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You want to grow a prickly pear cactus? That's not hard at all. For starters, you need nothing more than a prickly pear and a little patience.The prickly pear comes originally from South America and was cultivated there thousands of years ago. In the 16th century he succeeded for the first time to Europe. Here his popularity spread very quickly. Among other things, because the prickly pear can easily multiply itself. For example about seeds. All you need is a prickly pear and some patience.
To pull a prickly pear cactus out of seeds
1To obtain the prickly pear seed, you must get a prickly pear from the supermarket or harvest a fruit from the garden (notes here). If you can not find fruits in the supermarket, you can also buy prickly pear seeds in the garden shop or order a bag in the online shop (for example here).
2If you can get hold of a fruit, remove the seeds from the pulp and wash them thoroughly under running water. Pay close attention to the small spines, which may still be partly due to the fruits. If it still sticks to the pulp, remove it with a brush.
By the way: From the pulp of the prickly pear can be prepared a very delicious fruit salad.
3Place the seeds on a piece of kitchen roll or toilet paper, where they dry completely in the course of a few days. With cactus seeds out of the bag, the first steps are taken of course.
4Take more seeds than you want to pull prickly pears. So you have the opportunity later to select the most beautiful specimens. Put the seeds in a container filled with water and allow to swell.
5Shake the swollen seeds loosely into a dish filled with cactus clay. But do not bury the seeds, because the prickly pear cactus is a light germ. Moisten the seeds only slightly. As an aid, you can use a spray bottle.
6Place the bowl of seeds in a warm place. A temperature of 20 to 25° C is ideal. Keep the seeds evenly moist. With a little luck you will then discover the first cotyledons after a few weeks. But it may also be that the seeds take much longer, sometimes several months, to germinate. Do not lose patience. As long as the seeds do not rot, they are healthy and germinable.
7Upload the risen seeds gently with a spoon and put them into individual pots of cactus soil. Choose a sunny location for your mini-prickly pear cactus.
Alternative: Cultivation from cactus ear
If you already have a prickly pear cactus, you have the option of vegetative propagation in addition to seed cultivation. That's easy. All you have to do is cut off one "ear" of the prickly pear cactus and place it so deeply in a pot of cactus soil that it does not fall over. Then pour some water into the pot. After a short time, the first roots form.