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Rambler roses, shrub roses and wild roses are among the most picturesque and romantic, what the rose world has to offer for the garden. All three groups of roses manage with little care, are very robust and delight each year with richer florets. The cut is limited to the essentials, the time depends on the flowering time. To cut roses, a very sharp pair of scissors should always be used to avoid pinching the shoots. Slits are made obliquely over an outward-facing, healthy eye. The slope of the cut should point away from the eye, so that dew and rainwater can flow well without affecting the eye.
Cut rambler roses
Rambler roses come for years without cutting and enjoy every year with rich florets. However, as they are very powerful, over time a barely visible network of many shoots develops. The consequence of this:
- the air can not circulate anymore
- Fungal diseases are piling up
- the maintenance effort is thereby higher
A maximum of one third of the old shoots are cut off directly above the ground, whereby it must be ensured that the strongest shoots remain standing. Renewed renewals quickly fill in the gaps. On the main spurs, the side shoots are cut back to four or two eyes. Since most Rambler only bloom once, the cut is waited until after flowering. It takes place in late summer.
Cut shrub roses
To the group of shrub roses are counted those which grow higher than noble or bed roses. As a rule, shrub roses need not be cut, as they can and may grow into spreading shrubs, which can often reach a height of 2.50 meters and a similar width. Among the shrub roses there are once-flowering varieties, moreover several or even perennial varieties. The shrub roses also include the old or historic roses so sought after for their fragrance. Normally all shrubs need no cut. Uncut they get their so picturesque growth over the years. An improper cut would do more harm than good. As most shrub roses bloom on biennial or perennial wood, rose lovers should leave them alone and remove only sick or dead shoots. However, in older shrubs through a targeted cut the willingness to flower again stimulated and the growth form can be positively influenced. For this purpose, about one, maximum two of the oldest shoots are taken out every year. Shoots that are no longer rich are shortened a little. The cut in frequently flowering shrub roses occurs at the same time as the forsythia flower, when no more severe frosts are to be expected. The removal of older shoots stimulates the formation of new, flowering shoots. Old roses as well as Chinese roses and moschata hybrids are pruned only after flowering and only if no rosehips are to be formed.
Cut wild roses
The wild roses are strictly speaking also the shrub roses and usually need no cut. Only in the early days after planting a so-called shaped cut is appropriate so that the shrubs build a uniform framework. Thereafter, only sick, damaged or dead wood has to be taken out. Similar to the shrub roses, after a few years, a rejuvenation cut can be made in which the oldest shoots on the base are taken out. A radical cut to the rejuvenation should not be made if possible. Since the shrubs bloom on the two-year-old wood, rose lovers would have to wait two years after the radical cut, until the shrubs start blooming again. With the exception of the potato rose (Rosa rugosa) wild roses bloom only once, so a necessary cut is made only after flowering.