Repot potted plants properly - instructions

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Just as with indoor plants, it is also necessary with potted plants that they get every now and then a larger pot and fresh potting soil. Due to its size, this is not as easy to do as with a small houseplant, but with the right knowledge and a few tricks, it's actually quite easy. The right time to repot is spring after hibernation. Young plants need to be repotted every year during the first years, older ones only when the root ball is too strong. If potted plants were transferred to their winter quarters before being put in, the nutrients in the fresh potting soil could cause the plant to spew out.

How is the repotting of potted plants?

When people have to move, they experience it as stressful and exhausting. Even for potted plants moving to a new pot and the associated changes stress. It should therefore be carried out as gently as possible and be prepared. These articles should be prepared when a plant needs to be repotted:
  • fresh potting soil of good quality, preferably potted plants soil
  • a new pot, which is 2 cm wider than the previous one
  • sharp secateurs to cut the roots
  • old newspapers or foil
  • Shard of pottery, expanded clay or styrofoam beads as a drainage layer
Gardener's gloves not only protect hands from dirt, they also provide a little more security when the potted plants have thorns like roses or the bougainvillea or sharp-edged lancet leaves like some palm trees. You should not be too tall and sit well, then you have the right grip in it. When everything is set up, it can start. It is important that the plant for the Umtopfaktion is not exposed to strong temperature differences. So if possible not from the warm winter garden to repot on the cold terrace, just to not dirty the room or to have more space.
Turn the plant with the pot upside down and touch it directly on the surface of the earth. By lightly tapping on the bottom of the pot, the plant, root ball and old soil should be released from the pot. If not, the pot can also be pressed on the side, should it be made of clay, knock a little bit stronger against the bottom of the pot or jerk briefly on a soft surface. If all else fails, scissors should be used on plastic pots to cut open the pot. Clay pots can then only be smashed. The shards can then be used for drainage in other pots. If the plant is released from the old pot, follow part two of the action.

Transferring to new soil and a larger pot

If it is a young plant to be repotted, the existing soil around the roots need not be removed. The new pot should have a 2 cm larger diameter and be so high that the plant can still be used with approx. 5 cm of space to the upper edge of the pot. Old potted plants are probably so heavily rooted that the roots sticking out of the pot should be cut off in any case. It is worthwhile to bring out the old earth between the roots and cut back the roots that have become too long.


The new pot is - if it consists of clay - sufficiently watered. So it can absorb moisture and does not pull it immediately from the new potting soil. Then a pottery shard is placed over the drain hole of the pot and a layer of potting soil filled. This can be up to a third of the height of the pot, but after planting, there should still be enough space to the top. The new soil is now filled up around the plant and thereby thoroughly distributed between the roots. This is easier if the pot is shaken now and then briefly and lightly. There should be enough space up to the top so that the irrigation water can not easily run over it.
Tip: The new garden soil was mixed with fertilizer, a new gift is not needed immediately.
Later, fertilizer can be added either with liquid fertilizer in the irrigation water or with fertilizer balls or cones. These are slow-release fertilizers and give the nutrients over weeks to the potting soil. A pot under the bucket catches the excess irrigation water and keeps it ready as a small reserve. This is especially pleasant in summer, because the potting soil in the pot will not dry out so quickly. In the cool season, however, it can cause so many plants gets cold feet.
When the container plant is in its new soil in the new flower pot, it should be thoroughly watered. The warmer the temperatures, the more water you need. By the time the whole new soil in the flower pot has moistened, a few servings of water may become necessary.In addition, the plant should not immediately be placed in the blazing sun, as it must first recover from the action and get used to their new pot.

Conclusion & worth knowing about repotting of potted plants

If potted plants have a dense and matted bale, they can cope with it for a while, but not permanently. If it goes one step further and the roots begin to rot or the soil is acidified, then it is very important to act quickly and repot the potted plants.
  • The ideal time for repotting is the spring, because so you can bring the plants in good time before the flower on time.
  • That a repot is required, can be seen from the fact that the earth is compacted, or the roots begin to grow out of the pot.
  • Then it is clear that the roots have no more room in the planter and urgently need more space.
When repotting is not only to make sure that the new planter is big enough, but that he also has a hole on the bottom. Basically, it is necessary for a healthy growth of potted plants, that a water outlet is present, because waterlogging like potted plants not at all.
The type of bucket you choose depends on your personal taste. There are flower pots made of terracotta, ceramic, wood or plastic. If it is very large and heavyweight potted plants, you should also buy a plant scooter and place the planter and its contents on it. On the one hand, you can quickly transport the plant to another location and, on the other hand, you have a perfect drainage of irrigation water.
  • The new soil for the repotting should have a bumpy structure and also be airy and spill-resistant.
  • If not included in the substrate from the beginning, you should mix gravel, lava granules or clay balls under the ground.
  • On the hole in the middle of the flower box then some potsherds are placed. This will prevent the hole from becoming clogged with earth.
  • If the container plant to be replanted has a very ingrown bale, it should first be left to dry for a few days, as it can be more easily removed from the plastic pot.
  • With a knife then the encrustations and protruding roots are removed from the bale.
  • Afterwards, the old soil is removed as best it can, and then the bale is placed in the new planter.
  • The first watering should then be very thorough, so that the fresh earth can sit down.

Video Board: How to re-pot a plant - Tips for repotting plants.

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