The Content Of The Article:
- plant Description
- Hedgehog myrtle "Maigrün" - the flexible garden plant
- When does the hedge myrtle "Maigrün" bloom?
- Popular hedge myrtle species
- Plant hedge myrtle "Maigrün" - Important tips and hints
- The hedge myrtle "Maigrün" as a container plant
- This is how to properly cultivate the hedge myrtle
- The hedge myrtle "Maigrün" as bonsai
The hedge myrtle is an optimal alternative for the boxwood. She is undemanding, easy to get in shape and impresses with a changeable beauty.
The hedge myrtle "Maigrün" presents itself to the beholder extremely diversely. Transformed into a variety of sculptures and figures, the plant becomes an eye-catcher in every garden. All year round the hedge myrtle presents its fresh, may green leaf color. With its white flowers the hedge myrtle "Maigrün" knows how to set additional accents. If you are looking for an easy-to-handle and uncomplicated hedge plant, which you can miss its own appearance through a regular shape cut, you will learn everything worth knowing about the plant also used as table decoration at weddings and other festivities.
The Heckemyrte is a representative of the rather extensive family of Caprifoliaceae. This plant family includes about 180 different species. Their main distribution area is in the northern hemisphere. As a shrub, the hedge myrtle is only about one meter high. At particularly favorable locations, plant heights of up to 1.5 meters were also observed. The hedge myrtle is characterized by its egg-shaped shiny and juicy green leaves. As a hedge plant, the hedge myrtle "Maigrün" scores points for its robustness, cut tolerance and winter hardiness. The plants thrive in virtually every location and are hardly affected by diseases.
Hedgehog myrtle "Maigrün" - the flexible garden plant
If you grow a hedge myrtle "Maigrün", you will acquire a small shrub. This usually reveals numerous fresh shoots and thus indicates its vigor. Preferably, the small shrubs are planted as hedges. Even as flowering plants the hedge myrtles are not unattractive. In individual position, the ground cover can develop particularly well. Once the plant has reached a certain size, you can turn the hedge myrtle into attractive forms, sculptures or animals. The plant is in no way inferior to boxwood and is often used as an alternative.
Hedge myrtles offer a whole range of different possibilities:
- ground cover
- under planting
- Greening of surfaces
- small hedges
- Shape cut in unique position
When does the hedge myrtle "Maigrün" bloom?
As the name already suggests, the flower of hedge myrtle falls in the month of May. If the location is ideal, the flowering period can last until the month of June. The small white flowers are especially popular with table decorations for weddings or other festive occasions. In late summer the plant produces round red berries. These are not edible, but give the plant extra appeal.
Popular hedge myrtle species
❍ Evergreen honeysuckle
The hedge myrtle is one of the honeysuckle plants and occurs in more than 180 species worldwide. Originally the plants come from Asia. The evergreen honeysuckle also includes the hedge myrtle "Maigrün" described here.
❍ Tatar honeysuckle
The Tatar honeysuckle proves to be particularly robust and adaptable. This honeysuckle species can reach heights of growth of up to four meters. A sunny as well as a shady location is welcome. The pink flowers of the plant are particularly attractive. The deep red berries are formed in midsummer. Mature plants also tolerate harsh climates and are well adapted to the urban climate.
❍ Red honeysuckle
The red honeysuckle is one of the evergreen honeysuckle. The plants tolerate extreme heat and tolerate longer dry periods. In summer, the red honeysuckle is visited by many butterflies. The plants grow about three meters high and love calcareous soils.
❍ Alpine honeysuckle
The Alpine honeysuckle is also known as red double berry. The shrub is deciduous and can grow up to three meters tall. In the Alps, the plant occurs at altitudes of more than 2,000 meters. In Germany, there is a natural occurrence of Alpine honeysuckle along the course of the Danube.
Plant hedge myrtle "Maigrün" - Important tips and hints
The variety presented here is probably the most popular hedge myrtle and is therefore preferred planted. This is not only due to the appearance, but also to the simplicity and growth of the plant itself.
" Tip: The hedge myrtle is also planted in the tub, but it grows little higher than half a meter.
Due to its dense growth, the plant can be used very well for the design of a hedge. To gain a dense hedge, no less than four plants per meter should be planted.
The location can be chosen practically freely.The hedge myrtle grows even where many plants surrender. If the plants stand in the shade, they will grow as quickly as in the choice of a sunny or partially shaded location. This means that it is no problem to use the plants to create larger hedges and to meet different lighting conditions.
" Tip: If a hedge is to be created, the fairly wide growth of the plants must be taken into account when choosing the location.
If you want to green larger areas and quickly see corresponding successes, it is advisable to use up to seven plants per square meter. The hedge myrtle is not only attractive as a hedge plant. The plant can also be used as background planting in the perennial border, in combination with phlox, larkspur or asters.
- sunny to partially shaded
- as a hedge
- in isolation
- in the perennial border
- Avoid waterlogging
The hedge myrtle is also undemanding with regard to the soil. The plants thrive in acidic to alkaline soils. When planting, it should be noted that no waterlogging is tolerated. This can be counteracted by the loosening of the soil and the creation of a drainage.
" Tip: Particularly heavy loamy soils are to make it permeable with coarse sand or gravel.
If the hedge myrtle is planted in the tub, pay attention to a nutrient-rich soil. Even potted plants are more likely to be affected by waterlogging. A drainage layer of gravel or clay at the bottom of the vessel is therefore recommended.
