The Content Of The Article:
The sowing takes place in the months April to May. It is not advisable to sown the plant in a pot as it can reach a very considerable height of 180 cm. Nevertheless, it is not impossible to cultivate Echinacea purpurea in a pot. The planting distance is 30 to 40 cm, so that the root can spread well.
As the name suggests, the sun hat needs a lot of sun, so that it can show a good flower splendor. The Echinacea purpurea can also grow and thrive in partial shade. However, in this case, a diminished flower formation can be seen. The soil should be well drained and humus rich. An optimal location is also close to the water. So if you have a pond in the garden, do not hesitate to pick a place near the pond.
The Echinacea purpurea is preferably grown outdoors from April to May in a sunny spot.
The Echinacea purpurea is very undemanding and does not require much care. If the plant is planted close to the water, it does not necessarily need to be watered. However, if the weather seems too dry, you should add some water to the plant. Be careful not to keep the floor too moist.
When fertilizing you should be careful with the sun hat. If you fertilize the plant too much, it grows quickly, but it weakens the plant too much. The result could be a kinking and thus the demise of Echinacea purpurea. It is advisable to use compost or a complete fertilizer during flowering. Often the single application is sufficient to supply the Echinacea purpurea with nutrients.
The flowering time is relatively short in the Echinacea purpurea and takes place only in August into October. After the flowering period, you should cut back the plant to about a hand's breadth above the ground. By cutting back the Echinacea purpurea can show its full bloom again next year.
For overwintering the Echinacea purpurea does not need much attention. If you cut back the coneflower directly after flowering, only a small size remains, which does not grow much during the winter. You can cover the plant with some leaves when the temperatures reach very far into the minus area. As a rule, however, the Echinacea purpurea can reach the winter unnoticed.
The Echinacea purpurea is a perennial plant, which is propagated every few years by root division. The roots have a strong growth, so you should share them every 3 years at the latest. If you want to propagate the Echinacea purpurea without root division, only a renewed sowing comes into question.
Tip: Propagation of Echinacea purpurea is vegetative. A good tip, however, is to multiply the plant by means of the root cuttings, which is considered to be more productive.
Diseases and pests
Actually, the Echinacea purpurea is very robust and requires little care. However, if the soil is too impermeable, it can lead to a waterlogging that can cause considerable damage to the plant. Excessive nutrient intake weakens the plant and may cause the stalk to collapse. If this happens, it is advisable to cut back the plant directly. Avoid further fertilizing in the following flowering season. If you see spots on the leaves, it may indicate a fungal disease. If you notice any stains on the leaves, you should remove them as soon as possible and also use a fungicide to prevent re-infestation.
The Echinacea purpurea is a late bloomer that adorns the garden with a purple color from August to October. Below you will find an overview of all the important characteristics of the plant:
- Growth height 60 to 180 cm
- Flowers mostly hanging
- easy maintenance
- permeable soil required preferably near the water
- With which plants can the Echinacea purpurea be combined? - The full beauty of the plant occurs when you plant the sun hat heaped. You can combine the Echinacea purpurea with globular thistles, magnificence, larkspur, sunbeam, sage, monkshood, asters, goldenrod or even the fine beam. In a separate bed, the color splendor comes out the best.
- Can the Echinacea purpurea be used as a cut flower? - The sun hat is very suitable to decorate the table in the living room. Due to the size of the coneflower, you can cut the plant very well during flowering and bind it as a bouquet of flowers. Make sure that the water is provided with some nutrients.
- Must a fungicide be used in case of a fungus or bacterial attack? - Once the plant has a disease, you need to treat the plant. The most effective is a fungicide to kill the bacteria or the fungus. Alternatively, you can fertilize the plant with stinging nettle and spray the plant with it. However, if the disease persists, it is advisable to use a fungicide as the disease may spread to other plants.
The red purple sun hat belongs to the family of the daisy family (Asteraceae). Other German names of the Rudbeckia purpurea are Real Sun Hat, Purple Sun Hat, Purple Cone Flower, Purple Hedgehog Head, Red Coneflower or Red Sunflower.
- Unlike the yellow sun hat (Rudbeckia fulgida) the Echinacea purpurea is rather a very short-lived plant.
- If you want lush discounts, you should sow the red sun hat regularly in the spring.
- It is recommended to sow at about 15° C, for example in a miniature greenhouse.
- Cut immediately after flowering to a hand's breadth above the ground.
- Because otherwise it could happen that the plant by the training of seeds too much spent.
- A regular rejuvenation can be done by a division in the spring.
- The native of the American continent perennial is also used in medicine.
- Originally home to the Purple Cone Flower in both North and South America.
- From there it was formerly brought to Europe from wild collections.
- Meanwhile, the medicinal herb is cultivated worldwide.
Due to the germ repellent effect, purple coneflower medicines are used intensively internally for chronic and recurring infections of the respiratory tract and the urinary tract. Other common uses for the purple coneflower are colds and flu. In this case, the purple coneflower drug is said to increase the body's own defenses. It is also possible to use it externally, for example for poorly healing, superficial wounds, minor injuries, ulcers and skin inflammation. Incidentally, as a supplementary feed - to strengthen the body's defenses - the Purple Sunhat is also available for horses, for example.