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Fruity-sweet, yummy and brimming with vitamins: Raspberries are an invigorating snack and are easy to clean. If you avoid these mistakes in raspberry care, nothing stands in the way of a rich harvest.
Error 1: The wrong location
Raspberry care starts with the location. Because on inappropriate soil raspberries have no desire to grow. They love loose, deep and above all humus rich soil. The soil may be slightly acidic with pH values between 5.5 and 6. Raspberries, on the other hand, hate very loamy or bewildered soil, where fungal diseases of roots and shoots do not take long to wait.
In the garden, raspberries prefer a loose, humus-rich soil and a trellis on which they can be led upwards
If you have clay soil, you do not have to do without raspberries. Improve the planting position with ripe compost 1: 1 and use a good amount of coarse sand if possible. Raspberries ideally grow in rows and with tendons of tensioned wire.
Error 2: The missing mulch layer
Mulch not only helps in the perennial flowerbed, but also in raspberry care. As original forest dwellers, raspberries love a loose litter layer on the soil surface. The several centimeters thick mulch layer of slightly dried grass clippings, mulch or straw simulates the natural leaf fall in the forest. Straw or coarse bark mulch should only be distributed in conjunction with horn shavings to provide the soil with sufficient nitrogen and to prevent a deficiency.
A layer of Mulcherde protects the raspberries from drying out
Raspberries also help soil organisms: mulch acts like a parasol, keeping the soil moist and soil life in good spirits. Perfect, because raspberries are rooted very flat, deeper and thus water-rich soil layers are unattainable for them. Mulch, however, does not prevent annoying weeds, seeds are still germinating and mulch is not a serious barrier to root weeds. However, you can freshly germinated weeds and young plants easily pull out of the loose mulch material.
Error 3: The wrong cut
The biggest mistake is not to cut your raspberries and just let them grow wild. There are two variants: summer and autumn raspberries. The raspberry care is the same for both, the varieties differ only in their harvest time.
Summer raspberries also bear on this year's two-year-old shoots and autumn raspberries. Each year, both varieties form a whole sweep of new shoots growing directly from the plant base. For summer raspberries, leave only six to eight rods per plant, the rest will come off and be cut just above the ground. Important: Leave two-year-old shoots, otherwise the harvest will be canceled next year. With autumn raspberries, the cut is a bit rougher, you can cut off all the rods near the ground. The right time to cut is after the harvest, ie summer raspberries in August and autumn raspberries on mild winter days.
Summer raspberries (left) are traditionally cut in August, autumn raspberries (on the right) on mild winter days
When it comes to raspberry care, you always have to deal with the raspberry beetle, which makes the juicy fruits maggot and already lays its eggs in the flowers. The hatched maggots then eat their way through the fruit and make them unappetizing. Wherever the beetles strike according to experience, it is best to plant autumn raspberries, because they are insensitive. If they bloom from mid-July, the beetle with his family planning is long gone and does not remember about the flowers.