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There are about 200 species of thistles in the world, one of which is the so-called man litter. This is usually called blue thistle due to the blue color of the flowers. At best, it can grow to a meter tall and is especially prevalent in temperate and warmer climates.
The commonality of all 200 species is their decorative appearance, which makes them a popular plant for drying arrangements. The Blue Thistle is a very interesting structure plant and it is characterized by its hard and thorny leaves. Furthermore, it has hemispherical inflorescences with prickly hull leaves. It usually blooms from July to September. As it is increasingly established in its own garden, we would like to give you the most important sowing and care tips for the noble thistle man litter.
Special features of the noble thistle
- the growth form: perennial herbaceous plant
- the stem is heavily branched at the top
- bluish flower crown
- spherical inconspicuous fruit
- flowers from August to early September
- largest genus of Umbelliferae
Rarely a sowing of the blue thistle is made. If you still want to sow, sandy soil with a temperature of about 20° C is an advantage. If the sowing takes place with the help of seed pots, this can be sown already before the middle of August and the plant can be set in the field before beginning of winter.
Plant and replicate the thistles
- Number of plants: 6 to 8 per sq. M
- Distance: between the plants should be a distance of 30 to 40 cm
A repot of the noble thistle is not necessary. It is grown in seed pots and then grows as an outdoor plant.
Cultivating noble thistles
The noble thistle man litter is an undemanding plant and does not require any elaborate care. Since the plant does not make any unusual demands, it is very popular with many gardeners. It will probably have to be supported to keep it upright (especially in strong winds). To avoid spontaneous sowing, withered flowers should be cut off. It should be noted that it is cut back to flowering and that does not take place in late autumn. Otherwise, the blue thistle is very sensitive to frost.
The blue thistle can not tolerate any compost. In the first year after implantation fertilize with a mineral or organic manure fertilizer, then every 2-3 years with a post-fertilizer.
Locations for man litter
The plant can tolerate strong sunlight and is best placed in full sun and clear terrain. It should be min. Get 4 hours of sun every day. Preference is given to well permeable and untreated soil, but it can also be cultivated for calcareous or stony soil. The plant should be protected against the wind and it can handle absolutely no waterlogging. So you must avoid permanently damp floors. If the ground is heavy, you can mix it with split or sand and make it more permeable.
During the first week after planting you should water regularly, but not in full sun. After that, it does not have to be cast as often, short dry periods are no problem. They grow best when they dry briefly (do not dry out).
Spend the winter thistles
The plant is very frost hardy, use some gravel when planting in the lower layer, this protects the foot of the thistle in winter from wet soil. A winter cover is recommended for a better development in the following year.
Worth knowing about the Edeldistel in brief
The man litter Edeldistel is a very easy-care and beautiful plant. It has now established itself as a perfect admixture in a garden. Due to its high growth, it is also used in the gardens as a screen saver. In winter, the garden does not seem too bare and gives it a structure. In the summer, she stands out with her steel blue flower heads and attracts attention. It is ideal for every hobby gardener because the time required for this frugal plant is very low. It is particularly suitable for cottage gardens, Mediterranean-style gardens, natural gardens, prairie plantations, as a structure plant in flowerbeds and gravel gardens.
- Growth: height 30 - 120 cm, planting distance 30 - 60 cm
- Flowering: from midsummer to early autumn
- Substrate: normal, well-drained soil
- Location: as sunny as possible
- Wintering: hardy
- Propagation: in spring or autumn by spontaneous sowing or self-sowing, division and rooting are possible
- Diseases: Since the plant is very easy to maintain you do not have to expect a disease
- Pests: through their spiny nature, it has few enemies, so a pest infestation must not be feared
Eryngium is highly prized for its prickly leaves and flower heads surrounded by prickly bracts. The leaves are gray-green, the flowers are light blue, steel blue or blue violet colored.
Popular types of Edeldistel
- Eryngium alpinum, the Alpenmannstreu, is 60 cm high and makes dark, blue-green leaves and from midsummer to early fall steel-blue flowers with very finely divided, blue-violet bracts.
- Eryngium bourgatii It grows to a height of about 60 cm and has rich gray-green, white-veined leaves next to bluish flowers, which are surrounded by narrow, steel-blue bracts.
- Eryngium giganteum becomes 120 cm tall and has bluish, heart-shaped leaves as well as silver-blue to greenish flowers with long bracts. This species only blooms once and sows itself.
- Eryngium maritimum, the native beach thistle, is 45 cm tall and bears stiff, silver green leaves. The large, silver bracts surround steely blue flower heads on branched stems. Flowering time is from midsummer to early fall.
- Eryngium x oliverianum At about 120 cm high, heart-shaped, blue-green leaves and from midsummer to early autumn bluish flowers with dark, mauve-blue, narrow bracts.
- Eryngium planum, reaches a height of 90 cm, bears dark green leaves and in the autumn light blue flower heads and narrow, dark green bracts.
- Eryngium variifolium is an evergreen species with 75 cm growth height. It makes shiny, roundish, dark green leaves that are white marbled. The blue flowers, surrounded by silvery bracts, appear in summer.