Real spice bush - care, propagation and cutting

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real spice shrub Calycanthus floridus

The true spice shrub comes from North America and belongs to the family of spice shrubs, which are related to the laurel-like shrubs. Often the shrub is also called "Carolina Clove Pepper", its botanical name is Calycanthus floridus, The upright growing, bushy shrub can grow up to three meters high and is therefore ideal as a solitary plant. But also works well in small groups and in low perennial beds. In the midst of dense, fresh green foliage, the magnolia-like small flowers appear on the new short shoots. With their strong red-brown color, they shine from the leaves.
The flowering period of the real spice shrub lasts from late May to July. But not only because of the attractive flowers, the shrub is popular, but mainly because of its fragrance. While the flowers exude a delicate strawberry scent, especially in the evenings, the bark of the branches smells of cloves and cinnamon. The dried bark can also be used as a cinnamon substitute. However, in small quantities, as the shrub is slightly poisonous. Possibly trained fruits, which is rarer in our latitudes, are also poisonous. The genuine spice shrub is an ornamental shrub.

Location and soil requirements of the spice plant

Shrubs are longtime companions in the garden. Once they are waxed, care is easy. For the real spice shrub a protected, sunny to slightly shady place should be chosen as the location. The more sun the spice shrub gets, the better the flowers are formed. The soil claims are normal. Permeable, humus-rich garden soil mixed with fertilizer or compost is best. Existing plantations receive a fertilizer in early spring. Provided with a layer of mulch, you need the real spice shrub less fertilize and water. Only when the summers are hot and dry, additional watering is necessary.

Plant real spice bush

real spice shrub Calycanthus floridus

In principle, young spice shrubs can be planted from early spring, as soon as the soil is frost-free, until late autumn. However, the most ideal time is autumn, then the shrub can still grow well and drive out in the spring without delay. Offered in tree nurseries, garden centers and garden centers root-bare shrubs, in containers or balled, in which the root ball is wrapped with bale cloths. The advantage of container and rootball plants is that they can be planted almost all year round. Thorough watering before planting is important in all three species. The excavated planting hole should be at least twice as large as the root system. The trash is mixed with compost or some horn shavings and filled around the shrub. Then congeal and pour.

Increase real spice shrub

To multiply trees is not that difficult, but it requires a little patience. The easiest way is with cuttings. Also with the real spice shrub this kind of propagation is ideal. Needed are:
  • a miniature greenhouse or a larger plastic bag
  • a flowerpot filled with sprouting soil
  • a sharp secateurs
From July, the cuttings can be cut. Suitable are new, already slightly woody shoots. Of these, the shoot tips are separated by a length of 10-15 cm about 0.5 cm below an eye with a smooth cut. Then the bottom leaves are removed and the cuttings are put in the pot with the soil. At least one pair of leaves must be left in the upper half for photosynthesis to be rooted. Moisten the soil thoroughly and place the pot in the miniature greenhouse or put a plastic bag over it. Place in a warm, non-sunny place and keep it evenly moist. After about four weeks, the rooting begins. If the pot is well rooted, it can be planted out. In regions prone to frost, however, it is advisable to put the young plants in the open air only in the spring. However, the increase can also be done by lowering. For this purpose, young shoots are placed from the mother plant in the arch in the earth. The shoot tip must protrude from the ground. After rooting the Absenker is separated from the mother plant and planted in the new place.

Overwintering and cutting

real spice shrub Calycanthus floridus

The spice shrub is hardy and can withstand temperatures down to -15° C. Therefore, it only needs in particularly endangered regions winter protection from reeds, jute or fleece. The pruning of the genuine spice shrub occurs in early spring, before the shrub expels, and must not be too radical. The best is only lighted. In the process, dead, sick and too-tight shoots are cut out. In the case of the dense branches you have to make sure that only older and woody ones are cut out. In an "all-around Radikalschnitt" brings the shrub less flowers.Incidentally, pests and diseases are not known in this spice shrub.

Worth knowing about the real spice shrub shortly

  • an attractive shrub, with a fruity and spicy fragrance
  • with its red-brown bright flowers an ideal solitary plant
  • prefers a bright, sunny location, preferably sheltered from the wind
  • easy-care and hardy, pruning easy
  • against vermin and diseases the real spice shrub is not vulnerable
  • Waterlogging should be avoided as much as possible
  • a hardy plant that can withstand temperatures down to -20° C
Of the Calycanthus floridus was first imported in 1726 from North America to Europe. The shrub belongs to the ornamental shrubs. It is ideal for the garden because it grows very slowly. - Do you want to multiply your spice shrub because you like it so much? Or would you like to let your beautiful shrub live on in small cuttings? Such a cutting is also a very nice gift. The cuttings are best pulled in midsummer. Plant the cuttings with roots in good humus soil.

Video Board: Plants You Can Grow From Cuttings and Leaves That gives excellent Results.

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