The Content Of The Article:
- Everyone can do something for beekeeping
- Flowering plants for bees
- This creates a bee-friendly garden
- Bee and insect hotel as a supplement
Bee protection is more important than ever, because the beneficial insects have a hard time: monocultures, pesticides and the Varroa mite are three factors that together are probably the main problem for the bees. Thus, industrious collectors and pollinators often fail to gather nectar and pollen throughout the summer and into the fall as necessary, but have access to sufficient food for the survival of their folk only for a comparatively short period of time (until about June / July). There are also failures and weakened animals caused by insecticides and other pesticides. If the bees then outlast the winter in their boxes, the Varroa mite gives the proverbial rest to many peoples.
Everyone can do something for beekeeping
Beekeeper and bee expert Ekkehard Hülsmann
Beekeepers like Ekkehard Hülsmann, longtime president (ae.) Of the Badischer beekeeper association, are anxious to counteract this. "In the end, everyone can do something for beekeeping without having to spend too much money," he says. "Any additional flowering provided to the bees can help." And if you use fewer insecticides in the garden, you not only help the bees, but also save money.
Flowering plants for bees
Especially nature, fruit and flower gardens are ideal to do something for the bee protection and also for the survival of other nectar collectors. Open flowers, which present their dust and carpels clearly visible, such as the peony in the perennial flowerbed or the pumpkin blossom in the garden, are often visited targets of industrious bees. Woody plants such as linden or sycamore are also excellent sources of energy for bee colonies. Plants with densely filled flowers, however, are not well suited because the pollen-supplying stamens are transformed into petals and the flower interior with the Nektarvorrat for the insects is difficult to access at all.
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Flowering plants for the bee
Apple trees provide plenty of energy for the bees, depending on the variety from April to May
Although wild roses do not bloom very long, they are very intensive and are therefore good energy sources from June to July
Not only a nice splash of color for the garden, the mountain knapweed (Centaurea) also blooms from May to July and attracts many pollinators
With its numerous basket flowers and the long flowering period from July to September, the yarrow is an ideal bee lover
The borage not only has beautiful flowers, it also blooms from May to September for a long time
This creates a bee-friendly garden
"It is ideal, of course, if you have different flowering plants in the garden that bear flowers for as long as possible," says Hülsmann. In areas with intensive agriculture, bees have difficulty finding sufficient flowers from June to July. Hülsmann: "For us, a large part of the garden is a motley mess of wildflowers and wild herbs." Who also wants to make their own garden with simple means a bit more colorful, can resort to various wildflower mixtures. The individual species have different colors and flowering times and thus offer something for the eye throughout the summer.
"The use of insect repellents should be kept as low as possible," says Hülsmann. "Beesungunglich valid as protection means, for example, lead to impairment of the navigation system of the bee and she can not find back to her people." So it is a good idea to put more emphasis on home remedies such as nettles, which may not provide one hundred percent protection, but are also safe for all other gardeners. Hülsmann: "I am an enthusiastic gardener and in my garden I also collect pests such as the Colorado beetle by hand."
Bee and insect hotel as a supplement
Very extensively designed insect hotel. The placement could bring moisture problems
In addition to a flowering planting can be active for beekeeping but also otherwise. The construction of an insect hotel for wild bees, for example, is a possibility that does not only benefit your own kitchen garden. Such a crafting action is fun even for the youngest and attracts exciting garden visitors. "I would basically not advise against finished insect hotels, but self-construction does not cost much time and the bee's quarters can be individually adapted to the garden conditions," said Hülsmann.
For the installation of the insect hotel is particularly important that the place is completely protected from rain and sunny. Hülsmann: "The best thing is to have well-seasoned hardwood pieces that are really dry and into which holes of different size are then drilled using a wood drill." What works well are bamboo tubes. These are simply sawn to the desired length and then inserted in bundles. This is how quickly and easily many breeding caves for wild bees are created. "I myself took an old elder trunk this year, drilled holes in it and placed it in a very sunny, wind- and rain-protected area," says Hülsmann. Then it's just waiting - with luck, the first residents will soon move in. Incidentally, beekeeping in the garden also pays off for you, because you no longer have to worry about pollinating your fruit trees and berry bushes.