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Rambler roses were formed only at the beginning of the 20th century by crossing the Chinese species Rosa multiflora and Rosa wichuraiana. They are characterized by lush growth and numerous, often wild rose-like flowers. Rambler roses have particularly soft and pliable, long shoots and can conquer largely on their own power pergolas, trellis and even treetops.
In general, rambler roses bloom only once a year in early summer, but then very rich and impressive over several weeks. Varieties such as 'Super Exelsa', 'Super Dorothy' and 'Malvern Hill' show even after a few years a weak after-flowering until late summer. However, the second flowering is by no means as abundant as that of the modern climbers. Along with these thick-shooted, rather upright-growing rose varieties, rambler roses belong to the class of climbing roses.
Rambler roses need space
A special indicator of rambler roses in old fruit trees, as they decorate the crowns after the spring bloom of the trees in June and July with another enchanting color splendor. However, light crowns and well ventilated locations are prerequisites for a healthy growth of the otherwise undemanding rambler roses. Robinia and pines are also suitable for fueling, provided that the trunk is already strong enough to carry the load of strong-growing climbing plants. If a suitable tree is available and the garden beauty is given sufficient freedom, it can be left almost to itself.
The Ramblerrose 'Bobby James' likes to be planted on house facades or on fruit trees, gets along with little sun and beautifies shady seats. Here she has conquered an elder
Rambler roses usually do without any cutting measures. If you need an alignment cut, just remove every third shoot until it's over. If necessary, however, stronger cutbacks to the old wood are possible. In order to promote the branching, you can cut some of the annual shoots in winter to about half. With strong pruning, however, the flowering splendor suffers, because rambler roses bloom almost exclusively on the previous year's shoots.
So you plant rambler roses on trees
Before planting a rambler rose, cut all shoots back to 40 cm to stimulate vigorous budding. A large plastic bucket without soil is embedded in the plant hole and protects the root ball until it grows against competing tree roots. Place the rose and bucket one meter away on the north side of the trunk so that it can grow towards the light and thus to the trunk. When digging the deep planting hole, be careful not to damage the roots of the tree too much and replace the excavation with humus-rich potting soil or enrich it with compost.
Freshly planted rambler roses can protect you from root competition through the tree roots with a large bottomless bucket
With the help of a rope or a ladder the long rose shoots are led to the lower crown branches, the Ramblerrose then finds the further way into the branches alone. The garden queen, who soon merges with the crown of the tree and reveals deeper layers of earth with her roots, is looking forward to regular watering in the first year. If necessary, attach the shoots to the climbing aid with a loose coconut rope to prevent the bark from being pinched. Once the Ramblerrose has taken root in the treetop, the connection can be released again.