Raspberry (Rubus idaeus)

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Type / Family: Perennial. Plant of the genus Rubus from the subgenus Idaeobatus
Maintenance: Medium. Soil should not dry out, but very sensitive to waterlogging
Harvest: Depending on the variety from May to early October with red, yellow or black fruits. Characteristic of the raspberry is that when picking the fruit the bright cone remains on the plant, whereas it remains with blackberries on the berry
Foliage: ovate, pointed towards the front, serrated leaves in medium green. Fine hairy
Ingredients: Rich in vitamin C and fiber, biotin
Growth: Taut upright shoots; but have to be tied up
Height: 150 to 200cm
Environment: Partial shade cool with high humidity. In full sun all day the leaves and fruits burn easily. Permeable, moist and nutrient-rich soil. No waterlogging
Planting time: planting distance of 50cm, row spacing of 150cm. Cut back to about 20cm after planting
Cut: Cut back summer-bearing varieties to the ground after harvesting. They form new shoots on which fruits grow in the following year. Cut down autumn-bearing varieties after harvest or in winter to the ground
Propagation: propagate itself through offshoots; can also be removed
Care: Soil should always be kept moist, but plants are sensitive to waterlogging
Wintering: Winter hardy
Illnesses / diseases / pests:
Raspberry Rash Disease: Can be reduced by removing the shoots immediately after harvest. Cut out stained reddish to violet colored rods
Himbeermade: Larva of the raspberry beetle The beetle lays its eggs in the raspberry blossoms. Late-flowering varieties are therefore no longer affected, as the late flowering egg laying has already occurred
Iron deficiency: Especially young leaves turn evenly yellow - fertilizer
Magnesium deficiency: Older leaves only partially yellow with still green leaf veins - fertilizers
Nitrogen deficiency: shoots hardly grow - horn shavings
Fruits remain rather small: soil mostly too dry
Red root rot (Phytophthora): Rods die, mostly caused by waterlogging
Already recognized since ancient times medicinal plant
Yellow varieties have been around since 1601
Does not belong botanically to the berries but is a collecting nut fruit (on the small yellow-brown seed-like nutlets on the surface of the fruits recognizable)
Newly bred varieties are often labeled with virus-free. These varieties are robust and disease resistant, often offering larger fruits and twice as high yields than other varieties
Varieties (selection)
'Aroma-Queen®: Newer strain from the variety' Autumn Bliss. Large oval fruits in bright red with aroma reminiscent of wild raspberries. Enjoyment at the beginning of August to the beginning of October. Is considered to be resistant to diseases and rod dying
'Autumn Bliss: Also called' Blissy. Autumn raspberry. Very large, slightly elongated or roundish berries in dark red. Firm pulp with fine acidity. Very well known and popular strain. Carries on the 1-year-old rods, so cut back at ground level after harvest. Thus, Rutken disease does not occur. Resistant to root diseases, lice and maggot-free. Good to cultivate in the tub too.
Ready for consumption August to October
'Autumn First: Newer breeding with larger fruits than' Autumn Bliss. Autumn raspberry / Prime Berry. Carries large highly aromatic fruits on the 1-year-old rod. It is considered a very robust strain, less susceptible to worms
'Bakkers Jewel: height 150cm. Large, cylindrically shaped fruits in medium red. Enjoyment from July to August. Very good also suitable for freezing
'Blissy: See above' Autumn Bliss
Fall gold: height 150cm. Small round fruits in yellow. Flesh with a pleasant sweetness. Enjoyment from July to August
'Fallred: autumn raspberry. Harvest mid-August to mid-November. Big, aromatic fruits
'Glen Ample: Newer variety. Early ripening. Large, slightly conical fruits in dark red. Flesh pleasantly sweet and aromatic. Ready for consumption July to early August. Impressed with stingless shoots, high yield and good quality
Golden Bliss®: Newer variety. Medium sized, yellow greenish coated fruits. Sweet pulp. Ready for consumption August to October
'H├ę ritage: height 120cm. Harvest time from September to October. Medium sized, sweet, juicy fruits
'Himbo-Top: newer variety. Fall-supporting. Brings forth very aromatic fruits from the beginning of August. Particularly rich. vigorous
Meeker: Newer variety. Mid-morning, carrying twice. Medium-sized, slightly rounded fruits in dark red. Flesh pleasant sweet and sour. Enjoyable July. Valid as a very healthy and virus-tolerant strain. vigorous
'Pokusa: Large, slightly elongated, dark red fruits.Pulp with strong raspberry aroma. Medium strong upright growth. Empire-supporting. Enjoyment from July to October. Regarded as currently the largest raspberry
Polka: Early maturity. Very aromatic fruits in July to August
'Royal: medium-sized, red, rather plump fruit in grapes. Spicy-spicy forest raspberry flavor. Mass support. Forms from the third year about 15-20 rods with up to 15 kg of fruit per plant. Is considered to be resistant to diseases and fruit damage. Very good for freezing, as there is no fear of flavor loss
'Rubaca: Also called' Niniane. Late ripening summer raspberry. Large, medium red glowing, well-preserved, aromatic fruits. Pulp sweet and sour. Enjoyment from July to August. Valid as a healthy variety that is less susceptible to root rot and rutile disease
'Ruflava®: Medium dark yellow fruits. Firm sweet pulp with a nutty note. Is considered to be particularly resistant to rodent diseases and fruit rot. Requires full sun and humus rich soil. Enjoyable July
'Sch├Ânemann: Late. Large, elongated berries in rich red. Sweet pulp. Extremely profitable. Strong, upright growth. Enjoyment from July to August. Old species
'Tulamen: Forms very large, aromatic fruits. Delicate strain
Freezing: Place raspberries (all berries) side by side on a plate, plate or bowl and place in the freezer compartment. Freeze only and then place in a freezer bag or a freezer tray. So they stick less frozen together so that you can remove them individually and they get less pressure points. In the freezer they last a maximum of 12 months
Tea: Tasty is a tea made from various ingredients, which can be consumed without hesitation daily and in large quantities. 30g dried raspberry leaves with 30g shredded rosehips, 30g dried hibiscus flowers, 30g dried blackberry leaves and 10g dried strawberry leaves are mixed well. For a large cup (150ml) two teaspoons of the mixture are needed, which are doused with boiling water. Then let it draw for 5-10 minutes and drink optionally pure or round off with lemon juice and sweeten with sugar or honey if necessary
Raspberry and Basil Vinegar: Pour a handful of raspberries and some basil leaves into a clean bottle and top up with 500ml of good white wine vinegar. The bottle is capped and stored for 14 days in a cool, dark place (e.g., a cellar). Then strain the solid ingredients
The high fiber content helps raspberries in gastrointestinal diseases, have a supporting effect on digestion and should help to lower high cholesterol levels. The biotin called beauty vitamin improves the elasticity of the skin. Raspberry juice lowers fever

Video Board: Raspberry Pruning Basics | Spring Raspberry Pruning | Rubus idaeus.

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