- neutral, slightly acidic or slightly alkaline
Auswählen Select location
❷ Pay attention to planting distances
Aus dig plant pits twice the size of the root ball
Auf Loosen the substrate and enrich with compost or horn shavings
Einsetzen Insert plants into the individual planting holes
Auf Fill with substrate
And Press earth
Reich Irrigate plants abundantly
First, select the location according to the desired planting. It can be a single stand in the bed or even a meter-long hedge. The soil is to be cleared of weeds and stones. Then the planting holes can be dug. To obtain a dense hedge, four to five plants per meter are necessary. In order to offer the plants an effective long-term fertilizer from the beginning, the substrate should be upgraded accordingly. The addition of compost provides the plants sustainably with nutrients and promote the rapid growth of the mini hedge.
" Tip: When filling the planting holes, make sure that the earth does not extend further than just below the first pair of leaves.
The best planting times are spring and autumn. When planted in the fall, a mulch layer protects the plants from the nearby winter and ensures good growth.
The hedge myrtle "Maigrün" as a container plant
Even in the bucket, the hedge myrtle can be cultivated well and get in shape. Planters with hedge myrtles cut into spheroidal or pyramidal shapes can be used to design doorways or gates. When choosing the location you can fall back on sun, partial shade or even shade. The substrate should be loosened to prevent waterlogging.
Potted plants should not be over-molded. Between the individual Wassergaben the earth can calmly dry a little. The young plants are usually supplied with sufficient nutrients when buying, so no fertilization must be done in the first year. The substrate can be enriched with compost. This represents an effective slow-release fertilizer. In winter, the container plant shows less robust. A sheltered location on the wall of the house is recommended. In general, the hedge myrtle "Maigrün" is also hardy in the bucket and can withstand temperatures in the double-digit minus range.
" Tip: If the plant is in the bucket, it should be sporadically poured on frost-free days so that the soil does not dry out completely.
This is how to properly cultivate the hedge myrtle
If the hedge myrtle is planted in the field, it can also live without water for a long time. During the growing season, regular irrigation is recommended. Wait until the next watering until the upper layer of soil has dried slightly. Although occasional dehydration is tolerated, it should not be a permanent condition. The plants are thereby weakened too much.
Young plants that have been purchased must not be fertilized in the first year after planting. They were sufficiently supplied with nutrients. If you have grown your own plants, you can add compost to the potting soil and thus provide a long-term fertilizer. If the plant is in the bucket, a commercial liquid fertilizer should be used every two months during the summer months.
The hedge myrtle is extremely cut compatible. Due to the enormous joy of growth can be started early with cutting measures. The ideal time for a pruning is the late winter.You do not have to be cautious, a strong pruning promotes growth and the plant drives out all the more.
" Tip: Especially young plants are very good cut compatible. If the plant gets older, no radical pruning should be done.
Often the hedge myrtle serves as a substitute for the boxwood. Many hobby gardeners practice doing this in the form of cutting and transform the robust small shrub into pyramids, spheres, spirals or animals. For the corresponding figures stencils are commercially available. But you can also become creative yourself and, for example, realize a ball or pyramid with the help of self-made templates.
" Tip: Especially good is the shape cutting using special bonsai hedge trimmers, such. These ones.
Diseases and pests:
Not least because of their robustness, the hedge myrtle is particularly appreciated. The occurrence of diseases can be virtually eliminated. Even pests hold back as far as possible.
Only the young and self-grown plants can occasionally be attacked by spider mites. Spider mites are found on the stains they leave on the leaves and in the advanced stage on the spiders.
What should I do?
Treat the undersides of the leaves in case of an infestation. These are powerful to shower off. Also proven to have preparations based on Niemsamen or Niemöl.
" Tip: Check the plants regularly. This allows an infestation to be detected promptly.
Propagation is done by cuttings. The best time to pick cuttings is early summer. Suitable for cutting are woody shoots of existing plants. These are cut to a length of 15 to 20 centimeters.
" Tip: When cutting sections resulting sections can be used as cuttings.
What is needed for propagation through cuttings?
- clean gardening tool
- potting soil
- Plastic wrap or plastic hoods
Before the cuttings are placed in the potting soil, remove the lower leaves. The remaining foliage should not come into contact with the substrate to prevent the leaves from becoming rotten. The cuttings are placed in the ground and lightly poured. As an alternative to special cultivation soil, potting soil mixed with sand can also be used.
How are the cuttings treated?
The plant pots are placed in a sheltered place. The blazing sun should not be exposed to the plants. Temperatures between 20 and 30 degrees are ideal. Always keep the soil moist but never too wet. To speed up the rooting, the planters are covered with plastic wrap or a plastic hood. Show new shoots, the propagation has succeeded and the plastic hood can be removed.
Once the plants have developed sufficiently, they are transplanted to normal potting soil and cultivated in a protected location. After a frost-free wintering, the young plants can be planted out at the desired location next spring.
" Tip: If you plan to create a hedge, the work will be easier if the cuttings are pulled forward in a flower box. This makes it possible to create a straight row of several plants, because up to five cuttings can fit in one flower box.
The sturdy plant does not need special protection in winter. The plants also tolerate heavy frosts. So that the plants do not dry out, they are to be watered again well before the winter. Container plants should be kept in a sheltered location and occasionally watered in winter.
The hedge myrtle "Maigrün" as bonsai
The Schnittverträglichkeit and the rather small leaves make the hedge myrtle an ideal Bonsai plant. The bonsai should be bright and as sunny as possible. The plants can spend the summer outdoors. A uniform irrigation makes sense, short dry phases are tolerated. With the hedge myrtle can be realized most of the usual forms of design. Even strong cutting measures are well tolerated. Wiring can be supportive from June. Care should be taken to prevent the wire from cutting into the bark.