The Content Of The Article:
- Appearance and growth
- Location and ground
- To cut
- winter protection
- Diseases and pests
The term "Ramblerrose", to German Schlingrose, comes from the English (to ramble =) and summarizes a group of creeping or spiraling roses together. The background to the name are the soft, flexible and long shoots of these wild rose hybrids, which conquer by their own power pergolas, trellises and even treetops. Rambler or Ramblerrosen belong like all other roses to the large family of rose plants (Rosaceae) and originated in the 19th century by the crossing of two Chinese rose species. In contrast to normal climbing roses, rambler roses have very many small flowers, have longer shoots, grow much higher and bloom - with the exception of a few varieties - only once a year.
Appearance and growth
Rambler roses have meter-long shoots with which they grow into light, old trees up to heights of up to ten meters. Their shoots, which are often reminiscent of lianas, are long, soft and pliable, making them ideal for greening large pergolas and imposing archways. Some species grow strong bushy, others even creeping. From a botanical point of view, rambler roses are so-called spreader clippers, meaning that they are always on the lookout for a hold with their spiked impulses. If the search is successful, hook them using the spines. Most rambler roses have many small flowers that are in lush flower tufts. Mostly they bloom only once a year, but very rich and impressive over several weeks. In addition to the main flowering time in early June, there are also early and late flowering varieties that begin to bloom at the beginning of May or at the end of June. Some species produce a second pile in late summer, but it turns out to be much less abundant than the first one. After flowering, most Rambler grow rose hips.
The Ramblerrose 'Betty Sheriff' helps clear trees to a second flowering
Location and ground
Rambler roses are extremely robust and undemanding. While most roses are absolute sun worshipers, rambler roses prefer a partially shaded spot where the long shoots can grow towards the sunlight. It is important that the location is as airy as possible, so that moisture in the leaf area can dry quickly. This significantly reduces the risk of powdery mildew. The soil should be rich in nutrients, and rambler roses prefer a humus rich, well drained soil. A too acidic soil does not get the plant well and should be brought to a normal pH with the help of algae lime.
If you want to plant a Rambler rose in the garden, you should keep in mind that such a rose needs a lot of space over the years. Autumn is the best planting season for bare root roses, you can plant containerware all summer long. Choose a location that meets the above conditions. A simple garden soil can be upgraded by the addition of seasoned compost.
If you want to grow your Rambler into a tree, it is best to choose the north side and plant it in the wind direction. So the wind pushes the rose into the tree, which prevents the breaking off of individual shoots.
At the beginning, the rambler rose needs a cocoa-filigree or a ladder, which gives it the way to the treetop. Then she spreads herself
Before planting your rambler rose on a tree, make sure that there is a sufficient distance of at least 80 centimeters between the planting pit and the tree. As a result, the rose develops better. Using a ladder or a Kokosseils the rose can be directed directly into the treetop. The rest of the way is the Rose itself. A suitable tree for a Rambler rose should have a trunk diameter of at least 30 to 40 centimeters, in order to be able to bear the load resulting from the plant. Attention: You should never plant the Rambler Rose directly into the soil of the tree, because an ingrown tree would be clearly superior to a young rose in the fight for nutrients and water. Tip: Put your Rambler rose in a large plastic bucket without bottom.
Before the rose is put into the soil, it is recommended to cut back the shoots of the Rambler to 40 centimeters. This stimulates a vigorous budding. For root-bare roses, a dip overnight ensures that shoots and roots are sufficiently moist for a better start in the soil. Then a generous hole is dug. The excavation should be replaced with humus-rich potting soil or enriched with compost. Then put the plant in, pour the hole back in, lightly press the soil and water vigorously. Immediately after planting, a rambler rose does not need fertilizer.
At the beginning, Rambler rose should be watered frequently, always only in the root area, to prevent fungal attack. After the first year, it is only necessary to water in case of extreme drought.
With a good soil preparation, additional fertilizer is necessary only after a whole growing season. It is best to fertilize in the spring when the first shoots appear. Suitable are compost or horn shavings. In June after flowering, it is advisable to use commercially available rose fertilizer. Work the fertilizer flat in the soil around the plant, but be careful so that the sensitive roots will not be damaged.
