Propolis: application and effect

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Propolis is valued above all for its health-promoting effect and the numerous possible applications. The natural product is made by honey bees (Apis mellifera). It is a mixture of different resins collected by the worker bees from leaf buds, leaves and barks, mainly birch, willow, chestnut or poplar. It also contains glandular secretions of the animals, bee pollen and beeswax. All together gives a resinous, viscous mass with aromatic-spicy smell. Depending on the composition, propolis may be colored yellow, brown, reddish or greenish.

What is Propolis?

Propolis is often called potting resin among beekeepers, as the bees use it in the floor to disguise the interiors and stuff out any small cracks. So they are optimally protected against draft and moisture. The brood cells for juveniles are even completely lined with propolis.
But propolis is much more than just a building substance - bees also use it as natural medicine. In a hive, ideal conditions exist for the propagation of a wide variety of bacteria, viruses or fungi. The temperature inside can reach 35 degrees Celsius. In addition, the humidity in a hive is very high. Propolis protects the animals from diseases and does not provide a breeding ground for germs.

Propolis has germ-inhibiting effect

The germ-inhibiting effect of propolis also seems to be well-known to bees

Effect of propolis

The health-promoting effect of propolis on humans has been known since antiquity. Already the Romans and Greeks appreciated its anti-inflammatory effect and used it mainly for wound healing. The ancient Egyptians use a mixture of propolis, honey and wax to embalm and preserve corpses.
Numerous scientific studies (clinical and experimental) prove the antibiotic, antiviral and antifungal effects of propolis. In addition, it contains an antioxidant called pinocembrin, which also has a positive effect on humans. In natural medicine, propolis is even considered a kind of "bio-antibiotic". It naturally mobilizes the body's defenses, helps with respiratory infections and promotes wound healing. In addition, a resistance formation is considered virtually excluded. Due to the good compatibility Propolis is also used in many preparations for children.


The composition of propolis is highly complex. Currently only about 150 ingredients are known. The beneficial effect of propolis is based primarily on components from the classes of flavanoids, phenyl-substituted carboxylic acids and on essential oils, which make up about ten percent. The proportion of bee pollen is about five percent.

Propolis tincture

A propolis tincture can be applied both externally and internally

Use of propolis

Externally, propolis is used for inflammation of the skin, open wounds and swelling. In the form of antiseptic propolis creams and propolis creams, it is applied directly to the affected areas. Liquid Propolis tinctures are used in diseases of the upper respiratory tract, where they are used internally as a mouthwash or gargle solution. Propolis is also used to treat diseases and inflammations in the mouth. Lozenges are also commercially available. They help with dry cough and reduce cold symptoms. Generally, propolis drops and propolis tinctures are used to boost the immune system. Especially in winter many swear by it. If you do not like the taste, you can dodge on Propolis capsules, which are swallowed in one piece. Many cosmetic products also contain propolis.

The most common applications of propolis are:

  • Respiratory diseases, feverish colds
  • Inflammation in the mouth and throat
  • Wounds and superficial skin lesions
  • Skin protection and rich skin care especially for dry skin in winter
  • Stomach and intestinal complaints

Tip: Tasty and healthy is propolis as part of chewing gum.

Buy Propolis

Propolis products can be bought in pharmacies. But you can also find them online as well as in numerous drugstores, reform or organic and natural department stores. It is important that you only buy products that contain Propolis extract purified to solid standards and that contain the prescribed amounts of active ingredients. It should contain at least five percent of flavanoids and six percent of phenyl-substituted carboxylic acids. So pay attention to the leaflet or get expert advice before you buy. Specifically, alternative natural markets often offer propolis products that are contaminated by pollutants such as environmental toxins or the like. High quality Propolis has always been tested for pesticides and Co. and processed under sterile conditions.

Make Propolis tincture yourself

Crushed propolis is mixed with alcohol and made into a healthy tincture

Make propolis yourself

Depending on the size of the hive fall annually between 50 and 200 grams of propolis. Beekeepers can make their own Propolis tincture themselves. To do this, scratch the propolis from the honeycomb frame or scrape it off the insides of the beehive with a stick chisel. Collect in a jar and place in the freezer until completely frozen. After that, the propolis is minced as finely as possible. A mortar is very helpful. Put the mass in a screw-cap and add twice the weight of medical grade alcohol. Now the vessel is closed. The propolis tincture should be drawn at room temperature for at least two weeks. Pivot the mass a little at regular intervals. Finally, the tincture is strained through a fine mesh filter (such as a coffee filter). This can take several hours because the propolis is very viscous. Now you can fill the Propolis tincture in a bottle and if necessary use externally or internally.

Experience with propolis

As already mentioned, the composition of propolis can vary due to its natural origin - and thus the effect. Where the bees collect the ingredients, even the country of origin or the season play in it. The most effective propolis, for example, is bee colonies that prefer to visit poplars. So it can happen that you do not feel any improvement in the intake. The experiences with propolis are mostly very positive. High-quality and controlled Propolis is considered as a completely reliable and compatible home remedy. Although bee pollen is found in propolis, allergic reactions are rare. The remedy can even be used for hay fever. Anyone who is unsure should first apply propolis to the skin over a small area and test the compatibility.

Video Board: Bee Propolis: Amazing & Proven Benefits of This Lesser Know Bee Product-Bee Glue- Remedies & Recipes.

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