Plant a raised bed - the best plants for the first year

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Plant a raised bed - the best plants for the first year: year

If hobby gardeners have fulfilled their dream of having their own raised bed in the garden, the plan of the planting plan is on the agenda. Does gardening at table height serve the highest possible yield of crisp vegetables and aromatic herbs? Or have you given the raised bed a decorative character with magnificent flower arrangements? How good that clear rules and laws point the way to skilfully plant a raised bed. Familiarize yourself with the best plants for the 1st year.

Plant raised bed

Once the frame of the raised bed has been completed, it is time for the right filling before you can put your planting plan into action. The preparations should be completed by mid-May, because then the time window opens for planting. The substrate is composed of these layers in the raised bed:
  • To protect against pests, cover the floor with a fine-meshed wire netting
  • Each additional layer is 25 to 27 inches thick
  • First layer: Drainage from potsherds, grit and gravel - thinly covered with soil
  • Second layer: branches, twigs and clippings of shrubs - thinly covered with soil
  • Third layer: Semi-rotted plant remains, such as stalks, leaves and coarse compost
  • Fourth layer: Mixture of humus soil, potting soil and 2-3 years old compost
If cavities form in the course of the stratification, they are stuffed with compost, leaves or paper. The second layer is ideally enriched with some calcium cyanamide (about 100 grams per square meter). If at hand, add some rock flour to the top layer. Of great advantage for the planting and care work as well as for the earning power of a raised bed affects, if the earth rises slightly towards the center in the form of a small hill.

Planting begins in May

It is recommended to create and fill a raised bed as early as autumn. At this time of the year, the garden supplies suitable material galore for the assembly. Until the beginning of the main planting season in May, the soil can settle in order to be topped up if necessary in the upper layer. This does not mean, however, that you leave your new raised bed unused for the winter. If you plant Erika, asters and chrysanthemums in September and October, you will be amazed by the first flowers. If you put flower bulbs in the ground like tulips, daffodils and crocuses, the time until May is wonderfully bridged. How to plant the raised bed with expertise:
  • Soak the ready-bought or hand-pulled young plants in water
  • In the meantime, thoroughly rake the soil and free it from weeds
  • Dig holes according to the plan of planting at a reasonable distance
  • A suitable planting hole has 1.5 to 2 times the volume of the root ball
  • Populate the young plants, plant in the planting holes, press soil and pour on

raised bed

One of the outstanding advantages of a raised bed is that you can set the planting distance closer than in the outdoor bed. Cauliflower, for example, is not planted at a distance of 50 x 50 cm, but thrives best at a distance of 30 x 30 cm. Celeriac is content with 20-25 cm and celery with 10-15 cm.

The best vegetables for the start

In a raised bed, the plants encounter a concentrated load of nutrients. Within the soil, significantly higher temperatures develop than in the field. The process forces the decomposition, resulting in a high nutrient concentration. This circumstance decisively defines which types of vegetables should be planted in the first year. First and foremost, all starvation sufferers are eligible, as they have a high consumption of nutrients without enriching nitrate at the same time. The following palette provides an overview:
  • eggplant
  • Beans: both bush and runner beans
  • Cabbage varieties: from cauliflower to cabbage
  • cucumbers
  • Potatoes: early and late varieties and sweet potatoes
  • paprika
  • celery
  • spinach
  • Beetroot
  • tomatoes
Vegetables with high space requirements are not recommended for cultivation in the raised bed, even if they are one of the heavyweights. Sprawling courgettes, mighty pumpkin or giant rhubarb get along better with a location in the ground-level bed.
Tip: Covered with fleece, a thermal hood or foliage, the raised bed provides a vitamin-rich harvest of Brussels sprouts, kale, leek and savoy cabbage far into winter.

Sophisticated mixed culture

raised bed

The cultivation concept of the mixed culture can easily be transferred to the raised bed. To take advantage of the many benefits of a mixed crop from the first year, it is not sufficient to pay attention only to the intensity of nutrient consumption. In addition, it should be considered to what extent the vegetables in the immediate vicinity understand each other.The following combinations may serve as suggestions:

Good neighborhoods for the first planting plan in the raised bed

  • Cucumbers: Cauliflower, Chinese cabbage, Brussels sprouts,
  • Potatoes: beans, cucumbers, leeks, peppers, celery, spinach, tomatoes
  • Brussels sprouts: celery, leek
  • Celery: beans, cucumbers, Brussels sprouts, Chinese cabbage, winter vines, tomatoes
  • Spinach: beans, potatoes early and late, all types of cabbage, tomatoes
  • Beetroot: bush beans, runner beans, onions
  • Tomatoes: beans, cauliflower, winter leek, spinach, celery
Avoid planting neighborhoods of cucumbers with potatoes and tomatoes. Similarly, potatoes with celery and beetroot. In addition, leeks may not be located next to beetroot and beans. Red cabbage and tomatoes may give a decorative color combination, but in growth both types of vegetables hinder each other.

Plant the raised bed in the ornamental garden

In the creative garden design the raised bed scores with convincing attributes. Thanks to the raised construction, it serves as a structural anchor, sums up the seat or bridges differences in height. This task fulfills the back-friendly flowerbed quite wonderful with side walls made of natural stone, modern gabions or wooden wickerwork. Since it does not depend in this case on the special stratification of the earth, as for growing vegetables, the planting plan for the 1st year makes a little more flexible. Filled with humus garden soil, the following ornamental species thrive here:
  • chrysanthemums
  • geraniums
  • sunflowers
  • tulips
  • dahlias
  • snapdragons
  • delphinium
They create a harmonious appearance when you plant the tall flowers in the center of the raised bed and arrange the daintier varieties to the edge. Due to the slightly curved layering of the substrate, hanging ornamental plants in the outer areas are very beautiful, as the many-flowered hanging geraniums.
Tip: Herbs feel reasonably comfortable in the raised bed at the earliest from the 3rd year, as most species prefer a lean, sandy-dry soil. The only exception is basil, which at the same time keeps out pests and diseases in the company of vegetables and ornamental plants.

Recommendations for care in the raised bed

raised bed

In order for the benefits of a raised bed to have a full effect, experienced hobby gardeners will pay extra attention to the following aspects:
  • Plants in a raised bed are more likely to be watered than outdoors
  • In the 2nd and 3rd year each spring fill the bed with compost and garden soil
  • Plant in the second medium seeder, who follow in the 3rd year weaker
  • In the 4th year, at the latest in the 5th year, replace the entire filling
  • From the 2nd year regularly fertilize organically with compost and Pflanzenjauchen
  • A lining with foil or polystyrene panels makes it easier to overwinter in the raised bed
Provided with a lowerable glass or foil roof, you extend the function of a raised bed to the cold frame, in order to prefer vegetables and flowers for the next season.
ConclusionIn order to successfully plant a raised bed, filling plays a fundamental role. If you arrange the layers in the recommended order, the plants will expect a concentrated load of nutrients at the start. Consequently, the best plants for the first year should be heavy-eaters who use the nutritious soil without accumulating nitrates in return. This applies to vegetables as well as flowers. However, herbs do not feel very well in this rich food supply - at least not in the first two years. Experienced hobby gardeners give a planting in the raised bed the finishing touch, by taking into account the requirements of a mixed culture. If they are compatible plant neighbors, they promote each other's growth. This prudence is reflected not only in the first year in a positive yield in a high yield, but continues in the following years seamlessly.

Video Board: How to grow vegetables in raised bed gardens.

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