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Rauli - wood, parquet, profileThe Rauli, scientifically called "Nothafagus alpina", is also known by names such as "Rauli-Scheinbuche" or "Rauli-Südbuche".
The deciduous tree from the genus of pseudobulbs belongs to the family of the fox bushes and occurs mainly in central Chile.
The Rauli is also at home in the western Argentinian province of Neuquen. He also exists in Central Europe, where he is hardy. So far, it is planted in Europe and thus also in Germany, but only in trial cultivation.
Rauli wood is the most common wood in Chile. Unfortunately, it has been minimized in recent years by the depletion. The stocks that still exist today in Chile are more of a poor quality. Some of them have very bad case characteristics. To protect the cultivation, the export of Rauli is only allowed as sawn timber.
Appearance of Rauli
The deciduous tree can grow up to 40 meters in the wild. In Europe, however, it is only 30 meters on average. If it is a particularly favorable location, but the Rauli can be much higher. In young trees, the treetop is very narrow and has thick, rising branches.
As the tree gets older, it widens and the crown becomes cone-shaped. The bark also differs according to age. In a young tree she is dark green while
The bark is greenish gray in older trees and has evenly distributed, brown cracks.
The branches of the Rauli are green, but later turn dark brown and are quite rough. The buds have one
Auburn coloration, are narrow and conical. They will be around one centimeter tall. The leaves of the Rauli are between four and eight inches long. They have a yellow stem and 15 to 18 distinct recessed nerve pairs.
In autumn, the leaves appear in a golden yellow to camomile red color. When Rauli wood you can not quite clearly separate the sapwood and heartwood. While the sapwood is narrow and gray pink, the heartwood looks fresh reddish-brown when fresh.
When light comes on, it darkens quickly. The structure of the wood is very regular and straight-grained. Therefore, the wood also has a slight silky sheen.
Special features and use of the Rauli
From the Rauli a gray to red-brown wood emerges, which is suitable for interior design, for furniture and wood turning. In interior design, however, it is only used where medium stress is given. Since it is very easy to work and polish the wood of the Rauli, the use in furniture making, especially for surfaces, is common.
As a floor covering, it is less well suited. Since Rauli is not weather-resistant by nature, it can not be used outdoors if left untreated. Very often it is processed into plywood. Furthermore, Rauli is used by many tribes in Chile for the manufacture of various household appliances.
The result is beautiful bowls, bowls, cups and plates, which are wonderfully treated by hand due to the properties of Rauli. The use of machines for processing Rauli is basically possible, but not absolutely necessary.