Professional tips for gardening

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With the planning of the first own garden, a dream comes true for hobby gardeners. And after a brief appraisal of the new property, many of them make their way immediately to the garden center to buy the plants. But stop! Before you make the groundbreaking, you should make a detailed plan of your future paradise. Because only then will you succeed even without gardening experience, from the many possibilities to create a harmonious whole in which one fits the other.

Measuring and planning

Basically gardening is not rocket science. Anyone can make a meaningful sketch, if he brings some patience and experimentation. Rarely succeeds the first draft - but with each other you come one step closer to your dream garden. First, an inventory is made. For this you go with a tape measure (at least 20 meters in length) in the garden and measures the main routes, so the plot and house lengths and the distance from the corners of the house to the garden boundary. If available, you can also see the dimensions in the floor plan of your property.

Make garden plan

Be sure to make a sketch before purchasing the plant

The property boundaries and building footprints are then transferred to scale to a millimeter or box paper. If it is an already ingrown garden, you also add all the plants and garden elements that should be preserved. Tip: Do not leave old trees too fast. They are valuable scaffolders for the garden, for which one would have to wait decades for a new planting. However, if the trees are too large or in danger of breaking, there is usually no way around felling.

Create wishlist

After the first, rather sober planning phase comes the most beautiful part: the wish list. To do this, set your inventory plan aside and write down everything that may not be missing in your later dream garden. Most of the time this list is far too long to realize everything - but it keeps you from saying goodbye to your dreams too fast. For example, even in the case of small gardens, one should first pursue the desire for a garden pond, even if later only a mini version or a wall fountain is built. The same applies to luxury elements such as pergola or gazebo. Only if you consider the required space from the beginning, you can easily add it later. On the other hand, if you do not plan to do it, you may need to spend a lot of time in restructuring or clearing.

Place garden elements

If the list is complete, the individual points are numbered according to their importance. Now start placing the various garden elements on the master plan - the most important first, the less important ones at the end. It is best to place transparent sketchbooks on the master plan or make copies of them to be able to record multiple variants. Try to consider the approximate size and location of the placement. For example, vegetable gardens need plenty of sun, but a second seat should be shaded when the terrace is in full sun.

Plan details


Do not save on gardening with accessories: from the birdbath to the glass ball in the rosary, there are endless possibilities to set specific points of view

If one of the designs tells you, it goes to the detailed planning. In this phase, the first ideas are once again critically questioned and concretized. Now is the time to choose a garden style. For a romantic country house garden many rose and perennial beds should be planned, for a formal garden a straight path and cut hedges are characteristic. Check if all the generations really get their money's worth in a family garden or if there are not too many beds and shrubs for a low-maintenance garden.
But not only the style is decisive. A garden should also be practical, as for example, the routing or the location of the equipment shed concerns. If the original garden design does not meet these criteria, you should just take a step back and make a new design. In addition, determine the exact location and size of the garden elements. The material question, from the cobblestones to the garden fence, you should now finally decide.

plant selection

The most time-consuming part of the detail planning is the plant selection. Before you start planning your bed, you should analyze the lighting conditions as precisely as possible.Check which areas of the garden are in the sun all day, which are partially shaded by trees and where the darkest places in the garden are. There is a large selection of suitable plants for every location - even in your favorite colors. In addition, try to combine flowering times and foliage colors to make the garden green and blooming in all seasons - with evergreens and winter bloomers even in the cold season.

herbaceous border

Elegant bedding design in yellow-pink with sparkling sun hat (Echinacaea) and sharpening (Achillea). The different shades of color soften the strong contrast of the two colors

Find design motto

As a freshly baked garden owner, the choice of plants is difficult, because the range of nurseries is gigantic. If you put the plants together without concept, the result is usually unsatisfactory and the garden seems restless. It becomes more harmonious if you make a striking plant, for example the rose, the design motto of a bed or the whole garden. First, compile a list of your favorite roses. Then you choose the matching in color and growth form accompanying plants such as larkspur, catnip and lady's mantle.
Also for special garden styles like the Landhausgarten or the nature garden typical plant combinations can be put together, which determine the character of the garden. By the way: Also for bed planning the motto is: "Better well imitated than badly designed". Refined beds can be found on garden shows and in botanical gardens. But the gardens in the neighborhood or the show garden of the garden center on site are often good sources of inspiration.

