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If you want to spend your time as a hobby gardener in your home garden, you should think about how to make the most of the space in order to have lots of fun in your garden and to have the best possible harvest. For a varied overall picture of the garden, the passionate hobby gardener can create some raised beds or hills.
Basic information about the hillside
When creating a Hügelbeets you are basically similar to how to build a raised bed. However, while the raised bed costs for cutting the boards for the border of the acreage, these fall away in the lower-cost version of the Hügelbeets away. However, with regard to the stratification of the earth, the same principles are followed. The hillside should not be too broad so that the plants in the middle of the bed can be reached and poured from the side without much effort. We recommend a width of 1.70 meters or less and a maximum height of 60 cm. The location should be very sunny. All in all, care should be taken that the hillside is not too steep, otherwise the outer soil can be removed in heavy rain. Over time, the hillside sinks slightly. The hobby gardener should therefore always from time to time nachschÃ¼ten some fresh potting soil. The decoration of the bed are almost unlimited. Whether a small stone wall in the lower area of the bed or a wooden border for stabilization purposes, the passionate gardener can let off steam completely in the design of its hillside. A special eye-catcher is the subdivision of the bed into several levels, which can be done with the help of larger stones and small steps.
Create the bed step by step
Ideally, the hillside is planted in the fall of the previous year. This ensures that the various layers of soil provide a very fertile soil until spring and thus can be a profitable harvest in the summer. In addition, the materials needed to layer the bedding are naturally present in the fall.
- At the later location of the hill bed, the soil is now excavated to a depth of about 20-25 cm...
- ... and designed with a close-meshed wire mesh, which prevents voles later fall on the young plantlets.
The various layers of the soil are about 15 cm thick and have a different purpose:
- The bottom layer consists of thin branches, which were ideally cut or chopped slightly. These loosen up the soil and ensure a better ventilation of the soil.
- A layer of grass clippings or straw is applied over it, followed by fallen foliage that should be ample in the autumn months in a larger garden.
- Now follows coarse compost, which is getting finer and higher. The top layer is made of fine compost or alternatively garden soil, which can be enriched with some sand.
- In the middle layers of the bed, some potsherds can be placed, so the irrigation water or rainwater is better distributed.
The planting of the bed
In the first two years after the planting of the hill bed plants should be planted, which can cope with a high concentration of nitrate in the soil. For example, tomatoes, zucchini or pumpkins are ideal. Only after the first two years should be set salads, radishes or beans. In general, higher growing plants are more likely to be planted in the middle, to ensure that the sun can reach all plants very well and that the tall vegetables on the edge do not cover the lower vegetables in the middle of the bed. On the slopes of the bed vegetables are preferred to use, which form a strong root system. This stabilizes the soil and prevents it from slipping even in the case of severe external influences such as downpour or hail. Of course, a hillside can also be planted with wildflowers for purely optical reasons. No compost layers are necessary for this. Instead, normal garden soil can be poured, which should be enriched with some special potting soil from the hardware store.
Advantages of a hillside bed
A hillside has several advantages. Due to the rising form it is achieved that, with a suitable arrangement of the plants, all the vegetables actually get enough sun. If one were to plant the same plants on a flat surface, it would be conceivable that plants growing on the ground, such as zucchini, would be obscured by vegetables growing upwards, such as tomatoes or cucumbers, so that less sun would be absorbed. Through the different layers in the soil, the hobby gardener also ensures that the hillside is fertile for years and yields good yields.The temperature in the soil is a few degrees higher (up to 8° C higher), which is why a particularly rapid germination and a strong growth are possible, which in turn leads to a rich harvest.
Snails feel at home in a vegetable garden, crawl out of their holes, especially after rainy periods, and immediately plunge into the young vegetables. In a hilly area, possibly bordered by stones or a wooden facade, the voracious pest spirits have doubly difficult. Nevertheless, they are persistent enough to accept this much more laborious reusable in order to get to the delicious fruits of the garden. The attentive hobby gardener should therefore look for snails several times a day and collect them if necessary to protect his vegetables.
Worth knowing about hillsides shortly
The creation and management of hills are not particularly difficult. They fit easily into any garden and contribute to a varied garden picture. For hobby gardeners who are looking for a new challenge and want to do something special, they are an ideal project for the fall.
- Basically, a hillside has the same advantages as a raised bed.
- In contrast to these, no or very little edging material is needed so that the hillside looks a little more "natural".
- Especially for smaller gardens is to be mentioned that due to the curvature, the acreage increased by 1/3.
- The heat generated by the decomposition of the organic material prolongs the growing season as the bed is dried and warmed up faster in the spring.
- The soil is loose and it is sufficient to loosen the surface with a Gruber.
- Operation from a wheelchair is not possible at the hillside.
- Another disadvantage of the hill bed is the risk of faster drying, especially on the west side. Here, the moisture content of the soil must be checked regularly.
- When pouring, a flushing of the soil is to be avoided. Therefore, the bed gradient may not be too steep in the bedding plant.
Tip: Irrigation is particularly suitable with drip or trickle hoses (now also available for hobby gardeners in specialist shops), which can be placed in a ring around the bed.
The rotting of the bed core lowers the bed slowly and the slope becomes ever flatter. After 5-6 years, a 30-50 cm high humus layer remains. You can now continue working conventionally or create a new hillside. By creating several beds over the years you get different rotting stages and thus also different planting options.
Further building instructions for a hillside
- First, the base of the future bed is preferably staked the long side in the north / south direction. Here, the narrow side should not exceed 120 cm.
- Next, the most existing lawn is squares out square and set aside, as it is needed for the bedding plant.
- In the resulting rectangular depression is centered old wood and tree trimming thick branches.
- About this core you put the punched out grass with the grass side down and enters this firm.
- The bed starts to look like a rental. As a third layer, a thick layer of shredded material, autumn leaves or coarse compost or cow dung is layered on the grassy ground and in turn slammed.
- This leaf / coarse compost layer is now covered with a thick layer of a fine compost / humus mixture and tapped slightly trapezoidally with a shovel, i. flat at the top.
- The amount of rent now available depends on the thickness of the individual layers in the core and can be between 80-120 cm.
- In the above-flattened position, a so-called casting groove is pulled and the newly created hillside well watered.
- When building the layers can be moistened already.