Popular mushrooms - Edible mushrooms recognize + photos

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When the summer is running low, a special time begins for the passionate mushroom picker. In the forests, the mushrooms sprout from the ground and can be collected and processed. If you want to pick mushrooms, it is important that you recognize which mushrooms are edible and which are not. Many poisonous mushroom species differ only with a closer look from the edible mushroom, which you can process and consume without restrictions. Before picking mushrooms, make sure to work intensively with the mushroom species, because the consumption of poisonous mushrooms can be life-threatening.

Get to know mushrooms before the first gathering

Before you go into the forest and collect your first mushrooms, you should inform yourself which forest mushrooms are edible and which are not. The preparation of a poisonous mushroom can be very dangerous. If you're cooking or frying mushrooms, you may find a single poisonous mushroom that can cause significant health problems for anyone who consumes this meal. In the worst case, the consumption of a poisonous mushroom can cost a living. The poison content of the mushrooms is very different. But there are highly poisonous varieties against which the human body can not defend itself.
To make sure that never happens, you need experience and you need to provide good and safe information. There are several ways to get to know the edible mushrooms that you can prepare without hesitation in the kitchen. Often the difference to a poisonous fungus is small, but you can still see it clearly if you know it and take a close look.

Read mushroom books for first experiences

Mushroom books can give you very good clues if you want basic information. The individual mushrooms are described in the books very well and richly illustrated. For good books, the differences in the photos are very easy to recognize. In terms of their cover, the books are small and compact. You can take them with you and make the difference right in the forest. If you start collecting mushrooms in this way, you will create a very good foundation for yourself. But you should know that the books can not replace expertise. They only provide good information to help you gain some initial experience.

Collect mushrooms on site with knowledgeable professionals

It is very effective if you go into the forest together with a specialist and show the difference between edible and inedible mushrooms. In this way, you can expand your experience very quickly. They learn to distinguish edible from poisonous mushrooms. You also have the opportunity to ask questions. The differences are explained to you directly on the mushrooms. This is much more effective than reading. On-site mushroom advice is offered in many different regions. If you have a corresponding interest, you can inquire with the city or the community accordingly. Also the local foresters can give information.
Tip: Experience is the most important foundation for collecting mushrooms. Start with a few varieties that you know exactly. In this way, you gain confidence and, over time, learn to distinguish edible from poisonous mushrooms.

Well-known forest mushrooms and their characteristics

Below you will find a selection of the best known wild mushrooms that you can enjoy without hesitation. You will learn which characteristics are important for the detection and differentiation to other poisonous fungus species. Get an overview of the local edible mushrooms and find out which ones you can enjoy safely and without restrictions. Altogether there are more than 2,500 kinds of mushrooms in our latitudes. The selection includes the most popular and well-known edible mushrooms from our region. Always be aware of the danger of confusion with fungi that are poisonous.

Bottle stinging ring - Flaschenbovist

  • can be collected in late summer
  • Occurrence in mixed and coniferous forests
  • severe odor
  • Likelihood of confusion: Potato bovist, young toadstool
  • Edibility: aromatic, prepare immediately


  • occurs in several ways
  • toxic in raw condition
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: cook very well because the mushroom is raw poisonous
Noble Stimulator or Real Stimulator

milk cap

  • high risk of breakage with slats and style
  • Secretion of an orange milky liquid
  • Likelihood of confusion: torminosus
  • Edibility: tasty noble mushroom
Totem trumpet or autumn trumpet

Totem Trumpet - Autumn trumpet

  • autumn mushroom
  • dark, almost black color
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: mild aroma, is often used for seasoning or sauces
Judas ear or Chinese morel

Judas ear - Chinese morel

  • grows on deciduous wood
  • goes into symbiosis with the wood
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: provides many vitamins
Hydnum repandum

Hydnum repandum

  • uneven surface on older mushrooms
  • reminiscent of softened Bachwaren
  • small stubble under the hat
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: can be prepared versatile


  • Mushroom body resembles a key
  • Edge bent upwards
  • Humus rich soil is preferred
  • ascomycete
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: can be prepared versatile
Marronröhrling or brown cap

