually. The flowers are beautiful as a hemisphere and also spoil the nose. Much effort does not need the lushly growing Exotin, rather the opposite.
Little light, little care, fluctuating temperatures and overall bad conditions in the location? For the Zimmeraralie all this is not a problem. Nevertheless, it grows in a short time to a stately size and requires only little effort. Especially beginners and hobby gardeners with little time will enjoy it.
Decorative and colored ears, all year round - this is what the Zimmerhopfen offers for a minimum of effort and care. By adding a cut quickly to the desired shape, the ornamental hops do not run the risk of becoming too big for the chosen location. Not only for beer lovers, this exotic houseplant is therefore an insider tip.
If you want to call your own exotic indoor and garden plants, you do not have to go to great lengths to do so. There are quite a number of plants that are convincing due to unusual appearance - without requiring a lot of time and work. Only the selection can be a challenge.