The Content Of The Article:
Propagation by sticks is actually incredibly simple: they cut a branch into a few pieces, put it in the ground and wait. And yet, there are some little peculiarities that you should keep in mind, and some help to keep your pegs developing well.
This is how the multiplication by plug wood step by step works: You can gain plug wood from all plants that are capable of self-propagation through the rooting of sprouts. This type of cuttings is suitable for propagation during hibernation, namely, they may only be cut when the plant has completed its vegetation for this season (unlike many other parts of plants that can also be used for vegetative propagation, but gained during the growing season become).
You can cut sticks in autumn, plant them immediately or store the sticks or cut and plant plywood in spring. Each of these methods has its advantages and disadvantages.
What you should pay attention to when cutting sticks
First, cut out of your plant a thick and healthy, already fully woody shoot that comes from the last year. If you do not know in which year which shoot has grown: it is that the wood has not matured too far, which you can test by a bending test. If a shoot can bend very much or is otherwise so stiff that it breaks, it does not produce good pegs. Only in pastures and poplars can even be perennial shoots multiply, but also here more effort than the one-year shoots would cause.
Then make a stick or several sticks out of this shoot by dividing it into again strong and woody pieces, which should have at least a length of 15 to 20 cm each. How long exactly, depends on the leaf nodes on the shoot. Each woodpile should contain several of them, because from these leaf knots will later grow the roots and the new aboveground shoots.
In the lower part, the cut should not sit more than an inch below the last leaf node - ideally, the new roots develop from this leaf node. Please do not use the shoot tips, which above all would continue to grow upwards, to cut the sticks, but an equally strong piece of the main shoot, which can drive out all sleeping buds at the same time, when it is so far.
That's why each woodpile gets two interfaces, and if you make sure to always cut straight down and straight up and then plug the sticks with the oblique piece down into the ground, you can be sure that you have put the right way around and your Pinewood has good chances. It is therefore advisable to leave the straight interface on top, because the plug then only has to close a small injury at the top.
Plant and use the sticks after the cut
These sticks are now basically treated as you would proceed even with an increase by Kopfstecklinge. They, too, need nutrient-poor soil and even moisture. Especially for more difficult species, you can usually promote rooting by covering pot or bed with vegetation from the beginning of vegetation until your offspring has expelled about 10 cm upwards.
However, the pegs need to be self-sustaining until the new shoot longer than head cuttings and are therefore given with several leaf nodes under the ground - about two-thirds of a plywood should disappear. An exception are the woods that you "harvest" directly at the spring cutting, which are supposed to evolve immediately and are therefore plugged like a head plug, so only about one centimeter into the ground.
- Root formation can also be promoted by placing your cuttings all the way around the edge of a clay pot into which you have placed an empty clay pot in the middle. This procedure guarantees optimal oxygenation during rooting (do not use plastic).
- Most plants are thankful during rooting for some bottom heat under the pot, from a heater or a hotplate.
- If your seedling shows enough leaves, the soil heat is reduced, the young plant now needs as much light as possible.
- A foil hood must be ventilated occasionally to prevent mold growth. If it does happen, help Chinosol tablets from the pharmacy, you dissolve a tablet in a few liters of water and inject, preferably twice a week.
- The rooted young plants can be planted after the icy saints in the garden and then have to be watered carefully (evenly, not much), they get fertilizer only in the following year.