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There is hardly a garden without the queen of flowers - the rose. Rose is not Rose. The many different species have been bred and cultivated by garden lovers for many years. To keep your roses fresh for a long time, there are many things to consider when it comes to care and cut of the roses.
If you follow the tips and do the pruning at the right time, you can enjoy their splendor for many years!
The pruning of roses - the basic knowledge
Why do you do a pruning? - This question can be answered very easily. If the rose is cut back correctly, the shoots can grow more branched and, above all, denser. The pruning gives the rose new strength and resilience, which eventually lead to beautiful flowers. However, it is important that you distinguish the individual types of roses, as almost every variety needs a different pruning. The rose professional distinguishes between:
- Wild roses,
- shrubby roses
- and crops.
Tips for pruning and the time involved
When it comes to climbing roses, you should cut them back in the spring. But wait until there are no more night frosts. The ideal time would be around mid-April. And so you perform the pruning:
- Remove all dried and sick shoots. Shoots that are white in the pith are healthy and must be preserved.
- Cut back the rose so far that no sick shoots remain, otherwise the disease spreads further and damages the plant.
- Use a pair of sharp scissors to pruning, so that the bark of the stalks of roses does not fray and find new germs in it.
- In order to prepare the plant later for the winter, it is advisable to remove the old and dried flowers and leaves. So you give mushrooms and pathogens no breeding ground.
How to perform the pruning
The normal rose cut should ideally be 5 mm above the eye. Cut slightly at an angle to prevent rainwater from collecting on the cut surface, otherwise it will start to rot. Be sure to cut only the sick and dried branches, as otherwise many but very short shoots form.
However, if it is the genus of the dwarf roses, you should cut them back stronger. Here are not enough 5 mm. Ideal, however, are 10 to 15 cm. You can even make a cut back from 20 to 40 cm above the ground for precious and bed roses.
The cut back to Rosenart - an overview
As I said, almost every variety would like to be cut back differently, it follows an overview of the specifics of the cut of the most important varieties of roses:
- The normal (noble) rose relies on being cut each spring because it blooms on the shoots that will be re-educated in the coming season.
- In refined roses, the wild shoots are removed throughout, here grows the underlying rose and not the rose species from which you want to see the flowers.
- If you want to develop long and straight flower heads with magnificent heads, you can cut all weak shoots down to three eyes and give only the strongest shoots a chance.
- A bed rose, on the other hand, is supposed to form many branches next to each other with many flowers, which it can only do if individual shoots do not shoot up too long. Here you leave as many well-developed shoots as possible and remove all competitors.
- New hybrid varieties, which bloom several times, are cut exactly after flowering there, the shaping can serve a spring crop.
- Shrub roses that bloom only once a year should not see pruning shears every year. They develop their flowers on the older branches, so they are used planned.
It is therefore all the more important to have an exact idea of the target shape in the occasional shape cut, so that the rose bush develops a growth habit that suits you. If necessary, this shape cut can even become a rejuvenation cut, in which you remove old shoots altogether to correct the shape!
- In such shrub roses, you should still be careful that the shrub inside does not grow too dense, which increases the risk of fungal infection, in the spring should be thinned as careful.
- Multi-flowering or perennial shrub roses are pruned in spring, and that quite vigorously, up to a third of the total plant mass may yield.
- With each cut, first the ailing and malformed shoots are removed, then all the shoots that are already very old and then the younger shoots that grow unfavorably.
For continuously blooming roses, they encourage the development of the flowers that follow in the same season when you remove withered flowers. If your rose feels very comfortable with you and grows accordingly, you can make something for each variety just before the hibernation.The right weather for the pruning
The vast majority of cutting measures are to be carried out in the spring time, and that certainly has its meaning. First, the rose comes better over the winter, if it retains all branches (and it's the outer ends that freeze in doubt and then cut away in the spring). Then, at that time, the rose is just starting to drift, in a "fully waxed" state it can best feed the numerous cuts.
By the way, if you are freshly concerned with roses and cultivating them in the garden, it may well be worthwhile to attend a rose cut course (offered by many communities and communities) because you can read as much as you can get your hands on - if If you do not want to stand in front of every branch, you should have just witnessed how an experienced rose gardener trimmed a rose in the twinkling of an eye.