Marronröhrling - brown cap

  • slightly shiny surface in the color brown
  • Sponge is yellow
  • bluish discoloration of the sponge under pressure
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: Very popular as edible mushroom, it has to be cooked well because it is poisonous when raw
Golden Roan or LÀrchenröhrling

Goldenextling - LÀrchenröhrling

  • yellow surface
  • pink discoloration under pressure
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: low in taste, popular for baking and breading


  • Relationship with common chanterelle
  • acid soil preferred
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: Can be dried well, popular as a side dish to dark meat


  • orange brown hat
  • Optics are similar to felt
  • Flesh white, turns purple or gray
  • very rare
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: very mild and aromatic
Butter mushroom or Buttercup

Butter mushroom - Buttercup

  • slimy hat surface
  • Surface can be easily peeled off
  • loves the proximity of pine trees
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: difficult to digest, taste needs a bit of getting used to


  • well-known and popular edible mushroom
  • Slats can be easily detached
  • Grooves throughout the fungus
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: as a side dish to many different dishes
Flockenstieliger Witchesling

Flockenstieliger Witchesling

  • red sponge on the bottom side
  • when cutting the stem turns blue
  • Likelihood of confusion: Chestnut and cep
  • Edibility: pleasant aroma, must be cooked well, otherwise poisonous
Birch Schneck Ling
  • unpleasant smell
  • Slats yellow to slightly red
  • only occurs in deciduous forests, loves birches
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: pleasantly mild taste
Krause Glucke or fat hen

curly hen - fat hen

  • loves old pines
  • Appearance resembles a sponge
  • Cavities filled with insects or needles
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: popular as edible mushroom


  • grows mainly on hardwood
  • Likelihood of confusion: galerina marginata
  • Edibility: very aromatic, is often used for soups
Safran Schirmling

Safran Schirmling

  • reddish color when cutting
  • Riesenschirmling
  • Likelihood of confusion: Careful, there are also poisonous parasols
  • Edibility: can be prepared versatile


  • grows in riparian forests
  • Hat resembles a honeycomb
  • Mushroom growing in spring
  • likes moisture
  • Likelihood of confusion: with poisonous morel-like mushrooms
  • Edibility: very tasty, is often used as edible mushroom


  • Alternative names: asparagus, mushroom or ink mushroom
  • popular medicinal mushroom
  • Discard red and black parts because they are not edible
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: incompatible in raw condition
calocybe gambosa

calocybe gambosa

  • Spring Mushroom
  • Color white or cream
  • smells strongly of flour
  • Likelihood of confusion: May Rißpilz
  • Edibility: getting used to taste


  • very large mushroom, known in Germany as the largest mushroom
  • movable style ring
  • Hat is covered with scales
  • Slats at the bottom
  • young mushroom is similar to the mallet of a timpani
  • Hat rips open
  • if the fungus ages, the skin may tear
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: can be prepared versatile
Boletus or male mushroom


  • very distinctive brown hat
  • bright, almost yellow sponge under the hat
  • Sponge turns green when the fungus is older
  • Sponge does not discolor under pressure
  • one of the most popular edible mushrooms that is easy to identify
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: can be prepared versatile


  • red discoloration on style
  • yellow sponge under the hat
  • discolored reddish when sliced
  • Likelihood of confusion: no
  • Edibility: can be prepared versatile
These edible mushrooms are particularly common in our latitudes. When collecting, pay close attention to detail, as you are on the safe side of having to distinguish an edible from a poisonous mushroom.
To distinguish edible forest mushrooms from poisonous varieties is not easy for the beginner. However, they can gain experience and learn to recognize the individual mushrooms in their smallest details. When in doubt, you should leave the fungus and opt for another, which you can clearly assign. Edible mushrooms are harmless and can be prepared in a variety of ways, while poisonous mushrooms at worst become a mortal danger. You should be aware of this danger if you want to collect edible forest mushrooms. The relaxed excursion into the forest, however, should not detract from this insight. Enjoy the day in the great outdoors and look forward to every fungus that you could recognize and collect safely.

Video Board: Top 10 Edible Mushrooms.

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