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The pretty and easy to clean Efeutute (Epipremnum aureum) comes from tropical and subtropical regions. Numerous colorful cultivars of the plant make it so attractive as a houseplant. The leaf colorations range from white to yellow, light green to dark green.
In nature, adults grow as vine plants, but in the room they can be well cultivated in hanging pommels. Also as a vine plant, which, however, absolutely requires a climbing aid, is the Efeutute. You can then direct the plant around windows, or achieve beautiful, dense growth pictures.
The cheapest location for people
Individuals love a bright location, but not too sunny. As a vine plant, however, the Efteutute also tolerates less light and thrives abundantly in the shade and with weaker light conditions. But you should keep in mind that the plant tries to compensate for the lack of light. For this purpose it forms intensified leaf green and the beautiful drawing of the leaves fades. The intensively drawn varieties of the efeutute should therefore receive a location with sufficient light.
Water requirement of efeututen
The Eftutute needs abundant water in the growth stages and should be watered evenly. The substrate should never dry out completely. Only in the phases in which growth stagnates in winter, the top layer of the earth may dry slightly. Effectives react with brown leaves or leaf waste on too little humidity. Therefore, the plant should be sprayed regularly with soft water. In addition, this leaf shower ensures a beautiful, natural glow of the leaves.
The Efeutute loves temperatures around 20° C, ie normal room temperature. At higher temperatures you should provide the plant more often with water and provide sufficient humidity. The Efeutute also tolerates slightly lower temperatures, but is by no means frost resistant. Below 10° C the plants wither away.
Propagation of individuals
The plant can be easily multiplied by cuttings:
- In the spring you can cut cuttings from the plant, which should have at least 3 to 4 leaf nodes.
- These are used in a substrate that is mixed in equal parts of peat and sand.
- About the potty you put a plastic bag, which is fixed with a rubber ring on the pot.
- The cuttings should get a bright but not sunny spot. At minimum temperatures of 20° C, roots rapidly form.
- The cuttings should only be moderately supplied with water, so that the soil is only slightly damp, because they can easily rot by excessive watering.
- Once the cuttings are rooted, they can be transposed in small groups in a larger planter.
Recommended soil and fertilizer
The Efeutute is undemanding, simple potting soil is sufficient for the cultivation. The plant also thrives very well in clay granules, eg. B. as hydroponic. Due to their strong growth, the Europeans need regular fertilizer feed from spring to autumn. Recommended is the average concentration of a commercially available liquid fertilizer.
- Waterlogging causes the roots of the Efteutute to rot quickly. Therefore, you should always fill the flower pot with a layer of clay granulate, on which the potting soil is given. The granules store water and prevent waterlogging.
- When the leaves lose their beautiful appearance, the plant is too dark. In addition, the Efeutute then forms only a few foliage. The Efeutute should get a lighter place in the room in this case. There she quickly forms her beautiful leaf pattern again.
- On the other hand, if the leaves are fading, the plant is too bright. The ivy leaves hardly any sunlight! If there are fading of the leaves, the plant should have a shady place in the room.
The Efeutute is a very robust houseplant in and of itself. However, if the air in the room is too dry, the soil is too bad or the light is too low, it could get lice, spider mites or thrips.
Lubricants or mealybugs
are 1 to 5 mm large Saugschädlinge surrounded with a white, cotton-like substance. The nymphs of the louse feed on the sap. Infested plants should be left alone, because lice infestations spread quickly to other plants.
Neemöl should be added to the plant shower if it has been attacked with lice. This kills the pests naturally.
Spider mites are tiny, only 0.5 to 1 mm in size. They prefer to tap the leaf bases with their sucking mouthparts. They multiply rapidly and can lead to great damage to the affected plants.They are recognizable by the white web on the leaf axes. The infestation can be avoided by frequent spraying of the plants. If spider mites are still found, the plant can be packed in a translucent bag, which is then sealed airtight. The resulting humidity reduces the infection with spider mites.
Thrips or thunderstorms
These are 1 to 3 mm small, winged sucking insects. They, too, mainly stick to the undersides of the leaves.
For all pests insecticide sticks should be used in addition to environmentally friendly methods, depending on the pot size. The plant picks up the insecticide directly and releases it via the sap to the pests. These are thereby reliably killed.
Appearance and care tips
Young plants have a maximum leaf size of about 10 cm. Older plants, on the other hand, also have a leaf size of up to 40 cm.
The Epipremnum Aureum likes it warm but not too sunny. The plant also tolerates shady locations, but this weakens the colors of the leaves. The plant then looks paler. Here the principle applies, the more patterns the efeutute possesses, the more light it needs, in order to be able to grow well and strongly.
The plant should be watered often, especially in the months of April-September. The plant substrate should be almost dry before the next watering before being poured the next time. In order for the plant to get its optimum humidity, it should be sprayed regularly with room-warm water. It should be especially important to ensure that the water is as free of lime. The Efeutute is climatically very adaptable, but prefers a tropical climate. In the faint season you should therefore place the plant in a bright place and allow the substrate to dry even more between the watering times. The plant grows very well at normal room temperature. As the temperature increases, the Epipremnum Aureum also needs more humidity. In winter, it also likes lower temperatures at about 15 degrees Celsius.
A mixture of compost and potting soil is the best basis for optimal prosperity of the efeutute. In the warm months, a liquid fertilizer ensures proper fertilization.