Set color concept

An important role is played by the matching of the flower colors, because by far not all shades harmonize with each other. A flower bed will be colorful when it contains too many colors. On the other hand, flowerbeds with two contrasting colors, which are available in different shades from light to dark and pale to strong, look particularly classy. Also attractive are color gradients from yellow to orange to carmine red or from light blue to dark purple. These shades are juxtaposed in the color wheel. Anyone who combines tones that are opposite each other in the color wheel, for example orange with blue or violet with yellow, receives very high-contrast garden pictures. One speaks here of complementary colors.
A fourth possibility is color tri-ling, of which the combination of the colors red, yellow and green is clearest and purest in effect. That is why foliage plants with green foliage are so important in the design. They act as mediators between bright flower colors. When planning the effect of the colors is also to be considered. We distinguish warm tones, which include orange, and cool as blue. Yellow flowers radiate joy, red represents temperament and passion and can be restless.

In four steps to the dream garden

Garden Planning Step 1: Inventory

Step 1 Inventory


Before you start sketching your new ideas, you should take stock of your property. The easiest way to do this is to record a plan of the property on millimeter paper with all the elements that already exist. You do not have to be a professional for that; it is quite sufficient to draw outlines true to scale. A good standard for design drawings is 1:50 (1 cm on the paper equals 50 cm in nature). The house often occupies a large part of the property. Terraces are usually created during the construction of the house, but can be enlarged or reduced as desired. Beds can be changed or moved without problems. From the old planting you should only take what is healthy and attractive. Old garden ponds can be renovated or replaced, for example, with small water features. Due to the new design often changes the routing in the garden, so old garden paths must be removed as a rule. It is important that the compacted soil is then deeply loosened so that plants can grow there again.

Garden Planning Step 2: Wish List

Step 2 wish list


So that you can try out as many different ideas and designs as possible, it is best to put a tracing paper over the master plan. Now you can put your wishes to paper to your heart's content - the most important such as the privacy screen to the garden border, more seats or a sunscreen on the terrace first. Like a puzzle, the elements can be moved to one or the other corner. As soon as you draw, you usually find out what works best with each other, how big the bed can be on the terrace and if the seat in the garden gets enough sun in the evening. And you can see just as fast, which - usually due to lack of space - can not be implemented. Should a wish for the cost fail, it is advisable to plan a place for it anyway and to use it first differently - you never know...

Garden Planning Step 3: Detail Planning

Step 3 Detail planning

detailed planning

Here are the ideas that you have finally decided in detail worked out.The "privacy screen" now becomes a wooden fence with rank elements, the "sunscreen" for the terrace becomes a pergola. The seats are planned as round paved areas and the shape of the beds is determined. The paths around the house and from the terrace to the garden can now be drawn. Also, think about the materials you want to use at this point. A natural stone path and a rustic wooden pergola go well with a naturally landscaped garden, with rosewood arches or a light stone fountain in classically designed gardens. Passages and curved paths ensure that the garden is divided into various garden areas, making it more exciting.

Garden Planning Step 4: Plant Selection

Create garden plan: plant selection

The last step in garden planning: the plant selection

Although one is tempted to start gardening with plant selection, it does not come until the end. The front garden (1) is the business card of the house. Therefore, he should already indicate the style, what to expect in the main garden. The pergola (2) is covered with wild wine, which provides a pleasant shade. Roses and perennials (3) decorate the transition to the garden. Roses and shrubs frame the seat (4). The lawn is adorned by a birdbath (5). Dwarf shrubs or trees (6) have room even in small gardens. Due to the dense planting of the wooden fence (7) is barely visible. At the seat (8) you will be spoiled by scented roses. The existing pond was scaled down and equipped with a water feature (9). The path plates (10) are embedded in the lawn and climbing roses conquer the rank arches (11).

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