Rambler roses usually do not need a classic pruning. For single-flowered rambler roses, if necessary, a small incision takes place in which the densely growing shoots are lightened or dead, withered branches are removed. But you should not do this before the third year. The best time to do so is in spring at the time of forsythia blossom. Otherwise, you can remove blooms after flowering, but this can be difficult due to the plant height. This measure is necessary at best for optical reasons.
Rambler roses need no classic pruning. If necessary, blooming can be removed
With more frequently blooming rambler roses only a trimming should be carried out in the strongly proliferating branches. A Radikalschnitt must be avoided, since it would significantly limit the flowering joy.
The Ramblersorten, which can be acquired in this country, are hardy and therefore need no special winter protection. Only in the case of freshly planted or self-propagated plants should frost protection take place in the form of brushwood, mulch or a frost protection fleece in the first two winters.
Especially on house walls, the Rambler Rose offers a fairytale flair
Rambler roses are mostly used for greening house walls, carports, archways and pergolas. As a result, no later than in the third year after planting, they create a fairytale ambience even in dreary garden corners. Very often, they also conquer old fruit trees and, after the spring blossom of the trees in June and July, they are captivating with a further splendor of color. For this, the selected woody plants must already be "grown up". Ideally suited are deep-rooted larches, pines or laburnums, which do not give the flat-rooted Ramblers much competition. Rambler roses cover everything that stands in their way with a colored ribbon of flowers. If the climbing artists do not find any foothold, they also pull their long shoots across the entire area over rocks and embankments. The fascination of the climbing roses is that they can cope even in small gardens and on narrowest planting sites, despite their lengthiness. Ramblers like 'Bobby James' have proven their worth as fence or hedge roses. They are a space-saving, shapeable, colorful hedge alternative for cramped locations where there is simply no room for a free-growing shrub rose hedge.
Special design effects can be achieved in the garden with rose arches, behind which opens another, surprising world
There are more than 170 different varieties of rambler roses; among the most popular include:
- 'Albéric Barbier': cream, filled, once-blooming, 300-500 cm
- 'Bobby James': white, half-filled, once-blooming, 300-500 centimeters
- 'Filipes Kiftsgate': cream white, simple, once-blooming, 700-900 centimeters
- 'Flammentanz®': red, filled, once-blooming, 300-500 centimeters
- 'Paul Noel': pink, filled, after-flowering, 300-500 cm
- 'Paul's Himalayan Musk': light purple to pink, half-filled, once-blooming, 600-1000 centimeters
- 'Robber barons': bright purpurosa, half-filled, once-blooming, 250-350 centimeters
The Rambelrrose 'Raubritter' charms with a pink flower splendor
- 'Super Dorothy®': pink, filled, more often, 300-500 cm
- 'Super Excelsa®': carmine pink, filled, more often, 300-500 centimeters
- 'Deep Purple': violet, loosely filled, once blooming, 300-500 centimeters
- 'Venusta Pendula': pink / white, half-filled, once-blooming, 300-500 centimeters
Rambler roses can be easily propagated by cuttings. The best time for this is the end of July / beginning of August. From a one-year shoot, cut off pencil-long pieces with at least three leaves. Remove all but the top two leaves. There should be a leaf or a bud at the bottom of the cuttings. Then the cuttings are dipped in rooting powder and put into a pot filled with soil. All you have to do is cast the cutlery well, cover it with a foil hood and place it in a sheltered, partially shaded spot outside. Alternatively, the cuttings can also be plugged into humus-rich soil in a half-shady spot in the field.Put an empty mason jar over the cutting and keep the soil evenly moist. Waterlogging should be avoided. In winter, the young plants need special protection from mulch, brushwood or a frost protection fleece, as they are still sensitive to cold.
Diseases and pests
Like all roses, rambler roses are also susceptible to mildew and other fungal diseases. Therefore, make sure that there is sufficient air circulation and always pour the rambler roses from below. Do not plant the rambler roses on a hot south wall, as this favors a powdery mildew case. If required, a large-leaved ivy can cover the hot brickwork and act as a cool background for the rose. If the leaves of the rambler intervene, this is most likely an indication of the rose leaf wasp. She lays her eggs on the leaf margins and grow larvae in the rolled up leaves. It is best to remove the affected leaves immediately and dispose of them with household waste. Aphids also occasionally occur in rambler roses. Often already a shower with the water hose helps. In an infestation by the rose cicada, the upper leaves are speckled white and on the undersides show greenish-white small insects. If this infestation becomes too strong, it is best to resort to a suitable pesticide.